Wheelock's at the Carlisle Indian School.

[Note: for genealogical information, see "Wheelock Family Name" on "Oneida People, Places, Dates & Events website by Author, Susan G. Daniels. This site is a wealth of information gleaned from church records, census records, allotments, diaries, papers, etc.]

Martin Wheelock * Oneida
     Blood Quantum: full
     Parents: Abram Wheelock, deceased by 1901; mother deceased.
     Address given: c/o Henry Wheelock step-brother, Green Bay.
     Arrived CIIS: 9/21/1890
     Departed CIIS: 11/08/1902 graduated class '02
     Age at arrival: 16
     Other info: blacksmith, married Lena Webster, 1913 living in Seymour WI.

National Archives Records Administration, Record Group 75, File 1327 abstract from Genevieve Bell.

  Peter Powlas brought with him from Oneida Wisconsin, Lucinda Kick, Melinda Metoxen, Lydia Powlass, Melissa Green, Ophelia King, Alice Powlas, Moses King, Isaac Metoxen, Martin Wheelock, Taylor Smith,  Whitney Powlas, John Powlas, Chauncey Archiquette, Brigman Cornelius, and Isaac Johns.

September 23, 1890 INDIAN HELPER.

 Word from Jemima Wheelock again shows earnest energetic work as a teacher among her people, the Oneidas. She feels that she still lacks much in the line of an education and says she is not too old to go to school more, which she intends doing. She seems exceedingly grateful for what her eastern friends have done to help her. She is already looking forward to next Christmas when she hopes to have a tree for her thirty bright pupils.

   Celicia Wheelock has her old place as one of the normal teachers, since she came in from the country.
September 25, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

  This information will be a surprise to many and we can hardly credit the statements contained in the following letter from Oneida reservation: "You all know Jemima Wheelock. She is very fine girl in Oneida reservation. She has been a teacher here for a few years but now she married today in the Catholic Church. She became a Catholic, now. Her husband, his name was John Tap. He lives at LaPere, Wis. From Your Respectfully, John C. Young."
November 13, 1891 INDIAN HELPER


  Martin Wheelock sprained his ankle during a practice game of football, on Wednesday evening.  It is hoped that the injury sustained is not serious as Martin is one of the "big guns" on the team.
September 24, 1897 INDIAN HELPER.

   On Monday morning after breakfast, the football team, who returned the evening before from the Yale game which was played at New York last Saturday, was treated to a free ride across the parade, in the large four horse herdic, drawn by the entire battalion.  Capt. Pierce, Frank Cayou, Frank Hudson, and Martin Wheelock occupied the small phaeton drawn by boys, and went in advance of the others.  The band played lively marches, as handkerchiefs waved and mouths shouted.  The demonstration was a great surprise to all making a unique scene for such an early morning hour.  The school is proud of the record made for clean playing, and were gratified that the boys scored.

October 29, 1897 INDIAN HELPER.

  Martin Wheelock has gone home in Wisconsin, for a vacation.
April 8, 1898 INDIAN HELPER.

  The names and positions of our football team stand thus:  Frank Hudson, quarterback and Captain; Jones Metoxen, full back; Artie Miller, right half back; Frank Cayou, left half back; Edwin Smith, center; Bemus Pierce, right guard; Martin Wheelock, left guard; Isaac Seneca, right tackle; Hawley Pierce, left tackle; Chauncey Archiquette, right end; Edward Rogers, left end.  The substitutes have not yet been selected.
September 23, 1898 INDIAN HELPER.

  At the last meeting of the Invincible Debating Society the following officers were elected for the ensuing term: President, Martin Wheelock; Vice President, Guy Brown; Secretary, George Welch; Treasurer, Jonas Metoxen; Reporter, James E. Johnson; Sergeant-at-Arms, Wallace Miller' Critic, Edward Rogers; Assistant Critic, David Abraham.
December 9, 1898 INDIAN HELPER.

