I saw Captain and Miss Nana on Saturday morning. The Captain looked over the exhibit but did not say anything about it. The Fair has full attendance every day and I have many questions to answer at the exhibit. The other day a visitor asked if it were a Chinese exhibit and whether the wagon was made by a Chinese.  He soon learned by looking around that every thing was Indian make. One of the comic scenes on Midway this week was a wedding procession in the streets of Cairo. The camels
and donkeys made a funny sight as they moved along. An Angel has come to live with us in Miss Folsom’s family. Angel Decora, a Winnebago girl, who is attending Smith College. She makes a new and interesting element in the household. Mr. Edwin Bender, of Philadelphia, called last Wednesday at the exhibit. He is the father of Miss Bender. Mr. J. B. Given called on
Thursday. The Misses Cook, sister to our former teacher Miss Mary H. Cook from Dalington has been to see the exhibition.

September 15, 1893 INDIAN HELPER.

Transcription of Carlisle Indian School news papers by Linda Waggoner


The Indian Helper, Vol 15, November 8, 1898 [date needs to be verified]


An Indian Angel.


            In the Music and Art column of a recent number of the Philadelphian we see that the work of the students of the summer school connected with the art department of Drexel Institute is now on exhibition, and the results as a whole are eminently satisfactory.  It is all so good that it is difficult to make comparisons, but some pieces are unusually fine.  Miss Angel de Cora exhibits several sketches, two of which are to be used by Harper's Monthly to illustrate an article from her pen.  They may be said to be the gems of the collection and are remarkably strong work for a student.

            It will be remembered that Miss De Cora is a Winnebago Indian maiden, graduate of Hampton.  She visited Carlisle a few years since impressing all with her womanly grace and intensity of purpose.


The Indian Helper, November 3, 1899 [date needs to be verified]




            We see by a small leaflet sent out by the Atlantic Monthly giving a summary of important contributions to appear in early issues, that:

            "Miss Zitkala-Sa, a young Indian girl of the Yankton Sioux Tribe of Dakota Indians, who received her education in the East, has written "The Memories of an Indian Childhood."  These unique and genuine records of the mind of an Indian child are told precisely in her own words, in which the slight flavor of the foreign tongue will be perhaps detected.  The second paper will describe her life in the Indian schools, and bear in the most interesting way upon the problem of Indian education."

            Zitkala-Sa, interpreted from the Sioux tongue into English means, Red Bird, and is Miss Simmons' Indian name.  Miss Simmons was or our corps of teachers a year ago and has since been taking a course of violin instruction at the Boston Conservatory.  She is a fine violinist.  If her interesting articles get into such papers as the Atlantic Monthly her reputation is made along literary lines.  We understand that she is writing a series to be illustrated by a Hampton Graduate--Angel Decora, a young Indian maiden of the Winnebago tribe who has been studying in Philadelphia for some time and is making a name and fame as an artist.  Thus the Indian is entering into the highest and best places.  We are not content to be mediocre.

            We are not content to whip the lesser college teams at football, for instance, but some of the "big four" must succumb to our skill and training.  So the "big four" in literature, art, and science, will find ere long among them the Indian, who climbed to the top through the same drill, experience and hard knocks, that men and women of fame usually have to pass through.


Red Man & Helper, Dec. 1899 [date needs to be verified]


            Several years ago St. Nicholas published "Recollections of the Wild Life" by Dr. Charles A. Eastman, a Sioux.  This year two of the leading literary magazines print among their special announcements for 1900 the names of two young Indian girls.  Harper's Magazine announces "Indian Tales," written and illustrated by Miss Angel Decora, of which it says, "These naïve tales of the North American Indian assume inherent value and importance from the fact that the author is herself a native Indian girl."

            Miss Decora, a Winnebago, is a graduate of Hampton and of Smith College Art School, a pupil of Mr. Howard Pyle, and now a student at the Cowles Art School, Boston.  She herself says that she does not regard her literary work seriously, but intends to make art her life-work.  Two of her sketches with accompanying pictures have appeared in Harper's during the past year, and the soul in her Indian faces, particularly the brooding, wistful look in the sweet face of "Grey Wolf's Daughter," in the November number, is not easily forgotten.

The Indian Helper, Vol 15, No 24, April 13, 1900

            Then through the kindly intercession of our artist friend, Angel de Cora, we had a morning at the art museum, and at another time we were taken through the splendid "Youth's Companion" building, by the courtesy of Mr. Chamberlain, one of the editors.  The few "imps" among us were seen to look carefully at the other "devils" in the building, and to size up the improvements in the various departments, so they will undoubtedly bring valuable hints to the inky sanctum upon their return."


