Zitkala Sa (aka Gertrude Simmons) at Carlisle.
Indian Helper References
VOL. XII. FRIDAY, July 9, 1897 NUMBER 39
Miss Gertrude Simmons is the latest addition to our force of workers. Miss
Simmons is a Sioux, seven years a student of White's Institute, Indiana,
and of Earlham College two years, is temporarily assisting with the clerical
work in Miss Ely's office.
Miss Simmons is pianist for chapel services.
VOL. XII. FRIDAY, July 16, 1897 NUMBER 40
Misses Mary Bailey, Gertrude Simmons and Nellie Robertson departed for
the West on Tuesday and Wednesday. Miss Bailey goes to Laguna, New Mexico,
Miss Simmons to Yankton, Dakota, and Miss Robertson, to Pine Ridge Agency,
VOL. XII. FRIDAY, August 6, 1897 NUMBER 43
On Monday, at the opening exercises of school, Miss Senseny, Vocal Instructress,
sang in most excellent voice and with pleasing effect Lynes' "He was a
Prince," and Belmont Smight's "Creole Love Song." On Tuesday, Miss Simmons
talked upon "The Achievements of the White and Red Races Compared." This
from a young Indian maiden was a most thrilling and earnest appeal to the
youth of her race to show to the world by their earnestness of purpose
that the history of the Indian has been wrongly written, and that their
motives as a people have been misunderstood. From this on, the Indian will
be judged by the growing generation, who should be industrious and worthy.
Every student who heard her remarks should be quickened into a deeper intensity.
On Wednesday, Miss Barclay talked on "Li Hung Chang's visit to the United
States." This, also, was very interesting and instructive, entering into
the details of his daily life.
VOL. XII. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1897 NUMBER 50
The King's Daughters have been organized for the year with the following
named leaders: Wayside Gleaners-The Binders, Miss Nana Pratt; the Reapers,
Miss Cummins; Sunshine Scatters, Miss Barclay; Lend-a-Hand Circle, Miss
Luckenbach; What-so-evers, 1st section, Miss Shaffner; 2nd section, Miss
Miles; Willing Workers, Miss Simmons and Miss Bailey; The Little Learners,
Miss Ericson. Their lessons in Bible Study will be upon the life of Christ
as found in the four Gospels.
VOL. XII. FRIDAY, October 1, 1897 NUMBER 51
On last Thursday, at the opening exercises of school, Antonio Apache
gave an account of his trip through the British Colonies. On Friday, "Seth
Lowe and the Greater New York," occupied the time, Professor Bakeless the
speaker. On Monday he again spoke upon Nicola Tesla and his Electrical
Researches, showing how little things change the world. On Tuesday, James
Wheelock, played a clarinet solo, accompanied on piano by Miss Simmons.
It was one of Hartmann's compositions and was beautifully rendered and
well received. On Wednesday, Miss Lida Standing gave an excellent talk
on "Lord Nelson and his Service in the British Navy.' The talks at the
opening exercises this year have all been spirited and much enjoyed.
On Tuesday, at the opening exercises of school, Miss Simmons sang in excellent
voice "The Dove" by Arciti, and was accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Sawyer
and by James Wheelock, on his clarinet.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, October 15, 1897 NUMBER 1
The Minnehaha Glee Club is the name the singers, who have chosen Miss Simmons
for leader, have given themselves.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, October 29, 1897 NUMBER 3
Capt. Pratt, Mrs. Pratt, Miss Burgess, Miss Senseney, Miss Barclay, Miss
Seonia, Miss Simmons, Mr. Snyder, Mr. St. Cyr, and the Wheelock Bros. took
in the game Saturday.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, November 12, 1897 NUMBER 5
The school entertainment on last Monday evening was a sort of Christmas
event. The stage trimmings, with quaint fire-place in which was a glowing
fire and hanging kettle added to the picturesqueness of the scene. The
programs, with "A Merry Christmas," printed in brilliant red, was the first
reminder of what was coming. On the outside page was a stanza from Milton's
Hymn to the Nativity. The singing by the entire school received more than
usual applause from the faculty. Spring Time waltz, accompanied by clarinet,
violin and piano was sung with very pleasing effect. Didn't little Agnes
White speak well and loud? Frank Cayou's solo pleased everybody and he
was obliged to respond with an encore. Miss Cochran's pupils did themselves
proud in the scene from Dickens' "Christmas Carol." Oscar Davis spoke remarkably
well. "Somebody's Mother,' stood vividly out to view when he was through.