  Last Friday evening, the Invincibles discussed in open debate the question, Resolved, That the United States will be benefited by the building of the Nicaragua Canal.  John Warren, Charles Roberts and Isaac Seneca chose the affirmative side portraying the benefits to commerce, the stimulating effect to trade, and how such a canal would facilitate our naval operations as well as aid in carrying civilization to the people of our new possessions.  On the other hand, Caleb Sickles and James Johnson thought that the benefits would not compensate for the enormity of the expense of such a project, nor of the loss of lives that the labor would entail, and they took the position that it would be legislating of a special class. The weight of argument seemed to be on the affirmative side and so the Judges decided. There were more members of the society present than usual, and a spirited debate occurred relative to points of order in which President Martin Wheelock maintained the dignity befitting his office, and rendered wise decisions.
March 17, 1899 INDIAN HELPER

   The Invincibles have elected John Warren for President; John Lufkins for Vice-President; Artie Miller, Secretary; Adam Spring, Treasurer; Martin Wheelock, Reporter; Ed. Rogers Critic; James E. Johnson, Assistant Critic; and R.E. Crowe, Sergeant-at-arms.
April 7, 1899 INDIAN HELPER.

  Captain Martin Wheelock of the football team has been detailed as captain for the small boys' company, and assistant to Mrs. Given.  While the football management may try his metal, his position as captain of the small boys will try his manhood, and for that reason is a position to be sought for and to hold if possible.  The Man-on-the-band-stand wishes him success.
May 5, 1899 INDIAN HELPER.


   The Standard and Invincible Societies combined gave a very enjoyable evening to the school last Friday night.
  A debate upon the question:
  Resolved, That the United States should adopt the expansion policy, was the chief part of the entertainment, but excellent music was provided by the orchestra under the charge of James Wheelock, and there were declamations by Wesson Murdock, and Artie Miller, besides a most laughable dialogue in which Isaac Seneca, Jesse Palmer and Charles Roberts were the actors.
  Martin Wheelock, Ex-President of Invincibles, made a few opening remarks of welcome and introduced Mr. Dennison Wheelock, to preside for the evening.  Mr. Wheelock's remarks were appropriate for the occasion, saying in part that having been at the school for 14 years and taken part in every society from the beginning he could say without hesitation that there is no part of the school curriculum that is more helpful and entertaining than these literary events.  He referred to the early days of debate, and to some of the first students who make their mark then as orators, mentioning especially the name of the lamented Howard Logan, whose brilliant intellect was recognized.  He spoke of the question to be taken up for the evening as one which was being discussed by the leading men of our day at present, and concluded with the remark that there is nothing that proves more conclusively the capability of the Indian for education, than the strides he has taken in the last few years toward the highest manhood, physically, morally and spiritually.
  The principal speakers of the debate were James Johnson and Frank Beale on the affirmative, and John Warren and Frank Beaver on the negative.  Each speaker was thoughtful in his arguments and brought out such reasoning and logic on both sides that the judges - Mr. Mason, of Jamestown, N.Y., Mr. Snyder and Mr. Sowerby - complimented them saying that they arrived at a decision with some difficulty, but after weighing every point finally concluded that the affirmative had won the debate.
  At the close, Major Pratt was called upon to give his sentiments upon expansion and quite warmed to the subject.  we must not pass over this account of the evening without special mention of the excellent solos rendered by Robert Bruce, on his euphonium.  He thrilled his audience with the sweetness and accuracy of tones produced.  Mr. Harkness presided at the bass viol, which helped the orchestra greatly, as the instrument owned by the organization is a poor one, and we have not as yet an expert at handling the big bow.  The glee club received an encore, and the tableau was much enjoyed.
May 26, 1899 INDIAN HELPER.

   The football candidates who did not go to the country this summer are taking light practice these cool evenings under the direction of Captain Martin Wheelock.

August 18, 1899 INDIAN HELPER.

  Martin Wheelock has taken the fatherly place of Captain of the boys in the small boys' quarters.
February 2, 1900 INDIAN HELPER

Miss Barclay. 

