|Cleaver Warden says : “ Yesterday evening before supper I cut Henry
Kendall’s hair. I cut it very carefully, because it is very soft. After
I get done, I cut Harvey Townsend’s, but it was very hard-like horse tail.”
February 1882 SCHOOL NEWS
|U.S. Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa., June 13, 1885.
D.B. Dyer, U.S. Indian Agent, C&A Agency, Indian Territory.
The following students from your agency are entitled to return to their homes on account of expiration of the period for which they came: Lydia Big Nose, Jesse Spread Hands, Myra Cedar Grove & Cleaver Warden. These four are anxious to remain longer at the school, and it is my judgement they should. They are in good health and making satisfactory progress --- Casper Edson and Wm. Fletcher desire to return and come back in the fall. I should favor their doing so. Steve Williams says he wishes to return and help Mr. Vogt in the mission. Arnold Woolworth, Carl Matches, Kias Williams and Ernie Black wish to return and remain. They hope to get something to do. As Steve, Arnold and Kias are full grown men they can very properly take charge of their own future. Carl Matches and Ernie Black are still under age and might properly be held to school longer. Sarah Sitting Bull is reported by the school physician as having Scrofula and constitutional debility indicating that she had better be returned.
I would be very glad to have your views in regard to these students as early as practicable. Those that return will be started from here after the 1st.
Elkanah Dawson, Cheyenne, who came to us from your agancy, is also entitled to be returned: but his father is at Pine Ridge Agency and I will send him there.
In regard to Clarence Powder Face, I enclose letter from Dr. Given, which speaks for itself. I do not seem to have any grounds to ask for his return.
Very truly yours, /S/ R.H. Pratt, Capt. and Supt.
The money is placed to Clarences credit and subject to Powder Face order.
I mailed you a photo of your party taken last fall at Gettsburg.
O.G. Given to R.H. Pratt, June 13, 1885,
Clarence Powder Face was "saturated with malaria" when he arrived at Carlisle Barracks, free of disease this year.
Text Copyright (c) 2005 Sipe/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. Boarding School Files. Carlisle, Pa.
| News has just been received of the marriage of Cleaver Warden
at Cheyenne Agency, Ind. Ter., to the sister of Alex Yellowman.
August 31, 1888 INDIAN HELPER
| WHAT AN OLD CARLISLE BOY THINKS OF OKLAHOMA.
DARLINGTON, IND. TERR.,
January 7, 1889.
DEAR FRIEND:-I suppose you read in the daily papers about Oklahoma being so close at hand for settlement. I often come down to Darlington, and I do not find anything going on among the boomers. People here seem to be well posted on Oklahoma business. They talk of nothing else but about boomers being too plentiful all around.
An officer with twenty soldiers and twenty Indian scouts is out in the field for that purpose ordering the boomers out of the country of "promise."
Hoping that it will soon be open for settlement so that a fellow can come here and work.
From your friend.
January 18, 1889 INDIAN HELPER
| Cleaver Warden, an Arapahoe boy who went to his home in
Indian Territory, several years since, has had some employment or other
during all the time. He writes that the last earnest talk 'from our superintendent
to which he had the pleasure of listening made him feel that as the Government
had expended so much money to educate him he should use that education
for his own support. While he can not help eating Government rations at
times yet the money he has earned has contributed to his own support and
that of others. Cleaver is now doing office work at the Agency.
November 22, 1889 INDIAN HELPER
| SOUND DOCTRINE.
Through a letter from Mr. Potter, who for several years was a worker among the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians and last year was numbered among Carlisle's employees but now is located on a homestead in Oklahoma, we learn that:
"Harry Raven is a clerk in the trader's store and is the proud father of a little boy whom he calls William Miller Raven, and says "That name will be seen on the rolls at Carlisle in the year 1900.'
Harvey White Shield is locating on a claim adjoining the city of King Fisher. He has his eye open to business when the Cheyenne Reserve opens up.
Hubell Big Horse is toiling hard on his farm on the Washita, under Mr. Seger.
Robert Burns and Cleaver Warden are clerking in the Agent's office and are very efficient.
Paul Boynton wears only blanket with face painted, and I have never seen him yet to know him.
John D. Miles, Ernie Black, Bird Seward, and others are scouts receiving $25 a month and found, and they are endeavoring to save part of their salaries for a rainy day, although they find it up hill work, having numerous relatives and friends who are always ready to hang on to the working Indians for support.
Leonard Tyler and other Carlisle boys are very active in their efforts to persuade the other Indians to take their lands in severalty and become individuals.
The Cheyenne school has received large appropriations and is to be converted into a large training school after the pattern of Carlisle, equipped with a full system of shops, etc. No prettier location could have been selected.
It is quite refreshing to receive the HELPER with its lively and newsy articles.
Carlisle seems to be the centre of the Indian universe.
It is the sun of Indian civilization the light of which pierces its way into the farthest reservation.