The sparkling little piano solo "Spring Carol," by Edythe Pierce enlivened
all, and the double quartette, deserves special mention. Miss Simmons',
James Flannery's and J. Wheelock's voices being specially conspicuous,
while all blended beautifully. "The Poet's Calendar," by pupils from 5,
6, and 7 in costume representing the months of the year was well done.
Theodora Davis quite captured the audience in her very natural message
to Santa Claus through the Telephone. "Primitive Life in New York," adapted
from Irving's Knickerbocker History of New York was good, but perhaps the
best thing of the evening was Fannie Harris as Mrs. Ruggles preparing her
nine "youn'uns" for the Christmas Dinner, taken from Kate Douglas Wiggins'
"Bird's Christmas Carol." The evening was delightful throughout. The band
did its part and was enjoyed as it always is. The pupils from the lower
grades, Maude Murphy, No. 1, and Julio Romero, No. 3 deserve mention for
the efforts made.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, December 24, 1897 NUMBER 11
One of the most interesting hours the Man-on-the-band-stand has spent for
many a day was in No. 6, last Thursday evening when Miss Simmons in the
chair, conducted a debate between her morning and afternoon schools upon
the subject of whether or not the treatment of the Indians by the early
settlers caused King Philip to make war. There was a degree of life manifested
on the part of the speakers in gaining the floor, that was refreshing,
and arguments pro and con that would have done credit to the higher grades.
Mr. Dennison Wheelock, Miss Wilson and Miss Burgess were appointed judges
and decided that the best argument was on the negative side. Those who
had the most to say were Lewis Curtis, John Morris, and Arthur Degray,
on the affirmative, and Frank Bender, Tommy Griffin, John Jessan, Minnie
Reed and Evaline Hammer, on the negative.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, January 21, 1898 NUMBER 14
It was a pleasant change to peep in for a moment at the art work, going
on in No. 5--Miss Carter's room. Art teacher, Miss Forster, was directing,
individually, the drawing and painting of some pretty initial letters,
while a part of the class was a reproducing a squash placed before them
for a model. We arrived at No. 6 door just as Miss Simmons' pupils were
passing out to Assembly Hall to take a lesson in singing. When asked to
sum up the difficulties of her room in one word, she said "Language."
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, February 4, 1898 NUMBER 16
A surprise was tendered Miss Simmons last Tuesday evening in the Teachers'
parlor. She clebrates the 22nd, as the anniversary of her birth, and Miss
Seonia had quietly invited to the parlor a host of Miss Simmons friends,
who joined in laughter, song, games and other merriment. Soon after the
delicious cream and cake were served and a few more pleasantries enjoyed
the company dispersed, each feeling that it was good to have been there.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, February 25, 1898 NUMBER 19
Miss Simmons and her class of girls made a tour through the shops on Wednesday.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, April 1, 1898 NUMBER 24
Miss Simmons gave a very select reading, entitled, "The Blue and the Gray."
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, June 3, 1898 NUMBER 33
Miss Simmons has taken Miss Peter's place in school, this month and Miss
Paull is in the Normal Room, while Miss Bowersox is doing library work.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, June 17, 1898 NUMBER 35
Miss Simmons intends remaining most of the summer at Carlisle, and will
take violin lessons under Prof. Taube of Harrisburg. He is a Leipsic graduate.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, July 1, 1898 NUMBER 37
Miss Simmons is spending a part of her vacation in New York City a guest
of the artist Mrs. Kasebier.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, August 12, 1898 NUMBER 43
Misses Carter, Bowersox, Robertson, Peter, and Simmons came on Monday.