  The school as a whole and her special friends in particular were stricken with grief on last Saturday morning when word was passed in sorrowful undertone, that Miss Barclay is dead.  Miss Bessie Barclay came to us in the Fall of '97, from Washington, D.C., and had been teaching among the Winnebago Indians of Nebraska for a time.
  She was never vigorous in health, but grew stronger for a while.
  A few weeks ago however, she was taken down with rheumatic and stomach trouble.  On last Friday evening there were hopes of her recovery, but before morning she passed quietly away, not having the vitality necessary to endure the suffering of weeks.
  Miss Barclay was a young lady of lovable character and possessed many friends at the school and in town.  She lived with her parents on North Hanover Street, they having come to Carlisle since their daughter became a teacher with us.  The impressive funeral services, on Tuesday, were held in the Episcopal church, and the casket was completely covered with flowers.  The pall bearers were Martin Wheelock, Edwin Smith, John Warren, Thadeus Redwater, Hawley Pierce and Frank Scott, students at the school.  Her remains were taken to Beaver, this State, for interment, that being the early home of the family.
March 2, 1900 INDIAN HELPER.

   Nancy Wheelock who has been with us since Commencement on a little visit, returned on teh 9th of April to her post of duty at the Waterbury, Connecticut Hospital where she is taking a course in nursing.

April 1900 RED MAN AND HELPER p.4

  Martin Wheelock, John Lufkins, John Powlas and John Warren were the pallbearers at the funeral of baby Wheelock on Wednesday.

May 18, 1900 INDIAN HELPER.

Martin Wheelock, assistant in Small Boys' Quarters, has been spending a short vacation at Pen Mar, Maryland.

September 7, 1900 RED MAN AND HELPER.

  RETURNED FROM COUNTRY HOMES: Martin Wheelock (out for a vacation,) Alberta Gansworth, Willard Gansworth, (spent the summer at their home in New York State,) Thadeus Redwater, Josephine Jannies, Josie Morrell, Minnie Kane.
September 14, 1900 RED MAN AND HELPER.

The old students who returned last week with Mr. James Wheelock, from Oneida, Wisconsin, were Martin Wheelock, Wallace Denny, Joel Cornelius, Wilson Charles, Charles King and Louisa Cornelius. There were five others in the party - Isaac Powlas, Sadie Powlas, Annie King, Temon Cornelius, Chauncy Doxtator.

September 20, 1901 RED MAN AND HELPER.

The article in the Philadelphia Press  dated Sept. 14th, covers the situation regarding our prospective team so thoroughly that with permission of the author Glen S. Warner, we reprint in full:
    CARLISLE, Pa., Sept. l4-The candidates for the Carlisle Indian football team have now been training since September 4. and, although it has been very warm some rather hard work bas been done and there is a marked improvement in the way the candidates handle themselves.
   There is a vast difference in the material here at Carlisle and at other institutions.
   The boys here are out on farms all summer doing hard work, and as this has been an exceptionally warm summer, those trying for the team are all underweight and what might be termed over-trained and they have to be handled very carefully and trained up with the idea of putting weight on them instead of being trained and hardened, the way college teams should be whose candidates have been taking it easy during vacation and are generally soft and overweight.
  The Carlisle boys should carry on the average of about ten pounds more weight each than they do now, and in order to put that onto them they have to be handled very carefully during the warm weather of the early football season.
  The material here is very limited and as there are only three fellows in school that weigh over 175 pounds, and only four of last year's team here, and the majority of the candidates absolutely green beginners at the game, some idea can be formed by the task the coach will have to develop a polished team fit to put up a creditable battle against the best college elevens in the country.
  The boys have been training long enough to enable one to judge somewhat of their ability and some of the new players are showing up very well. It is not so much playing ability, speed and pluck that will be lacking as it is weight which is an essential to a football team.
  The old players who will be on the team are Hare, right end; Dillon, right guard; Wheelock, left tackle and Johnson quarterback. Of last year's substitutes who show promise of being valuable this year there are Williams, Lubo and Palmer. Yarlot,  Bender, Decora and Bradley also played on last year's scrub team and they should be of some help to the team this year as regulars or subs.
  The rest of the material is composed of green men who never handled a football before
   Of these Saunook, Sheldon, Shinbone,  Chatfleld, Tatiyopa and several others have been demonstrating that they only need experience and coaching to make good players.good players.
   The work so far has been mostly of a very  rudimentary nature, such as falling on the ball, punting and catching punts and tackling.
   There have also been several very short practice games to give the new men an idea of what the game is like and the men have been running down the field on kicks.
  This year, besides having Indians of different tribes from all over the United States represented, we have an interesting candidate for the team from Alaska, a very fine specimen of an Esquimeau, weighing about 160 pounds. He has hardly become acclimated yet, and the warm weather is a little too severe on
him, but he is strong and an earnest worker and he may develop into a good player.
  He has been playing center in the practice games.
Friday, Sept 20, 1901 RED MAN AND HELPER:

