The non-commissioned officers as now settled upon for the present school year are:
  Sergeant-Major Richard Davis; Sergeants for Company A: Chester Cornelius, Dick Wallace, Joel Tyndall, Stacy Matlock, and Wm. Morgan.
  Corporals Brule I.E. Feather, Roland Fish, Samuel Keryte, Calls Horselooking, and Work Together.
  Sergeants for Company B: Frank Lock, Kish Hawkins, Luther Kuhns, Geo. Thomas, Timber Yellowrobe.
  Corporals Harvey Warner, Arrow R. Horse, Jos. Lone Wolf, Constant Bread, Frank Dorian.
  Sergeants for Company C: William Brown, Luke Phillips, Carl Leider, Otto Zotom, Phillips White.
  Corporals, Jessie Cornelius, Staley, Jonas Place, Albert Anderson, Chas. Wolf.

   September 30, 1887 INDIAN HELPER

 Tawkieh, Robert Matthews, and Roland Fish now on farms, have each sent ten cents for the INDIAN HELPER this week. They like to get the Carlisle school letter every week.

June 22, 1888 INDIAN HELPER

We hear through a San Carlos letter that Roland Fish, Obed Rabbitt. George Nyruah and Brian Early Bird are married.  Obed and Roland are working at a saw-mill about fifty miles from the Agency.  Madoc Wind is interpreting for the scouts.  Constant Bread works some at his trade shoe-making, but he also is interpreter for Capt. Bullis.  On the 6th of December there were six Indian men hung for committing crime.


Inspector Junkin,who has been visiting the San Carlos Apaches, in Arizona, reports to the Department at Washington, that it "gives me pleasure to make note of so many pupils of eastern training who are doing well and fairly well,.” Among those named as doing well are, Constant Bread, Jose Naedil, Madoc Wind, Randall Delchey, Roland Fish, Obed Rabitt, Reuben Whiteman, Hiram Doctor, and Ida Whiteface, all of whom have employment and wear citizen's dress. Brian Early Bird wears citizen’s clothes, but has no employment at present. George Nyruah, who was always getting into scrapes here is now in jail at Yuma. Michael Burns is reported as being a reliable man.

Charles Fish, a member of the Sophomore -class, has&ne_to the country for the remainder of the winter.
Jan 15, 1909 ARROW

Charles Fish, -who went to the country last winter has returned and rejoined the class, 1911.
April 23, 1909 ARROW

The Juniors held their monthly class meeting in the music room last Monday evening. Lewis Runnels acted as chairman. After the regular ‘business had been disposed or, the election of omcers was considered and acted upon. The following were elected: President, Jefferson Smith; vice-president, Emma LaVatta; secretary, Alvin Kennedy; treasurer, Moses Friday; reporter, Lewis Kunnels; sergeant-at-arms. Charles Fish. Each member was called upon to suggest a plan of work for the coming year. Jerome Kennerly gave some interesting and helpful suggestions, whereby we might raise our class to a higher standard. Emma La Vatta called attention to class’ spirit and deportment.
October 8, 1909 ARROW

Last Friday evening the Standards gave the following program: Declamation, John Jackson; essay, Alvin Kennedy; impromptu, Samuel Wilson; oration, Charles Fish. Debate: Resolved, “That women should have the right of suffrage.” Affirmative, Gus Welch and Albert Lore&z, negative, Harrison Smith and Montreville Yuda. The judges favored the affirmative. The official visitor was Miss Johnston.
November 12, 1909 ARROW

The Standards rendered the following program last Friday evening: Declamation, Alvin Kennedy; essay, John Jackson; impromptu, John Bastian; oration, Harrison Smith. Debate: “Resolved, That Edward H. Harriman has done more good for the United States than John D. Rockefeller.” Affirmative, Samuel Wilson and Johnson Enos; negative, Charles Fish and Harry Wheeler. The judges decided in favor of the negative. The official visitor for the evening was Miss Crosser.
December 17, 1909 ARROW

Charles Fish, a member of the Junior class who is taking a correspondence course in sign-painting from the International Correspondence School at Scranton, has just finished a set of signs for each of the shops, and they are fine ones, too.
Jan 14, 1910 ARROW