VOL. XIII. FRIDAY, September 2, 1898 NUMBER 46
Mr. F.W. Kasebier, 201st Regiment N.Y. was Miss Simmon's guest on Thursday
evening. Mr. Kasebier's mother is the artist at whose lovely home in New
York City, Miss Simmons was a guest for a few weeks this summer.
VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, October 21, 1898 NUMBER 1
Miss Newcomer, of Kansas, is the late Civil Service appointee. Miss Paull
has taken Miss Simmons' school and Miss Newcomer has No. 2.
VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, January 6, 1899 NUMBER 11
Miss Simmons has gone to Boston to take special musical training. In
her life as a teacher with us she has made a host of friends who wish her
the greatest success in her new field. Miss Simmons has musical talent,
and no doubt will make her mark in the world as a violinist. It will be
remembered that Miss Simmons is a Sioux Indian maiden who has worked her
way through school and partly through college, having attained prominence
in her college life at Earlham College, Indiana.
Mr. Sowerby and Mr. J. Wheelock will attend the Invincibles this evening.
Mr. Blackbear and some one in Miss Simmons' place the Standards, and Mr.
Snyder and Mr. St. Cyr the Susans.
VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, January 20, 1899 NUMBER 13
VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, April 28, 1899 NUMBER 27
One of the saddest duties that has come to us as a recorder of the
historical events at the school is that of telling our readers of the sad
death of student Thomas P. Marshall. Thomas was a Sioux from Pine Ridge
agency, S. Dakota, where a mother, brothers and sisters, and a step-father,
a deacon in the Episcopal Church, reside. Four years ago, last Fall, Thomas
came to us from the Friends' White's Institute, Indian, which had been
engaged successfully many years in educating young Indians. He at once
entered Dickinson College Preparatory Department, and had advanced to the
Junior class in the college proper.
It would be impossible to overstate the excellence of Thomas Marshall's
character and influence as shown both in Dickinson College and in the Indian
School. Tributes and testimonials from his Professor in the college and
the President, of his superior character, are unstinted.
A memorial service presided over by President Reed and attended by
the Professors and students of the College, addressed by President Reed,
Rev. McMillan and others was held in Bosler Memorial hall at the college
on Wednesday morning. Later there will be a service of the same kind, here
at the school.
Every year since coming to Carlisle, Thomas was elected by the Young
Men's Christian Association to take charge of the delegation to Mr. Moody's
Northfield Conference. As the Assistant of Mrs. Given in charge of the
small boys, and as a leader in every good movement in the societies and
general work of the school, Thomas was without a peer among our students.
He never failed in any duty and always happily led when occasion offered.
He received letters from home, telling of the sickness and death of
a brother and sister of "Malignant Measles." Nothing of the kind had appeared
anywhere in this vicinity. He was taken ill, and in view of what had occurred
at his home he was at once isolated in the hospital. The disease baffled
the greatest skill of the physician and the tenderest care of the skillful
nurse, and relentlessly centered in his face, and the brain, and finally
on his lungs. He was unconscious for about twenty hours before he died,
which was at midnight on Sunday last. The life of one most promising and
unselfish as well as most dear to a loving family and to a wide circle
of friends is thus inscrutably taken.
A large and beautiful wreath of white roses from Miss Gertrude Simmons
[Zitkala Sa] of Boston, to whom Thomas Marshall was engaged to be married,
was received by Mrs. Cook, to be placed on his grave. Miss Simmons has
the sympathy of her friends at Carlisle, in this her great bereavement.
Owing to the death of Thomas Marshall, Major Pratt issued orders strictly
quarantining all the pupils and employees within the limits of the school
reservation. At this writing no other malignant cases have appeared.
Thomas Marshall's case was sporadic and there seems no danger of the disease
spreading so great is the vigilance and so strict the quarantine order.