All other agencies and instrumentalities are more or less guided by and attracted to their source and head -- the great civilizer, Carlisle.
Cut off the light, the teachings and the power which is diffused daily from that great institution and nothing less than a drought in the field of Indian civilization and advancement would certainly follow. Any one who would endeavor to cramp or lessen the usefulness of the Carlisle school is certainly far from being plumb in the upper story.
It seems ridiculous to censure or under value the work of such an institution owing to retrogression of some of the students who return to the reservations where a life of idleness and sin awaits them.
What percentage of the number of the white students leaving other schools make life a success and shine out as brilliant lights? And yet they have got to contend with the destroying influences of an Indian reservation.
The reservation is a poor old granary in which to store the products of such a school as Carlisle.
Why blame the farmer or censure his methods of work if the results of his labors are stored against his wishes in a place where his grain will be destroyed?"
August 22, 1890 INDIAN HELPER
| Cleaver Warden, who lives at Darlington, Indian Territory, wishes
to thank an unknown friend who kindly sent him a package of newspapers.
December 5, 1890 INDIAN HELPER
| JOHNNIE SCHMOKER.
A Peep at the Cheyenne Agency, I.T.
Our good friend Mr. Seger again favors the readers of the Indian Helper with one of his bright letters about his work and about the doings of some of our returned students.
At the writer's last visit to the Agency, as he entered the Agent's office, a pleasing sight met his eyes, for there sat Cleaver Warden industriously writing, and a little way from him at another desk sat Robert Burns, also engaged in clerical work.
Another desk was occupied by Paul Boynton.
The very look on each face showed that they meant business.
It did not take my mind long to flit back some fifteen years and to see these same boys as they were brought to me at the Agency school.
They wore long hair and were dressed like hundreds of other Cheyenne and Arapahoe boys in full Indian costume.
By the aid of a tub of water, comb and shears they were
ready in a short time to put on their suits of jean, when they had the
appearance of fresh hatched school-boys.
January 16, 1891 INDIAN HELPER
|From a trip to the Indian Territory, we gather some interesting news
about a number of our returned students. Benajah Miles and Casper Edson
are government school farmers. Jesse Bent, Cleaver Warden and Grant Left
Hand are clerking in the stores. Robert Brown and Kish Hawkins are clerking
in Agent's Office. Luke Bear Shield is school clerk and interpreter at
Darlington. Julia Bent is teaching at the Cheyenne agency school. John
Williams is Register of Wills of one of the counties with a salary If $1,000
a year. William Fletcher is also a Register of Wills and hay the best cornfield
in that vicinity. Oscar Bull Bear, is Assistant Government Farmer at, Seger,
Okla. Leonard Tyler is Assistant Farmer at Cheyenne School. Jennie Black
Tyler, his wife is assistant laundress at the same school. Mary North Tassie
has a Cheyenne husband, is living on a good farm, is a good housekeeper,
and exerts a good influence. At the Pawnee Agency, Stacy Matlack and William
Morgan are district government farmers. Rose Howell is assistant matron
at Otoe school. Louie Bayhylle is on the police force. Robert Matthews
has resigned his position as school farmer and expects to come east on
his own work. Frank West is married. Paul Boynton is filling some county
office. Henry North has resigned his position as clerk in Agent's Office.
The three last are working on their claims. Maud Chief Killer is married
to Colonel Horn and they are working at the Cheyenne school. All the returned
students are doing well.
August 11, 1893 INDIAN HELPER
| Cleaver Warden, Jessie Bent, Left Hand, Scabby Bull, Black Crow,
White Buffalo, Washie, of the Arapahoe tribe; Robert Burns, John Otterby,
Little Wolfe, Little Chief, Little Hand, Horse Road, Big Bear, Cloud Chief,
Buffalo Meat, Three Fingers, All Runner, Wolfe Robe, Prairie Chief, of
the Cheyenne tribe, and all of the Oklahoma Territory, in charge of Mr.
Chester Cornelius, arrived from Washington, on Wednesday. Messrs.
Burns, Warden and Bent are old Carlisle pupils.
December 9, 1898 INDIAN HELPER
| The Indian Chiefs.
The chiefs from the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Agency, presented a
fine appearance as they sat upon the rostrum last Wednesday evening.
They listened with interest to the band and choir and to Mr. Standing's
address of welcome. When Major Pratt spoke of their presence with
us and his pleasure at having them here, he said they were men he knew
31 years ago at a time when some of the tribes were not friendly, and it
was interesting if not dangerous to be among them. Mr. Standing referred
to his pioneer life down in the section of the country from whence they
had come. He said he knew Left Hand the best. Robert Burns,
interpreted for the Cheyennes and Cleaver Warden for the Arapahoes.