The Standards met at the usual time and place last Friday evening. The program was well handled, although given by new members. The question debated was: “Resolved, That homesteading in Canada is more harmful than beneficial to the United States farming industries.”The speakers for the affirmative side were Charles Fish and Seneca Cook, while in behalf. of the negative Tony Kenney and Gus Welch were the speakers. The judges decided in favor of the affirmative. Misses Schultz and Scott were the official visitors.
March 4, 1910 ARROW

Charles Fish writes to his friends that the world is treating him very well and that he is doing his best to merit the. treatment.
May 20, 1910 ARROW

Charles Fish, a member of the present Senior Class, returned from his home in South Dakota last Saturday evening.
January 18, 1910 ARROW

The Seniors, with every well member and several visitors present held their meeting on schedule time, November the fifth. There was a well-prepared program consisting of the following numbers: Class song, members; select reading, William Ettawageshik; declamation, Louis Du Puis; extemporaneous speeches, Robert Tahamont, Charles Fish; anecdotes, Spencer Patterson. Debate : Resolved. “That the jury system in the United States should be &&shed.,” The debaters for the affirmative side were Le Roy Redeagle and Louis Runnels; on the negative, Alfred De Grasse and Emma La Vatta. The judges awarded the victory to the affirmative side.
The last Standard meeting was unusually good; there was an excellent program and the debaters were well prepared. The program: Select reading, William Ettawageshik; oration, Charles Fish; declamation, James Lyons; impromptu, Noah Henry; clarinet duet, James Sampson and Joseph Ross. The question: Resolved, “That public libraries, art galleries and museums should be opened on Sunday.” For the affirmative, Reuben Charles and Edward Blackwood; negative, Lewis Runnels and Montreville Yuda. The afirmative side won. The official visitors were Messrs. Myer and Brown. Mr. Myer gave an excellent talk on “Preparing for the Future.” He also made some criticsms which we would do well to heed.
Dec 16, 1910 ARROW

Charles Fish, senior, gave adeclamation entitled “Victory in Defeat” last Mondag morning in the auditorium.
March 17, 1911 ARROW

Good Y. M. C. A. Meeting.
The Y. M. C. A. meeting was led by the young men of the Senior class, was one of the best of the year thus far. The service was opened by the newly-elected president, Sylvester Long, and then led by the former president, James Mumblehead. Those who took part were Wllliam Owl, who spoke on “Conference Work;” Edison Mt. Pleasant, “What the Y. M. C. A. has done for me;” Francis Coleman, “Christian Influence;” Jefferson Smith. “Benefits derived from Religion;” Charles Fish, “How the Y. M. C. A. will help a student; Alvin Kennedy, “The Results of bad influence;” Moses Friday, “Truth Conquers;” Jam_e__Mumblehead, ‘“Spiritual Strength.” Mr. Nagay cmade a few remarks, which there was a general handshaking and good-night.
March 24, 1911 ARROW

HIRTY years haye passed since
the class of 1911 assembled for the
last time on the campus of the
famous Indian School at Carlisle, Pa.,
and I, a more or less prosperous man,
more than content with the gay and
care-free life of a bachelor, have just
received an invitation to attend t-he
commencement exercises of the class
of 1941, about to be graduated from m,y
dear old Alma Mater. The experiences
consequent upon the acceptance of this
invitation constitute this prophecy.
As soon as I had received the invita-
tion whose coming was so unexpected,
I prepared for my journey and was soon
on the way. After a few days of tray-
cling, the end of my journey was reach:d
and I q-as met at the station and escorted
to the school by a young man who, no
doubt, had been responsible for the in-
vitation that brought me hither. Why
should this young man want me-an old
fel1o.v like me-here, I wondered, and
a glance at the card he had given me
solved the mystery; for, on the bit of
cardboard was engraved “Alfred De-
Dinner wa’s the first thing on the pro-
gramme, and, very m-illingly, I was led
to the Dining Hall, where I looked i
ahout me -withy curiosity and interest.
Things had changed, but for the better;
CaFliFIPLPPn;nnnDrPith the wh
of civilization, had abandoned the old,
reliable stand-by of former days, the
gravy, and had adopted a more up-to
date bill of fare. The menu of this, my
first dinner at old Carlisle after so great
a lapse of time, was as follows: Half-
shelled oysters with Limburger cheese,
Calf Brains on Toast, Owl Pie, Pota-
toes and Onions, Fish, Ice Cream and
Cake, Coffee, and Pickled Goose Eggs.
After such a meal, partaken of in the
classic shades .of the Dining Hall,
crowded with tender memories, I was
quite ready to retire for the night.
The next day found me in the Gym,
where tie graduating exercises
held, as was the custom in my day.
The~immense room was decorated ltith-
the banners of the classes of by-gone
years and with~_?ther adornments suited
to the occasion. From far and near a
great assemblage of friends and w-ell-
wishers had gathered to watch the Indi-
an youth receivehis diploma -the token
that he was able, thanks to the school,
to take his place in the world’s proces-
sion. The programme was successfully
carried out and the mass of humanity
vanished, leaving me alone in the de-
serted room. Vaguely I looked around,
my heart t-orn with memories both gay
and sorrowful; and finally my eyes fell
on a lavender and white banner, bearing
the inscription“1911-Truth Conquers.”
Faded and soiled, still it hung there, all
that was left to remind this generation
that the class of 1911 had once worked
and frolicked in these same halls. With
bared head and tears filling my eyes, I
stood before the faded banner; in a low
tone, I murmured, “Many years have
come and gore since you last floated
over the heads of the sturdy youths who
carried you tiith so much pride. A
great class was the class of 1911; a great-
er or nobler class can never be found,
search where one will; may they all
have conquered by truth.” Then I
slowly turned away, glad that once
more I had looked upon our faded ban-
ner; but filled with memories which
brought tears to my eyes and longing
to my heart to see once again the class-
mates of my youth. .Tp hide my emo-
tion, I hastened to my room, where,
laying my head down upon the table, Ia
gaye myself up to a flood of meniories.
Soon I fell asleep, and, In my slumber,
I dreamed this dream:
I determined to make a tour of the
world, if .necessary, and visit each and
e\-ery one of my dear old classmates, to
see where fortune had led them and
what sort of lives they had case&out
for themselves. Accordingly, 1 left
Carlisleand went straight to the city of
New York and in a twinkling of an eye
I was in the vast city, an excited sight-
seer in famous Wall Street. This was
a new experience, and I kept turning
my head in this direction and in that,<
really t%king nothing in, until my gaze
was transfixed by a sign which read, “L.
H. Runnels, Physical Culture.” Eager-
ly I entered the large building and met
Louis who was surprised and overjoyed
to see me. He took-me to his house,
where, what was my Surprise on behold-
ing Nan Saunooke. What luck! to hap-
pen upon two oft my classmates& the
outset of my journey-two so happily
married and so prosperously situated.
Mr. Runnels, after a long sojourn in
Greece, the home of physical perfection,
had become-one of the foremost physi-
cal culture instructors in the world.
‘Where shall I go n&t,“asked I,“ to
find tilore members of -our illustrious
class?’ My host bade me go to Mon-
treal, and, without further instructions,
I departed. Arrit-ed at my destination,
fate carried me to the Bureau of Infor-
mation where I found my old friend %Vil-
liam, Ettawageshik, his broad grin half
cbndaled by a well-trimmed mustache
which bore a rather close resemblance to
an old paint brush. There was no need
for further inquiries; my quest, for the
moment, was accomplished; and I staid
with William,who entertained me right
royally. While at his house, ihe head-
lines of a newspaper attracted my at-
tention- “ The Walk-d-mobile Ship
Flight, ” one line read, Finding that this
flight was to occur in Atlanta, Ga., I lost
no time in hastening thither, and soon was
gazing in awe-s&k admiration at the
wonderful modern machine. Equipped
with both legs and wings the machine
would run a short distance and then fly,
puffing like a Steam engine, all the while.
The pilot of one of these inventions had
to be a steady, graceful, and cool-headed
man, so I was not overwhelmingly sur-
prized, at the end of the curious race, to
iind them winner- none -other t-han my
friend William Owl, of pleasant mem-
ory. Nothing would do, after the.first
greetings were over, but that I should
go with him in the Walk-o-mobile. _
Half frightened, half jubilant, I em- --
barked; we flew and walked, walked and
flew, over land and ocean, and at last I
found myself in Japan at the home of
my former classmate, now the wealthy_
owner of a vast toothpi’ck factory. Shar-
ing his home was I&-l-en L. Lundquist,
now MeTnd t-w
of some fascinating little owlets. In
spit? of my’ joy at being once more with
my old friends, I lodged for the good
old United States, for I was a stranger
to the ways of Japan; accordingly,_l
made but a short visit at the Owls’ nest
and set sail for home in a good old-fash-
ioned steamer.
Luck. has always followed me when-
ever I read a petiodical, and at this point
1 was not disappointed, for, one day, I
found in a Chicago magazine, a picture
that I thought I surely knew. Without
an instant’s hesitation, I hastened to the
metropolis of the West. Up to a cele-
brated stuc%i~&&, and found, as I
expected, that our classmate Charles Fish
was posing there for artists;- as-&e only
typical Indian living. But all the credit
for his ezpcpre_ssive and gradeful- postwe&_
was due neither’to hi6 nor‘-to the‘artigt,
for his better half was with lim, making
suggestions. In her I joyfully-recog-
&ed M_inmie W?lie,,-am2therclass: --
During my stay with the Fishes, we went,
one evening, to a circus, where we great-
ly admired the acting and wit of the head
clown. Meeting him later without paint children were playing in the orchard;
and powder, we found to our unbounded and from the house came the sweet and
aniazenwnt that he was our own Fred familiar strains of “Yankee Doodle,”
Leicher, 110~~ become a great actor in’ his whistled by feiilinine lips. N&d I tell
special line and bearing proudly on his you that the farmer and his wife were
breast a medal to show that he had piay- Emma La Vatta and AIfred DeGrasse?
ed acceptably before the crowned heads Alfred still retained the familiar easy-
of the world. His life was not bare of going movement, which distinguished
romance, in spite of his profession. for him in our school days. Mr. DeGrasse in-
he shyI>- told us that he \\-as in love with vited me to take a journey with him into
the snake charmer of the circus-naturai- Ken,tucky to visit a stock farm in which
iy a fascinating creature. he was much ‘interested. I gladly did
It had been spring lrhen 1 hegall m! so and found that the farm was one of
wanderings. now it was JuI\-. and I, the show places of Kentucky, cele-
being I\-eary, v\-ent fol- a rest to Atlantic brated chiefly for its mules! At the_Ilouse
City, heloved of my youth. One day as we were met by a kind. gentle-mannered
I sat hy the unfathomable sea. thinking man whom I did not at tirst recognize
over the successful and happy iii-es of 1111 as _James William Mumhlehead, hut his
classmates, and wondering if I, after all, wife I knew at once as I:stelle Eli;&
were not the most unfortunate of them all The latter had become a “suffragette,”
since I had persistently turned my back her rare gift of eloquence and her person-
on the god Cupid, I heard a cultured al charms making her fainous through-
voice behind me say, “Lovely one, if out Ken tuck_v.
you only knebv how dear 5-nu are to me! Denver, Colorado, wa.i my next stop-
you are my ii3e, my sour. my all!” So ping place; ind there, qliite by accident,
engrossed was he, that I passed unobserv- I penetrated into the ofice of a lawyer
ed, but before I stole away I gave one who. though quite old enough to know
glance at him and beneath his dudish better, was doing nothing more nor less
exterior, I saw an old friend. “Old than “holding hands” with his steno-
Deacon Mose Friday has got it bad, gcapher.
too, ” I said to myself.
‘Xlas! the typewriting lessons
Fearing that my taken by Eliza Keshena, while a senior
superior charms might cut short the at Carlisle, had born only this fruit! she
glowing hopes of Mr. Friday, I left had succumbed to the handsome eyes and
without making _mpelf knpwn,_ and ~~-inuing~~a\-s~~fl~~r~en~plo!-er. _ldjd~l*_t
went to Baltimore to witness the de- stay to see whether she knew me or not
parture of the American track team for btit faded away as quietly as I entered.
-~~ the Oiymplan games. Everyoneof the l%i-fie adventures 111 Denver did not
emu- was b hid end niththis pilliul experience: in tile
the athletes God-speed on their journey business section of the great city, I
to Greece was loud in praises of the found a much needed laundry and has-
team’s coach and trainer, Louis Dupuis, tened in to make arrangements for some
the “medicine-ma$&_hanhe -called necces.sar_y lauurlrl _ ._ I. crnrb Two seem-
because of the magical way in which he ingly native-born Mongolians were pre-
trained his men to win every event. I siding over the busy rooms; clad in
had time for just a word bvith Lew and Chinese costume, wearing the pigtail the
learned from him that, had I been in sign of their race, and speaking Chinese
Baltimore the night before, I would ha1.e with great fluency, they would have
heard the wonderful Mrs. Sousa, wife passed anywhere for Chinese; but 111j-
of John P. Sousa, Jr.L leader of Sousa’s eye trained at Carlisle saw at once that
famous band, perform a wonderful in-
$ strumental solo. Young Mrs. Sousa,
they were not real Mongolians, but
were masqueraders. Looking at them
said Lew, was none other than Sheiah sharply, 1 gleefuly recognized in Push-
- Guthrie. push-ling as his workmen called him,
From Baltimore, chance led my steps Robert TahaLnont,.and in Hop-sing, Ed-
to Missouri, and I traveled slowly thro ison Mt. Pleasant. What a merry chat
the beautiful Missouri valley, until I we had, after the two imposters had di-
stopped entranced before a well kept vested themselves of costume and queue _.. c _ . .= ..f-mit‘Far&~ cw;m_.i,e&‘-;t~, ?-‘a& a&.+-.-. _ _~ __,r_ . _
W?i h&d ~gZ&DiXE iiro&;.
thrift, and happiness. A proud and After Denver, came Keno, of course,
happy farmer, with an expression of r and there-I-stumbled into a crewofftal-
~ proud~ satisfaction, -&s. -ti=musc _I tiikitTg repairS & -rdi-I roa&ack.
have had when he said “I c?me, I saw, The boss of this foreign crew interested
I conquered,” was walking about ex- me particularly, for his form, as broad
amining his laden trees; sturdy, happy as it was long, seemed st&gely fa-

miiiar. As 1 drew near. I found that it
was, as I hadsuspected, the stately figure
of Alein Kennedy at which I was look-
ing. From telegraph&, he had grown
to be “Section Boss,!’ a post foi which- 1
thought him eminently well fitted: but
he confided to me. in strict confidence
that it was only over his men that he
*was “boss”; at home, he himself work-
ed under the direction of a certain “fair
creature” know as Mrs. Kennedy.
Alvin was not the only classmate whom
I was to meet in Keno. One day while
in a store, a salesman entered and began
to display a remarkhly choice line of
toothpicks. He earnestly besought the
merchant to adopt this line, assuring him
that the toothpicks were made of wood,
well-seasoned and guaranteed under the
Food and Drug Act of 1906. Interested
by the eloquence of the ancient, tooth-
pick-ed man, I had drawn nearer and
nearer lo him, when we mutually recog-
nized- each other. The salesman was
_ Spencer Patterson anX he seemed, for
some reason, to he amused at the fact
that I was still -in existence. Xpencei
had married an‘ Oklahoma beauty, he
told me, and had a home in that state.
_He seenled greatly attacl_u&to the ~~-
toothpick business, but his attachment
to the fair lady at home was stillgreateri-
so he was eagerly awaiting a satisfac-
tory sale that he might get back. ~ __
Again the seaso,< has changed.
Gray, dismal November has .taken trle
place of smiling, sunny June. In the late
*ternoon of a November daJ;7-reached
St. Louis, still pursuing niy quest of the
class of 1911. Nothing could he done
in the evening, I thought, so I bought,
-wit& di&uity, a ticket for the &a& ~
Opera. The curtain rose, and a beaute-
ous maiden began to charm the audi-
ence with her clear, sweet tones. ‘The
audience sits entrtinced and tlx si_nger ~
recei yes tumultuous applause. The
Opel-a goei on, now solemn, now gay,
and at last the chief actor of the per-
formance appears-his acting, not his-’
singing, wins for him the cheers of the
audience. With a heart nearly bursting
with pride I recognize Maiziebeile Skye
and Francis Coleman. After the opera, I*
was introduced to the better half of each,
and we talked orer~oid times until cock-
that’. untimely as the hour was, the belt
boyq and porter-were-h~~c~~~ _
-baggage- through the COI ridors.?&?31Z
‘the trunks was some sign or emblem to
indicate that these were the trunks of a
“Newlywed”. Curiosity led me to the
.___ -
..~_~ _..-~
parlor, where I stood unobserved for a
moment saying to myself, “Behold, the
bride cometh!” A burst of *me.rriment:
the doors were flung wide; -and with
much pomp and ceremony ,there entered
Leroy Kedeagle and his fair young
bride. When the party had dispersed,
I was informed by the hotel clerk that
the bridegroom was the Mayor of San
Francisco, and that the bride was the
great-great-great-granddaughter of the
Czar Nicholas 11.
This merry wedding party was a
fitting close to the panorama thqt had
passed before me as I lay sleeping at
old Carlisle, The dinner call aroused
me and I sat back in my chair wonder-
ing whether it were a dream or reality
through which I had been living.
Again the forms of my classmates came
before me, not old, but crowned with
immortal youth as young and vigorous
THE old Guard House, known among the students as the “White
House” from its dazzling white-washed front, is a place of historic interest dating back to Revolutionary
times. History tells us that it was built by the Hessians whom General
Washington captured at Trenton in 1776. These prisoners were all sent to Carlisle,
and, while here as prisoners of war, they were set to work building barracks. That
may all be true; one does not presume to dispute history; but tradition and rea-
son tell us that this old, historic “White House” was a conspicuous part of the
British barracks erected at Carlisle as far back as 1770. The crowns surmounting
the towers of the building show that this latter story must be the correct one. Be
that as it may, these barracks, no matter who built them, were occupied by troops
of cavalry and artillery down to 1860, and at all times the-“White House” has served
its purp& ‘-In the.year 1861-again I quote history-these barracks were burned, the old Guard House alone being
spared. In 1878, they were rebuilt enlarged and beautified and made the home of the government training school for
the Indian youth. As this institution -has adopted a &stem of militarv guard
duty, what is more natural than that the ~ofdf;fiard House-sbou‘ld contin.- tofuf---m
~fi-ll?ts mission and-serve as tl&nzadquar----ters for the guards.
The building is situated at the south-eastern entrance of the school reservation,
just opposite the east end of the academic building, and about a mile northeast of
the town of Carlisle. The building is of stone and brick, about seventy-&\-e by thirty-five feet,
with a height of about twenty-five feet. The walls are six feet thick and support
a heavy coircave ceiling. A gloomy structure it is, lighted with but two win-
dows, three by four feet, and a feii- portholes.
.3t the extreme east end of this dismal pile, is a cell divided from the rest of
the building by a brick partition with a heavy door barred with iron. There
are few to sing the praises of this cell which plays SO important2 par-t_-ir+our.-_--
scl?o,lhistoi~~, left~io~-y& h&m_ ;II
ble chronicler to immortalize its charms
beams. ” -EMMA LA\‘AT.TA. in rain. ” -CHARLES FISH.