Everything that was in his room was burned and the room thoroughly fumigated.
It was a room that Miss Barr had held as a spare room, in the closet of
which she had her best clothing. Everything in the closet was burned even
to her silk dress and a new and stylish garment she had recently purchased.
TO THE INDIAN HELPER: In her deep sorrow, Miss Gertrude Simmons wishes
to express gratitude for the sympathy extended to her through the HELEPR
and also through personal letters. There is no reconciliation for the loss
of so pure and noble a life-force, only in the thought that Mr. Marshall
has gained "that purest heaven." -May 2nd, Boston.
VOL. XIV. FRIDAY, May 5, 1899 NUMBER 28
The people's eyes whom Zitkala Sa alludes to in her Atlantic Monthly article
might be called a pair of stares.
VOL. XV. FRIDAY, February 2, 1900 NUMBER 14
February 1900 RED MAN
"School Days of an Indian Girl"
The lecture on Lincoln before the Literary Societies, Tuesday evening,
March 13th, is to be delivered by Rev. Dr. Melancthohn Woolsey Stryker,
President of Hamilton College. Dr. Stryker was specially selected
by the War Department to deliver the memorial eulogy at General Lawton's
funeral before the President, Cabinet and many of the most distinguished
officials and citizens of this and other countries. Dr. Stryker's
oratorical powers are of the highest order, and this lecture promises to
be one of the finest ever delivered in Carlisle. The lecture will
begin at 8 o'clock, but to make the evening still more interesting the
exercises will begin at 7:30 o'clock, the half hour preceding the lecture
being filled with music by the School Band, Glee Club and by a violin solo
from Miss Zitkala Sa. The price of admission will be 25 cents.
The people of the town, by buying tickets at either Mr. Means' or Mr. Piper's
Bookstores and paying 30 cents therefore, will get trolley tickets to and
from the School. No reserved seats.
Miss Gertrude Simmons widely known by her Dakota name - Zitkala
Sa, is with us, and will remain until the Band starts on its tour, when
she will go along as violin soloist. She is looking well and says
that the people of Boston have treated her well.
VOL. XV. FRIDAY, March 9, 1900 NUMBER 19
Zitkala Sa's rendition of "The Famine" from Hiawatha, at the Memorial
Association in Washington, last Friday took the audience by storm.
"The recitation was a magnificent effort, and the young girl was most enthusiastically
applauded," says the Star. The Post says "she recited in a very capable
manner. She was enthusiastically applauded and was compelled to return
to the stage to bow her acknowledgements. At the conclusion of the
program she was taken among the audience and introduced to Miss Longfellow,
the poet's daughter."
Mrs. Cook goes with the Band as a chaperon for Zitkala Sa.
On Saturday last, the Band boys were the invited guests of the President
of the United States to play at the White House, Mrs. McKinley selecting
the numbers rendered. The latter was delighted with the music,
and spoke in high praise of the performers. At the same time Miss
Zitkala Sa, recited for Mrs. McKinley, and received from her hands a large
bunch of beautiful English violets, which she prizes very highly.
On Wednesday evening, the usual "class meeting" as Major Pratt calls
them was held. Most of the inspiring speeches by distinguished visitors
made at this meeting are quite fully reported for the Red Man. There
was a large crowd present and the occasion was one long to be remembered.
VOL. XV. FRIDAY, March 23, 1900 NUMBER 21
It was at this meeting that Zitkala Sa recited the famine scene
in Hiawatha, surprising her audience with an artistic rendition that was
delightful to hear. A Dakota girl, in Dakota costume of beaded and
fringed buckskin, with her long black locks combed very smoothly over the
ears and braided in 2 braids, she was decidedly picturesque and typical
in style, and the recital from start to finish would have satisfied Longfellow's
highest ideal of native grace and eloquence.
OUR BAND ON THE ROAD.
VOL. XV. FRIDAY, March 30, 1900 NUMBER 22
One who is travelling with the band has promised to keep the
readers of the HELPER informed of some of their doings on the road.
Fifty-three members of the Band with Dr. Montezuma, of Chicago,
as care-taker and health-keeper of the crowd, and Mrs. Cook at chaperon
for Zitkala Sa, and J. Quincy Eaton as treasurer, left last Friday morning,
giving their first concert in Philadelphia. One whose nom-de-plume
will be known as Xena, writes thus:
Now that we are so far away that even your eagle eye can not
rest on the Band-standers we begin to realize our distance and hasten to
send you our loyal greetings, for no matter how far we may go or what fortunes
are ours we started from THE Band Stand!
Less than a week has passed since we last saw you, but already
we feel at home on "the road" and only wish you might sometime join us,
if only to see how we take the fun that comes to us and how bravely we
meet any adverse conditions.
Philadelphia showed us its "brotherly love" in the enthusiasm
of the audience.
Our arrival in Trenton was a bit disturbed by the mistaken notions
of our advanced guard in conjunction with our would-be "mine-host."
Cots galore were found sardined into 9x10 rooms, and when one of them boasted
a sheet it proved a strip of unbleached muslin without the grace of a hem.
Our capable manager soon set matters straight, gave the command
"Right-about face!" and found comfortable quarters elsewhere. We
think he was most strongly moved thereto by Dickie who sat on his cot in
a hallway and declaimed "Behold Me! I have no room today!"
A good audience greeted our matinee, and tickets are selling
well for Tuesday night.
The evening proved the old saying false, for our prophtets found
honor in their own country, and all Bucks County turned out for the Bristol
concert to show their regard for the boys from Carlisle.
They entered into the concert, heart and soul, and we played
our best for them.
The local agent strongly urges us to come again and he will
give us a packed house.
We are proud of ourselves for your sake. We are proud
of our Minnehaha who takes each audience by storm and holds it breathless
till she chooses to release it. Her rendering of the pathos and beauty
and truth of Longfellow's lines is a revelation to her hearers, while her
violin wins all hearts.
We are proud of our Calm Director who is not even thrown off
his base when his remarkable versatility as the ex-captain of the football
team is remarked upon.
Some day we may tell you of the Ancient Israelite, who "Stood
on the STAIRS at midnight;" of the Somnambulist who nearly gave his bed
fellows each a black eye and of the Lucky Sioux, the universal favorite.
These are a few of your devoted Band Standers who send faithful
remembrance by the hand of
What the Papers Say.
The Band does not come as Indians might be expected and permitted
to do, with a repertoire of little easy waltzes and marches that any children
might learn to play in time, but they come with "Semiramide" and with "Bohemian
Girl," "Il Trovatore" and "Lohengrin."
It was not alone in ensemble that the Band made a good impression
but there were soloists that ranked high as musicians of soul and execution.
-[Trenton Daily Gazette.
The Trenton Times says: It may be strictly in order to say that
all of these young men are Americans - there can be no doubt about that,
and there can be no more remarkable entertainment than that given yesterday
afternoon at Association Hall by the Carlisle Indian School Band.
Other bands have played in this city but none ever made such an impression
on those who heard it as did this band of young Indians. It would
have been a grand musical feast aside from any special features but with
thoses features it stands alone as an extraordinary and unique entertainment.
The wonder of the whole thing is how all of these young men - and some
of them are but boys - have been taught to play such music.
Perfect harmony, precision of movement and delicacy of expression
prevailed throughout, and one could scarcely believe that it was the performance
of descendants of the aborigines that one was hearing. -[Trenton
Any criticism of the concert that failed to take note of the
wonderful performance by Zitkala Sa, a charming young Indian woman who
must have surprised everybody with the power of her declamatory force would
be incomplete. Her recitation was "The Famine" from Hiawatha.
Her beginning scarce kept the attention. She warmed and as the lines
called for the exposition of the passions the young girl's dramatic power
grew till it became marvelous. She held every ear and the recourse
frequently to handkerchiefs told how great an effect she was exerting over
her audience. She was applauded to the echo.
-[Trenton Daily Gazette.
Their tone is especially mellow and pleasing and even in the
cresendo passages developed none of the brassy harshness often heard in
bands of the kind. Zitkala Sa recited with much feeling and decided
elocutionary ability the "Famine," from Hiawatha. -[Phila. Evening
The admirable execution of these young artists, the precision
of their work which, is at all times marked by enthusiams and spirit, caused
every one of the dozen or more numbers on the well-chosen program to be
encored, and the high character of the Band's work is indicated by their
high grade selections. -[Phila Times.
The performance was a very praiseworthy one, the organization
showing the beneficial effects of careful preparation and drill, while
individually considerable skill and musical ability was displayed. -[Phila.
Zitkala Sa is spending the summer with her mother in South Dakota.
An editorial on her Atlantic Monthly articles which appeared in the Word
Carrier will be reprinted in the June Red Man.
VOL. XV. FRIDAY, June 15, 1900 NUMBER 33
RED MAN AND HELPER
Miss Gertrude Simmons, a Sioux maiden, who has received a partial college
education and for the past two years has been a teacher with us, left at
the beginning of this year for Boston, where she will take a special course
in the Conservatory of Music, her special line of study being the violin.
VOL. XV. No.4. / JANUARY 1899 RED MAN AND HELPER
VOL. VI. No. 3. / JUNE 1900 RED MAN
ZITKALA SA IN THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY.
Andrew Lang concludes from his study of their legends that our
Indians have little original imagination. We would like to know his
opinion after reading Zitkala Sa's articles in the Atlantic Monthly.
They certainly show consideratble power of imagination. They are
exceedingly well written and highly praiseworthy as realistic word paintings.
Some may have eagerly hoped that in these experiences of an Indian girl
we would now have the material fo ra new psychological study. But
many of the incidents are purely fictitious and often the situaion is dramatically
arranged to produce the desired effect. There is the conventional
beratinf of "the paleface who has stolen our lands and driven us hither."
And our hearts swell with indignation as we see these unfortunates driven
like a herd of buffalo many days and nights, while with evewry step teh
sick sister shrieksk with the painful jar, until at last, when they reache
the far western country, on the first weary night she dies. It will
relieve the sympathetic tension to remember that this is simply dramatic
The same is undoubtably true of the climactric scene when her
mother discovers a new fire in teh bluffs across the river where white
settlers have made homes. When she exclaims, "Well, my daughter,
there is the light of another white rascal, springs to her feet beside
her wigwam and raisign her right arm forcibly into line with her eye shoots
out her doubled fist vehemently at the strangers with a curse upon them.
We may however expect to gain some information regarding the
true inwardness of Indian schools and the character fo those who teach
them. But here too her portraits are either so exaggerated as to
be untrue or are pure inventions. From the broad brimmed Quaker "missionaries"
and the pale-face woman teacher with the cold gray eyes and gnawed pencil
to the leather tanned stage driver with blurred and blood-shot blue eyes,
she finds no one for whom she has any other sentiments than contempt and
There is one remaining field of study for which we have enough
material and of a genuine character, that is Zitkala Sa herself.
By her own showing she is a person of infinite conceit. She is insulted
because a pale-face woman catches her up in her arms and tosses her in
the air; she is outraged because a loud breakfast bell sends its metallic
voice crashing into her sensitive ears. Nothing is good enough for
her. Her small carpeted room, with neat white bed she calls a ghastly
white walled prison. She is passionate and ill-tempered from a child,
when she chases her own shadow with set teeth and clenched fists; or when
a little older she is dragged out from under a bed kicking and scratching
wildly. She carries the same temper into mature age when her enraged
spirit feels like burning the Bible her mother has brought for her comfort.
She is utterly unthankful for all that has been done for her by the pale
faces, which in her case is considerable.
It would be doing injustice to the Indian race whose blood she
partly shares to accept the picture she has drawn of herself as the true
picture of all Indian girls. They average far better.