Both were early pupils of Carlisle. When it came time for the chiefs
to speak, Major introduced Left Hand first. He said he was one of
the men he had met on the Washita 31 years ago. The Major had met
Mr. Standing down in that country also, and it was through his work of
preparation that we got 56 of the children of the two tribes that these
chiefs represented, to enter Carlisle. Left Hand sent three of his
December 16, 1898 INDIAN HELPER
| Cleaver Warden and Leonard Tyler of Oklahoma, who were pupils
of Carlisle years ago, visited the school last week. It will be remembered
that Cleaver Warden was here a few months ago with a party of Cheyenne
and Arapahoe chiefs who had been in Washington on business for their tribes.
Messrs. Warden and Tyler appear to be men of sturdy worth, and were full
of interesting accounts of their work since they left us as pupils, but
both deplore that they did not remain in school long enough to become educated
One of them might have been the lawyer in Washington to be employed by the tribe at a salary of several thousand dollars a year, instead of the man now employed, had they become learned in the law. Mr. Warden had the ability when a school boy to push himself up into this higher sphere of usefulness, but they were enticed back home. Mr. Tyler went back on account of health; both have done well considering the uphill work they found, but who can estimate what the tribe has lost by their not going on through the high school, the college, the law school and up onto vantage ground from whence they could command a view of real situations. They see more than the chiefs but these half-educated men are yet so blind and incapable as to make it necessary to employ others to look after the tribal interests.
February 24, 1899 INDIAN HELPER
|United States Department of the Interior, Indian Field Office, Cheyenne
and Arapaho Indian Agency, Concho, Oklahoma, July 14, 1928.
Indian Fair Association in meeting at Coyotes place elected the following committees:
Cleaver Warden, Chairman; Charles Curtis, Norton Beaver, Darwin Hayes.
George Frass, Chairman; Hailman Hawk, John Pedro, Howard Bird.
Stock And Poultry:
Dawes White Bird, Chairman; Emil Curtis, Sampson Kelly, Robert Sankey.
Home Economics And Native Arts And Crafts:
Annie Van Horn, Chairman; Susie Pratt Sankey, Mollie Shepard, Mollie C. Big Nose.
Better Babies Show:
Mrs. George Frass, Chairman; Mrs. Belle Martin, Mrs. Flora Clark.
Entertainment: (Includes Indian dances, games, fancy and bucking riding, informing and directing public, beauty contest (of young girls 15 to 20 yrs. in Indian dress)
Mack Haag, Chairman; Tom Levi, Scott Harrison, Peter Hoof and John Heap-of Birds.
Law and Order on Camp Grounds of Indians.
Kish Hawkins, Chief of Indian Police, under the direction of the Superintendent of Indian Agency, will be permitted to select two helpers for police duty, and together with such other law enforcement officers as may be provided the camp and immediate vicinity will be guarded and law and order enforced.
Sipes Cheyenne Collection, Indian Fairs Section -Text Copyright (c) 2004 John Sipes Collection.
|C&A Carlisle School File, (There is no date on this note)
Entitled to return home: Lydia Big Nose; Jessie Spreadhands; Myra Cedergrove; Clarence Warden. These are anxious to remain longer. Casper Edson; Wm. Fletcher; Arnold Woolworth; Carl Matches; Kias Williams; and Ernie Black also wish to return. Sarah Sitting Bull and Elkanah Dawson (Cheyenne)- father at Pine Ridge.
Text Copyright (c) 2004 John Sipes
|7350/1907, Seger File, #127, Walter Roe,Supt. of Okla. Missions, Reformed
Church of America to C.F. Larnabee. Comm. of Ind. Affairs, Aug. 30,1907.
Recommends 34 Indians to lease and handle their own property. John Washee, Cleaver Warden, Hartley Ridge Bear, Wm. Little Chief, Alfrich Heap of Birds, Stacy Riggs, Watan, and Kias, (Note: Kias or Short Nose was father- in- law of Ed Burns. Ed was son of Robert Burns.) (Sipes Field Notes), were among the 34.
Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipes/Berthrong Cheyenne and Arapaho Collections.
Land Allotment Files.
|U.S. Dept. of Interior
Office of Indian Affairs
Education- Administration Circular #401, March 12, 1910.
To All Indian Superintendents
"Report and statistics on returned students that attended non-reservation schools in so far as the success or failure is concerned."
Carlisle, Pennsylvania. (Name and Occupation Shown Below)
Ernie Black, works by the day and has sold his land.
Harvey White Shield, looks after his own business and rents his land for a share of the crop.
Joe Pawnee, none at present.
William Abe Somers, none.
Charles DeBrae, farmer.
Henry Roman Nose, none.
James Hamilton, none.
(The above Cheyennes)
Arapahoes: Comanche, none; Phillip Rabbit, none; John H. Williams, none, has sold his land; Francis Lee, none; Dan Tucker, none; Cleaver Warden, farmer; Tom Carlisle, none; Howling Wolf, none, (Cheyenne).
Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipe/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. Boarding
School Sec. - Returned Students.