Mazie L.Skye, Seneca... =.
Estella W. Ellis, Sac & Fox.
Elizabeth Keshena, Menominee.
Emma D LaVatta, Shoshoni. ~~_
Minnie 0. White, Mohawk.
Ellen L. Lundquist, Menominee.
Nan E. Saunooke, Cherokee.
-Edison P. Mt. Pleasant, Tuscarora-. ~~
Louis Dupuis, Sac & Fox.
J ames W. Mumblehead, Cherokee. ~_~__
Lewis H. Runnels, Sanpoil.
Leroy Red Eagle, Quapaw.
Spencer Patterson, Seneca.
Jefferson B. Smith, Gros Ventre.
Moses L. Friday, Arapaho.
l7 ~anc&E333leman, c-hipp-ara;~
Charles L. Fish, Sioux.
Alvin W. Kennedy, Seneca.
Robert J. Tahamont, Abenaki.
Fred E. Leichey, Stockbridge.
William J. Owl, Cherokee.
William J, Ettawageshik, Ottawa.
Alfred L. DeGrasse, Mashpee. ~~ -~~
APRIL 21, 1911 ARROW

CHARLES FISH, ex-student, writes
from Lower Brule, South Dakota, as
follows :
..~ _ _~~~ “I am always interested in
the happenings at Carlisle. I wish
to say to the school that Carlisle
education is a beneficial thing to those
who are honest and persistent work-
ers. I ‘was unfortunate. enough to
splendidly with his work as a clerk
in a bank, but he often thinks of his
have a spell of illness on returning classmates and-of his teachers at
from Carlisle, but am better now. ” Carlisle.
October 6, 1911 ARROW