  Our Coach. Mr. Glen S. Warner, sizes up which will be of interest to the general reader whether an enthusiast in the sport or not. He says in the Philadelphia Press, under date of Sept. 27:
    Not very much advancement has been made by the Indians during the past week, but a much better idea can be formed of the playing ability of the thirty candidates which make up the football squad.
   It is gradually becoming apparent that the candidates who have real football makeups are rather scarce, and that the team will have to be made up of a few
real strong, aggressive players who can be always depended upon, and several places filled with players who would not stand a chance of making one of the
strong college teams.
  A great deal of work will have to be done to develop competent players for some of the positions, and it is to be hoped that the interest and spirit that a
few of the players have shown will have a beneficial effect on some of those that have the ability to make good players, but who have so far been rather indifferent in their efforts.
  A new candidate has appeared for center, who played substitute center two years ago.
  This player. Solomon Scrogg, is a great deal heavier then he was in ‘99, in fact, is too heavy at present, and will have to train down about twenty pounds in order
to be at his best.
  He should develop into a very good center and if he does it will permit the removal of Lubo from center to tackle. with the duties of the position ,and gets around a little faster he will make a good substitute.
  Chesaw and the Esquimeau do not play with enough vim and snap as yet to render them very valuable as centers. The two best guards, Wheelock and Dillon, have been unable to take part in  the practice during the week on account of injuries, and Wheelock may be out of the game for some time.
    On acount of these players being out of the scrimages, Bowen and White have had more chance to demonstate their ability as guards.
   These players have enough weight and strength, but they seem to lack aggressiveness and speed, and it is seldom that they do any tackling.
   They have been improving and may yet strike a faster gait.
   Williams, Flores and Lubo are so far the best tackles and their work has been very satisfactory.
   They all are hard workers and aggressive and they do more tackling than any other players on the field.
   Flores is rather light and inexperienced, but if he continues to play as he has he will secure a place to team and allow the removal of Williams to full-back where he would greatly strengthen the team.
   There are several candidates for ends but with the exception of Hare they are not a very fast lot and not very sure tacklers.
   It is rather hard to develop a good end from green material in one season and for that reason it may be that Beaver, who played half-back last season and who has lately returned from his summer vacation, may be used to fill one of the end positions.
   Bradley is the best of the new men trying for end and it may be possible that he will improve enough to allow Beaver to play behind the line.  Shinbone also shows up fairly well as an end, and if he develops a little more speed he will make a strong bid for one of the ends.
   Hare has not been playing in his old position as end very much as he has been trying to learn the quarter-back's duties with considerable success.  Johnson will probably be the regular quarter and he is one of the livliest players on any gridiron.
   He has developed into a strong player by always doing his best and working hard.  Sheldon has lately been tried at quarter, and when he becomes famliar with the duties of the position and gets around a little faster he will make a good substitute.
   Chatfield, Yarlott and Decora are so far the best half backs, although Saul would be as good or better if he could learn to hold the ball and not fumble so much.
   This has been the fault of nearly all the backs as is generally the case so early in the season.
   Chatfield is a strong, hard runner and has the necessary weight for a first-class back, and he is improving every day.
   Yarlott is a fast man, and follows interference well.
   He is also good as a defensive player.
   Wizi and LeRoy may also prove to be of service, and it looks as though we would not lack for half backs, although none of them are what could be called stars.
   Palmer, who was rather counted upon to fill the position of fullback, has fallen off in his work, and it may be that Williams will be taken from tackle and placed at fullback.
   Wallitsi and Charles are new men playing full back, and they may improve to such an extent that one of them can be used regularly.  Charles is rather light, but he is a good punter and the best drop kicker on the field.
   His line bucking qualities are as yet unknown.
   Bender and Fielder, who have been on the sick list and unable to try for the team, are improving and my recover their strength in time to yet secure a place on the team.
   The Indians may be scored on and perhaps beaten by some of the minor college teams in the practice games, but they should improve as the season advances so as to present quite a formidable front in the games with the larger colleges in the latter part of the season.