HUNT FOR THE SOUTH SIDE!
VOL. XVI. No. 13./ FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1900 / CONSOLIDATED
VOL. 1, NO. 10
There are people like Zitkala Sa, in her Atlantic Monthly articles
a few months ago, who always insist upon sitting on the cold side of a
hill. They have all sorts of experiences in life, happy as well as
dull, but the rememberance of gloomy scenes and the dark pictures in life
is alone retained.
Those who make light of small trials and push them aside that
sunshine and cheer may enter are the people who make the world worth living
There is enough gloom in life as we go along from day to day,
without treasuring up disagreeable experiences of the past.
The following from Forward has a lesson in it for us all:
"May I come in, dear?" called the girl's bright voice.
"Pull the bobbin and the latch will fly up," was the merry answer.
The girl pushed open the door and ran across the room to the
Nobody could have guessed the pain and the wearisome plaster
cast from the cheery voice; still less could one have guessed that the
need to earn made the weeks of pain still harder to bear.
These things the woman lying there told to her God, never to
"The very last," she declared. "I hunted and hunted!"
"Are you sure?" her friend asked quickly. "I've always
found them later than this every year. Did you go over to the south
side of the hill?"
"No," the girl confessed laughingly, "I believe that I looked
on every side but that. I'll go straight back and hunt again."
Twenty minutes later she returned laden with autumn bloom.
"You were right," she said. "I had no idea that the south
side made such a difference. The slope was half covered with the
most beautiful blossoms, so big and deep colored. I'm going to put
them in the pitcher beside you, so that you can reach your hands down deep
into autumn and pretend you're picking them yourself."
"Then," her friend returned, "I should have to give up the memory
of somebody who picked them for me."
The girl stopped her pretty work.
"Now I understand the difference," she said slowly. "You
insist that you are living on the south side of life, and that you are
getting every bit of sunshine there is, while most of us deliberately go
and sit on the north side, and grumble because it is cold. Never
mind, I've caught your secret now, and I'm going to sit in the sun.
Then maybe I'll blossom."
The white face in the bed smiled.
"And the best of it all is that there always is a south side,"
she answered," the sun's side, and God's."
VOL../ FRIDAY, JUNE 13, 1902
A FORMER HASKELL BOY.
Raymond T. Bonnin and Miss Gertrude Simmons, both of Yankton Agency,
were married at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Benedict in this city on
Saturday afternoon, May 10, 1902.
The Tribune is pleased to make a few comments upon this marriage from
the fact that the bride is a full blooded Sioux whose Indian name is ”Zitkala-Sa,“
which means Red Bird.
After receiving a common school education at Yankton Agenoy she was
sent to Carlisle College, where she remained two years and where she developed
great musical and literary talents to such an extent that she was sent
to the Boston Conservatory of Music and was selected to accompany a musical
troupe to the Paris exposition in 1900.
The rare talent show both on the violin and piano brought forth many
flattering comments from the leading maga zines and newspapers, both at
home and abroad. Upon her return she made a tour of the prindple cities
of the East, not only as an accomplished musician but as an author of esteemed
merit. One of her productions entitled “Indian Legends” has commended itself
to the reading public to the extent that the publishers are having a great
demand for her works. She is also a contributor to some of the leading
magazines at the present time.
The groom is the grandson of the old French trader, Picotte, one
of the first traders to oome up the Missouri River to Yankton Agency and
points above and into who married one of the Yankton Sioux Tribe.
His family were all educated at the Standing Rock Reservation, South of
St. Louis and they and their children are among the foremost of the Yankton
tribe in civilized at &inmenta. This is considered a marriage in high
life among their people, as both of the contracting parties are proud of
their aboriginal blood, and especially of their rapid acquirement of the
educational skill of the Caucasian race so rapidly adopted by them. Her
Indian friends may well feel proud, without being egotistical, at the marvelous
advancement made of a full-blood of their race who left her native home
encumbered with that legacy of native habits and who within a few short
years mastered the English language to the extent that she rivals in literature
some of the leading authors of America, and whose quaint productions are
equal to those of Kipling.
-[Tyndall (S. D.) Tribune.]
Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa(Boston: Ginn &
Bonnin, G.S. "Heart to Heart Talk." California Indian Herald 2 (1924):
Bonnin, G.S.F.C.H.S.M.K. Oklahoma's Poor Rich Indians, an Orgy of Graft
and Exploitation of the Five Civilized Tribes, Legalized Robbery(Philadelphia:
Office fo the Indian Rights Association, 1924).
Bonnin, G.S. "The California Indians of Today." California Indian Herald
1 (1923): 10.
Bonnin, G.S. "Lost Treaties of the California Indians." California Indian
Herald 1 (1923): 7.
Bonnin, G.S. "California Indian Trails and Prayer Trees, Chapter I."
California Indian Herald 1 (1923): 6.
Bonnin, G.S. "An Indian Praying on the Hilltop." American Indian Advocate
4 (1922): 1.
Bonnin, G.S. "America's Indian Problem." Edict 2 (1921): 1-2.
Bonnin, G.S. American Indian Stories(Washington, DC: Hayworth, 1921).
Bonnin, G.S. "The Coronation of Chief Powhatan Retold." American Indian
Magazine 6 (1919): 179-180.
Bonnin, G.S. "America, Home of the Red Man." American Indian Magazine
6 (1919): 165-167.
Bonnin, G.S. "Indian Gifts to Civilized Man." Tomahawk (1919).
Bonnin, G.S. "Editorial Comment." American Indian Magazine 7 (1919):
Bonnin, G.S. "Indian Gifts to Civilized Man." Indian Sentinel 1, no.
Bonnin, G.S. "Editorial Comment." American Indian Magazine 6 (1918):
Bonnin, G.S. "Chipeta, Widow of Chief Ouray." American Indian Magazine
5 (1917): 168-170.
Bonnin, G.S. "The Red Man's America." American Indian Magazine (1917).
Bonnin, G.S. "Mrs. Bonnin Speaks." Tomahawk (1917).
Bonnin, G.S. "A Sioux Woman's Love for Her Grandchild." American Indian
Magazine 5 (1917): 230-231.
Bonnin, G.S. "The Indian's Awakening." American Indian Magazine 4 (1916):
Bonnin, G.S. "A Year's Experience in Community Service Work Among the
Ute Tribe of Indians." American Indian Magazine 4 (1916): 307-310.
Bonnin, E. "An Indian Thanksgiving." Indian Leader (1909).
Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa(Boston: Ginn &
Bonnin, G.S. "Shooting of the Red Eagle." Indian Leader (1904).
Bonnin, G.S. "A Plea for the Indian Dance." Word Carrier of Santee Normal
Training School 31 (1902): 2.
Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa(Boston and London:
Ginn & Co., 1902).
Bonnin, G.S. "Iya, the Camp-Eater, from "Old Indian Legends"." Twin
Territories 4 (1902): 274-276.
Bonnin, G.S. "Why I am a Pagan." Atlantic 90 (1902): 801-803.
Bonnin, G.S. "[The Indian Dance]." Red Man and Helper (1902).
Bonnin, G.S. "Warrior's Daughter." Everybody's 6 (1902): 346.
Bonnin, G.S. "Soft-Hearted Sioux." Harper's 102 (1901): 505-508.
Bonnin, G.S. "Trial Path: An Indian Romance." Harper's 103 (1901): 741-744.
Bonnin, G.S. Old Indian Legends, Retold by Zitkala-Sa; With Illustrations
by Angel de Cora (Hinook-Mahiwi-Kilinaka)(Boston: Ginn & Company, 1901).
Bonnin, G.S. "Impressions of an Indian Childhood." Atlantic 85 (1900):
Bonnin, G.S. "School Days of an Indian Girl." Atlantic 85 (1900): 185-194.
Bonnin, G.S. "An Indian Teacher Among Indians." Atlantic 85 (1900):