The Red Man and Helper, Vol 18, No 1, July 25, 1902


            "Old Indian Legends Retold by Zitkala-Sa," is a charming addition to our American folk-lore stories.

            The stories are admirably told, the quaint phraseology of the Dakota, and many naïve expressions being retained, which only one who was born to the language could reproduce.

            The author has a gift for bringing scenes before the reader with a few vivid sentences in words of unusual simplicity, and this power serves her well in the "Legends."

            The illustrations by Angel Decora are extremely good, especially those depicting the personified spider, Iktomi (around whom the Sioux weave numberless legends,) his tricky character, half clown, half knave, are well shown in face and figure.

            Bound in Indian red, crossed by a band of white and green imitating bead work, the book is complete in its attractiveness.

            We are glad to know that another volume is soon to follow this one.


The Red Man and Helper, Vol 18, No 12, Friday, October 3, 1902.


            Volume VI of Larned's History, for ready reference, has just been added to the school library as well as several other new books--three copies of Zitkala Sa's "Old Indian Legends," and Mary C. Judd's Wigwam stories; the last mentioned are illustrated by Angel De Cora, an educated Winnebago maiden.  An English-Dakota dictionary, by John P. Williamson is also an addition.


The Red Man and Helper, Vol 18, No 23, Friday, December 19, 1902


            Miss Angel De Cora, of New York City, has been visiting friends and relatives at the school for a few days.  Miss De Cora is a Winnebago Indian woman, who graduated from Hampton, Virginia a few years ago, and has attained considerable repute as an artist having illustrated books and magazines.  Some of her paintings at the Buffalo exposition attracted the attention of picture loving people.  Miss De Cora is a plain unassuming young woman who is quietly working her way, in the Metropolis of this country.

************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 1, No 36, Thursday, May 4, 1905


Improvement, Not Transformation.


Hon. Francis E. Leupp


Commissioner of Indian Affairs.


            It seems to me that one of the errors good people fall into in dealing with the Indian is taking it for granted that their first duty is to make a white man out of him.  If nature has set a different physical stamp upon different races of men, it is fair to assume that the variation of types extends below the surface and is manifested in mental and moral traits as well.  No intelligent teacher at Hampton Institute, for example, need be warned to confuse the Indian with the Negro.  In his mind the differentiation is distinct.  The contrast between the Negro, with his pliant fancy, his cheerful spirit under adversity, his emotional demonstrativeness, his natural impulse to obedience, and his imitative tendency, and the Indian with his intense pride of race, his reserved habit, his cumulative sense of wrong, and his scorn for the anti-patriarchal ways of the modern world, is as marked as that between shadow and sunshine.

            Scarcely less plain is the line—not the line of civilization and convention, but the line of nature—between the Indian and the white man.  What good end shall we serve by trying to blot out these distinctions?  How is either party to be benefited by the obliterations?  When we have done our best artificially to make the Indian over into a white man, we have simply made a nondescript of him.  Look among your own companions in life, and say whom you more sincerely respect—the person who has made the most of what nature gave him, or the person who is always trying to be something other than he is?  Have you ever seen a man with a heaven-born genius for mechanics, who did his best possible work in the world by trying to practice law or to preach?  However fairly he may have succeeded, by sheer force of will, in compelling courts and congregation to listen to him, could he not have done a greater service to his own generation and to posterity by addressing all his energies to the solution of some great problem in engineering?  Did you ever see a woman who had the divine gift of home-making, and whose natural forte was to stimulate a husband and train a family of children to lives of usefulness, yet who contributed a larger share of happiness to mankind by becoming a social agitator?  These are everyday illustrations in point.  Any reader can call to mind a dozen instances within his own experience, some pitiful and some amusing, which tend to the same conclusion.

            Now, how are we to apply this philosophy to the case of the Indian?  Are we to let him alone?  By no means.  We do not let the soil in our gardens alone because we cannot turn sand into clay; we simply sow melon-seed in the one and plant palm trees in the other.  It does not follow that we must metamorphose whatever we wish to improve.  Our aim should be to get out of everything the best it is capable of producing; and in improving the product it is no part of our duty to destroy the source.  What would be thought of a horticulturalist who should uproot a tree which offers a first-rate sturdy stock, simply because its natural fruit is not of the highest excellence?  A graft here and there will correct this shortcoming, while the strength of the parent trunk will make the improved product all the finer, besides insuring a longer period of bearing.  We see analogy well carried out in the case of an aboriginal race which possesses vigorous traits of character at the start.  Nothing is gained by trying to undo nature’s work and do it over, but grand results are possible if we simply turn her forces into the best channels.