    October 4, 1901 Red Man and Helper.

 Captain Wheelock was not in good physical condition when the game began, but he lasted until the middle of the second half, when his knee gave out.

~anr1~ridg%,Mess.,(Ict. MR.-The Indians put up IL good fight today. That is t.hr best on% <:%n 8%)’ of their gnme against Harvard this afteruoon
The Hervnrd team averaged at least twenty-flyo pounds benviar than the Red men and this superipr weight w&s tllp meet important faotor in Harvard’s vic-
tory, by the score of 23 to 0. 
The Indians played the game all right, but they could not ward ofI the heavy charges of the Crimson backsand tackles, for Harvard used asucceesful tackle-back
Play On the whole, the Harvard attack was better than it was at this time last year, and there ismore concerted power behind the Ime.
Whenever Mdbrew or Kern&u went into the Indian line they kept their l’eet wonderfully well and struggled on for yards with the Indians hanging on to
their beck% instead of playing low Rnd stopping the sdvance.
The Indians tackled altogether too high, and this is “ue reason why the heavy Harvard backskere able to mdke 80 much ground after being tackled. An improvement in the Harvard attack is the w&y the men went direct at the line instsad of running olertn acroee the field bcfol’%-t&y turned in. This latter method of advancing the ball %%ems now to hr+Te been shelved at Harvard, and instead of end play% the coaches have developed a more business- like attack.
Harvard showed TV great deal of dash, and there w&s plenty of snap to the at- tack.
The Indian backs were uoL strong and w%r% of little use on the defensive. Thev broke tbrourrh. but seldom were fortunate enough to iapture t+h% man
with the ball. The Indians made a game rrtlly toward the end of ths first hah afterHarvard had saored two touch-downs.
Harvard wa% caught napping on n double pass with quarter-back Johsson taking the ball for &Z-yard run around Harvard’s right eud.
The lndirns then, by steady rushing, advanced the ball from the 30-yard line to Harvard’s &yard line, and time anpir- ed whil% the Red men were on their way
for &touchdown. This steady advance by the Indlziis di6: aloaed Harvard’s weakness on the defen- sive, for if Harvard could not stop our light team what can she be expected to do when she me%tsYal%orPennsylvsniaP The Crimson tam w&6 in flne physical condition, but Harvard put in five substi- tutes, while the Indians only put in three new men..
Tha Harvard men that IeIt the game were not done up phgtlieally, but when II player w&e %v%n %lighLly injured the coaobes sent in a,iresi1 In&II.

Martin Wheelock, an Oneida Indian who was graduated in 1902, and who has the distinction of having been twice captain of the football team at Carlisle, married a Carlisle girl, and is now a successful farmer in Wisconsin.

Palmer, the full-back was &o obliged to retire. Johnson at quarter-book pLay- ed by ftr the best game for the In&ma. Our ends did verv well in smashinlr un
Harvard’% con&t Interference, -a&l ‘Hsre played a fine game at right end. a

December 1910 RED MAN.

Hall, Moss
     Showdown on Christmas Day. [Newspaper clipping from the San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle regarding the "East-West Championship game" between the Carlisle Indian School and the University of California on Christmas Day 1899, with pictures mounted on 7 leaves, mentioning the names of Martin Wheelock (Oneida), Thaddeus Redwater (Cheyenne), Hawley Pierce (Seneca), Isaac Seneca, Jonas Metoxen (Oneida), Dr. Carlos Montezuma (Apache), and "Pop" Warner.} Clip
1972, Feb. 27
CI 1-1

Dennison Wheelock

wrote march for the class of 1903.

letter speaking out against the dawes act printed in red man and helper (p23) vol 10, May 1890 X:4 p. 7. "The Oneida Indian: His Right to become a Citizen Advanced: An Interesting and well written letter from a native Oneida on the Subject."
NARA folder #:   6003
bell #: