THE CHIEFS.

   Yes, they have “been and gone."
   Forty-one persons in all arrived Saturday afternoon. The party included:    Rev. Chas. Cook, Native Missionary, Robert American Horse and Clarence Three Stars old pupils of Carlisle, Chiefs American Horse Fast Thunder,. Spotted Horse, Fire Thunder, Big Road, Young-Man-Afraid-Of-His-Horses, Little Wound, Spotted Elk, White Bird, Grass,  Turning Hawk, He Dog, Capt. Geo. Sword, Chief of Police, and Louis Shangrau, and Baptiste Pourex, interpreters, all of Pine Ridge.
  Chiefs John Grass, Mad Bear, Louis Primaux, interpreter, and Mrs. Louis Primaux of Standing Rock ;
   Louis Richards, interpreter, Chiefs Hollow Horn Bear, Two Strikes, Good Voice, High  Hawk, Quick Bear, High Pipe, and He Dog, of Rosebud.
   Rev. L. C. Walker, Native Missionary David Zepher and Alex Rencounter, interpreters, Chiefs One-to-Play-With, Big Mane and Medicine Bull of Lower Brule;
   Chiefs White Ghost and Wizi of Crow Creek.
   Chiefs Little-No-Heart, Straight Head, and Hump of Cheyenne River.
   Some in the above list will be recognized as "friendlies.”
   Why have they been so called?
   Because in the recent disturbance among the Sioux Indians in Dakota, although they have felt for many years that they were being driven to the wall, promise after promise of the Government having failed to be carried out; although they have suffered abuse heaped upon abuse, still in the heat of the excitement when their homes were being burned by a frenzied mob of Indians excited to this condition by the presence of ten thousand soldiers, who were sent as they supposed to wipe the Sioux from the face of the earth, notwithstanding all this the leading men among them whose bitter experiences in former years had taught them that to fight the unmerciful whites would do no good, concluded it wise to smile and turn the other cheek also, and so have been denominated “friendlies.”
   Then there were hostiles in the party -- men who bore as kindly faces as the friendlies, but who, when starvation was threatening, and their little ones were dying daily because of not having proper care when sick and for want of food, hesitated for a time as to whether it were not better once more to fight for liberty and the right to live.
   While here, comfortable quarters were given them in the old chapel. Each man had a  bed and toilet set, the room was heated by steam, and they were made as comfortable as Carlisle could make them, and the chiefs themselves gave many evidences of appreciation of kindly attention from officers and pupils.
   Not until evening did they meet the whole school.
   Then all gathered in the new chapel where a little programme gotten up hastily in the afternoon was carried out.
   As the different boys and girls performed their several parts the Man-on-the-band-stand was greatly interested in watching the faces of his Indian friends.
   Some carried hearts too full of grief to admit of a show of pleasure. But others of the company allowed their countenances to light up with the joy that filled their hearts as they witnessed their own flesh and blood performing what seemed like miracles, and as one of the chiefs afterward expressed, in “just the same voice as white children.”
   Some of the dignified old gentlemen even clapped their hands as heartily as the rest of the audience.
   Three or four of the more conservative look-
ing, those, for instance, who had not taken pains to use the brushes and combs provided, as the well-kempt locks of American Horse proved that he had; still such as these stretched their necks and gazed with open mouths as well as eyes, so interested were they to see all and to catch every sound.
   Robert American Horse, son of the chief, and member of the first class of Indian pupils who came to Carlisle, was the first of the visitors to speak.
   Robert left the school long before he had finished the course; and with but a smattering of English, yet his friends were greatly surprised to hear him ask for an interpreter.
   The fact is, Robert’s life at home has been a most helpful one to his people.
   He is an Episcopalian catechist at a very important station, but uses the Indian language only, both in the service and in his preaching, so it is no wonder that he is losing the power to use English.
   Failing to secure an interpreter, however, he bravely came to the front with his little English, encouraged by an almost deafening round of applause from the students.
   He reminded the boys and girls at Carlisle that the door to knowledge is open for them, and he would have us all work and strive to be Christians as well as learned in books and trades.
   Clarence Three Stars, also one of that first memorable class who came to Carlisle eleven years ago, nearly all of whom were dressed in blankets:
   Ah, we remember them well!
   How they began with “box” and ‘boy” and “horse” and “Is the cow white?”
   Clarence followed Robert, but his remarks were brief. They showed however that he has been using his English more than Robert. Having served as assistant disciplinarian at the Pine Ridge Agency school for several years, he was obliged to. He is now a clerk in one of the stores, and has the name at the agency of being a steady, honest faithful and efficient worker in all that he finds to do.
   The speeches of the chiefs will be given in the coming Red Man.
   The party left on Monday night, well pleased with their small sojourn with us.

February 20, 1891 INDIAN HELPER


THE SCHOOL NEWS
August 1880
 
-Joshua, Elwood, Howard, Amos, Dan Tucker, Luther, Tom, Owen, Joe Taylor and Reuben are learning to play music on the brass band.  O, the horns are pretty.  I think that will be very nice to have a band here.


February 1881
 
  This little speech Reuben wrote all himself.  He spoke it in the chapel.  He is a small boy, and has been at this school only fifteen months.  He plays alto horn in the band very nicely.  He is a Sioux boy.
  "My friends I want to talk to you this time.  I came to this Carlisle school 15 months ago, when I first came I could not read or write, and I could not spell the words too, but I did study hard in my lessons that time, and I wish I will always study hard in my book every day.  Then I turned to learn at the band too.  I am very glad to go to school every day, and I am improving now, because I can spell some of the words by this time, now let us try to tell to help us the different people.  We want to get a good education, and when we are all done we will be very happy to see our relations and I think our people will be very glad.  I guess all we learn we can teach them.  I think that way every day and when the teacher tells me to do some thing I desire to remember all the time and I would wonder because I do not want bad thoughts.  I will try to do my best.  My friends I am very much gratified to say to you these few words.  So good bye."


September 1881
 
   ANNIVERSARY.
      ----
  Last evening October 6th the Indian Training School was two years old for the Indian education.  And the school gave an intertainment of the amusement and exercised by the boys and girls who have been here since the opening of school and just came from the camps not know any thing of civilization.  They have expressed more about what they wore and what they were doing before they came at the school.  And so about saying that they can speak now.  I wish to say a word or so.  Some spoke as they were earnest of learning and do what they are told and also saying what they will do when they go away from here.  But I am really alarm to say that they do not try as they should by saying they are trying hard and will try hard to learn.  Only one or two spoke last evening did it well as MY thoughts was, there were Ruben Sioux and Joe Taylor.  They tried to speak more distinct they could not of course.  But those two have been trying to learn in all thing they are to do.  I have noticed them myself.  The rest who spoke I have never heard use English language out their mouth only when they had to say a word or so.  But another thing they can hardly hinder themselves they are two many together of same tongue.
  MICHAEL BURNS.

December 1881
 
  HOW A LITTLE SIOUX BOY, 13 YEARS OLD, FEELS ABOUT TALKING ENGLISH.
                     -----------
  [Reuben could not speak a word of English when he first came here about two years ago. -ED.]
  MY DEAR FRIEND AUSTING:  - I received your letter yesterday and it made me feel glad.  Therefore I shall want to tell you a great many things.  Dear friend I wish you would try to speak only English now.  I know you improving fast than some of the other Sioux boys.  But you ndont try to speak only English therefore I am grieved for our relations sent us to learn the English language, therefore we must try to speak only English.  But so many Sioux boys get discouraged, and the other different tribes too but I wish allt eh Soux boys would try to speak only English now.  If they make mistakes in trying to say the words and if they will try to continue to say thm and if they don't get ashamed to say the wrods they will improved very fast but they all don't try to speak only English, but I htink taht is not right.  I read in the newspaper last Tuesday, and it says this way.  Mistakes will not hurt you and I believe that because it does not hurt us, when we make mistakes in trying to say the wrods, and someboyd laugh at us that is all right, because it does not hurt us.  So let su try to speak only English but I suppose you are ashamed that is the reason you don't try but I hope you will try to speak only English after this, and i hope I will try to speak only English too, and if we all will tyr to speak only English and continue in that way, Our Heavenly Father will help us, and bless us to do the right way if we ask him, someimes I pray to God that he will help yo to get strong again.  I feel very sorry alll the time that you are not well, but I hope you will pray to God always.  He will help you if you ask him.  Now that is all I shall say becuaase I have no more time now.  I am your friend.  REUBEN QUICK BEAR.