Indians Aiding the Government in Indian Uplift

ACCORDING to the report of official changes authorized by the Civil Service Commission in the Indian Service for the
months of October and November, 1911, the following Carlisle returned students and graduates received appointment:
Name: Residence: Position Location:
Ida Elm
Wm. J. Owl
Pearl Wolfe
Samuel J. Mclean
Fred Cornelius
Robert McArthur
Ezra Ricker
Blake Whitebear
Roland Fish
Theo. McCauley
Henry Markishtum
John Goslin
Mattie TenEyck
Maud E. Murphy
Eugene Fisher
Star Bad Boy
N. C.
N. C.
S. D.
Chief Police
Shoe & Harness maker
Industrial assistant
Assistant matron
Forest guard 
Springfield, S.D.
Cherokee, N.C.
Cherokee, N.C.
Chey. & Arap., Okla.
Mt. Pleasant, Mich.
Wahpeton, N.D.
Ft. Peck, Mont.
Crow Agency, Mont.
San Carlos, Ariz.
Winnebago, Neb.
Neah Bay, Wash.
Carlisle, Pa.
 Hoopa Valley, Cal.
Leech Lake, Minn.
Tongue River, Mont.
White Earth, Minn.

In nearly all the positions noted above, it will be seen that the  work which these young people are doing is educational and altruistic.   During the last two weeks, just before this has been written, five other students received appointment through regular civil service channels, having taken the examination and passed with good averages. One obtained the position of instructor in cooking, and another as teacher. The other three obtained positions as clerks, at salaries ranging from $720 to $900 per annum.
     More and more the personnel of the Indian Service is being recruited from Indians. Our Indian schools are furnishing their quota as instructors and employees. The Carlisle School alone has more than 300 of its graduates and returned students occupying official positions in the Service, as superintendents, teachers of academic work, instructors in industrial work, and as clerks, field matrons, etc. This is encouraging.
      A larger proportion of the positions in the Service will ultimately be filled by Indians, who will, in that way, be working out  the salvation of their race by acting as teachers and leaders of their people, This is the ultimate goal of our stewardship in the Philippine Islands, where the Filipinos are being given responsible official positions as rapidly as they show themselves capable and trustworthy. Finally, it is expected that most of the positions there in the Government service will be filled by Filipinos.
     Surely, this must inevitably be the case in the Indian Service. It is gratifying to note that wherever Indians are given a trial and are qualified for the work they undertake, they make excellent records. This is most remarkable, when it is considered that the Government first seriously attempted to educate the Indians only about thirty years ago. A large part of the progress and development of the oboriginal Americans must be dated from that time.
     The latest figures given indicate that there are now about 1800 Indians in the Indian Service. They are rendering splendid service, and when the Indian problem shall have been a thing of the past, the verdict will necessarily be that the Indians themselves have had a very large share in solving it.