            The Indian character is often misjudged because studied from poor specimens.  As Americans, we are quick to resent the criticisms passed upon us by foreign tourists who have never visited us in our homes, and whose impressions of our whole people have been gained from chance acquaintances picked up at hotels and in public conveyances.  On our own part, if we wish to know more of the Italian people, for instance, we do not visit the pauper colony of Rome, not accept as the standard type of the nation the lazzaroni who swarm around the quays of Venice.  In like manner, if we are to treat the Indian with justice, we must not judge him by the hanger-on about the edges of an agency, or by the lazy fellow who lounges all the day, in the gambling-room of a frontier town.  To get at the real Indian, we have got to go back into the wilder country where white ways have not penetrated.  There we find him a man of fine physique; a model of hospitality; a kind parent; a genial companion; a staunch friend; and a faithful pledge-keeper.  Is not this a pretty good foundation upon which to build?

            In have no absurd idea of painting the Indian as perfect in character, or even well on the road toward perfection.  Against his generosity as a host, must be balanced by his expectation that the guest of today will entertain him in return tomorrow; his courage in battle is offset by his conviction that any means are fair for outwitting, and any cruelty permissible in punishing, an enemy.   The duty of our higher civilization is not forcibly to uproot his strong traits as an Indian, but to induce him to modify them: to teach him to recognize the nobility of giving without expectation of return, and to see true chivalry in good faith toward an active foe and mercy for a fallen one.  The pugnacity and grit which commands our admiration on the battlefield, the readiness to endure hunger and fatigue and cold for the sake of making a martial movement effective, are the very qualities which, turned toward some better accomplishment than bloodshed, would compel success; it is therefore our part, not to destroy them, but to direct them aright.  We accuse the Indian of maltreating his women because he expects them to cultivate the corn, and fetch the water from the spring, and carry the burdens on the march.  We do not always pause to reflect that this is after all a matter of convention rather than of moral principle.  When the chase was the Indian’s principle means of getting food for his camp, his women were absolved from any share in his arduous enterprises; and in war, offensive or defensive, he has always provided well for their protection.  Our attitude toward this subject ought to be that, in a game-striped country, farming, lumbering, or herding must take the place of hunting, and that the same prowess his fathers showed in pursuing game, the Indian of today must bring to bear upon his new livelihood.

            We make sport of the Indian’s love of personal adornment, forgetting that nature has given him an artistic instinct of which this is merely the natural expression.  What harm does it do him that he likes a red kerchief around his neck, or feels a thrill of pride in the silver buckle on his belt?  Does not the banker in New York wear a scarf-pin and a watch chain, and fasten his linen cuffs with links of gold?  The highest of us is none the worse for the love of what is bright and pleasant to the eye.  Thousands of sympathetic responses greeted the protest of Henry Ward Beecher when Commodore Vanderbilt ordered all the brasswork on the locomotives of his railroad painted over, because the engineers and stokers spent so much time polishing it.  “I should not wonder,” said the great pulpiteer, “if this order cost the railroad more than it could possibly save, in the damper it casts upon the enthusiasm of the trainmen.  Who could feel any affection for a great, hulking, black brute of an engine?”  Our duty is plainly not to strangle the Indians artistic craving, but to direct it into a channel where its satisfaction will bear the best fruit for himself and the world.

            Some years ago I was with a white friend among the Moquis in Arizona.  We were looking at some of the earthenware made on the Walpi Mesa, course and rude, in quality, but ornamented with much elaborateness with symbolic figures of serpents, and lightning, and clouds and dropping rain.  I remarked on the symmetrical grace of the outline of a certain vase.

            “Yes,” my friend answered, “it is well enough; but the Indian who made that would have been better employed hoeing in his corn patch at the foot of the Mesa.”

            I confess to a little shock.  Here was a piece of work showing a real artistic spirit.  Hoeing corn is all right, but we cannot all hoe corn.  Some of us most teach, and some write for the press, and some sell goods, and some build houses.  We are all equally producers, and, if it were not for diversity of occupation and production, what a cheerless and generally uncomfortable world this would be to live in!  Corn will feed us, but it will not clothe us, or shelter us, or furnish us with mental occupation.  Aside entirely from the question of diversified production to the higher civilization, we may well ask ourselves whether beauty has no place in the social economy.  We can live without it, but life is certainly fuller for having it.  The vase has its place in the world as well as the ear of corn.

            My friend made another protest, when I drew attention to the character of the decoration.

            “I am sorry,” said he, “that the pantheism or nature worship of the Indian sticks out even in his ornamentation of a vase.”

            In my turn, I was sorry for my friend.  I believed as strongly as he in winning the Indian away from his superstitions, but I could not see how these symbols on a vase, if decorative in character, were going to hurt the Indian, or through his art spread the fetishism.  With all of our civilization, we have not yet banished Cinderella or the Sleeping Beauty from the libraries of our children.  The mythical Santa Claus and his chimney are still a feature of our Christmas celebration—a festival supposed to be commemorative of the birth of Christianity in the person of its founder.  The finest architecture on the earth is a heritage from the Greeks, and surcharged with symbolic associations with Olympus—worship.  All these survivals have their use, even in our unromantic age.  In striving to divorce the Indian radically from his past in matters of mere form, are we not liable to overlook some weightier considerations?

            It was not long ago that an eminent American illustrator discovered in a Winnebago girl so distinct a manifestation of genius in art, that, although she had been educated in the East, she was sent back, on his advice, to live a while among her own people, study their picturesque side, and make drawings of themselves and their life for future use.  I can imagine my hyperpractical friend throwing up his hands in horror at the suggestion of exposing this girl to the degrading atmosphere of her childhood home.  So should we all revolt at the idea of driving her back into the existence she would have led if no kind friend had taken her away originally.  But she had been trained among good white people; she had reached an age when she would be able to appreciate the difference between the old ways and the new, and to the latter’s advantage; and she was a girl of refined womanly instincts and strong character.  If she were ever going to be able to withstand the bad influences of frontier life, she could do it then.  And she cherished, moreover, that wholesome pride of race which we are bound to respect wherever we find it, and which enabled her to enter sympathetically into the line of art study assigned to her, as no one who had not shared her ancestry and her experience.

            At a gathering of white philanthropists, where several Navajo blankets of different weaves and patterns were exhibited, I was astonished to hear one of the most thoughtful persons present propose that a fund should be raised for supplying the Navajo with modern looms, so as to build up their special industry.  My suggestion that the wool raised by the Indians was not of a quality which would answer for fine work was promptly met by the assurance that it would be a simple matter to send Connecticut-made raw materials out to New Mexico, as is already done to some extent.  I did not attempt to carry the argument further; but I have no hesitancy in saying here that this proposal recalls the old riddle about the jackknife in which each original blade, and finally the hands, had been broken and replaced, and the question presented was, whether it was the same jackknife still.  The Navajo blanket derives its chief value, not from being a blanket, but from being Navajo.  The Indian woman who wove it probably cut and seasoned the saplings which framed her rude loom, and fastened the parts in place.  She sheared and carded, and spun, and dyed the many-colored threads of her wool.  She thought out her own design as she worked, and carried it so distinctly in her mind that she needed no pattern.  Now, at what point can we break into this chain and substitute a foreign link without changing the character of the whole?  A connisseur [sic] in Navajo blankets, who loves them for the humanity that has been woven into them and not merely for their waterproof texture or their warmth, balks when he discovers in the design one shape which is not Indian, or one color which bears the aniline taint. The charm begins to fade away with the first intrusion of the Caucasian hand into the work.  Now, if we begin, by waiving the question of Indian wool and native dyes, we might as well make a clean sweep of the whole business and get rid of the Navajo woman too.  The product of these changed conditions would bear about the same relation to the real Navajo blanket that Lamb’s Tales bear to Shakespeare.

            Well, the made-over Indian seems to me a good deal like the Navajo blanket from which all the Navajo has been expurgated neither the one thing nor the other.  I like the Indian for what is in him.  I want to see his splendid inherited physique kept up because he glories, like his ancestors, in feats of strength.  I want him to retain all his old contempt for hunger, thirst, cold, and danger when he has anything to do.  I love the spirit of manly independence which moved a copper-colored sage once to beg that I would intercede with the Great Father and throttle a proposal to send rations to his people, because it would pauperize the young men and make them slaves to the whites.  I have no sympathy with the sentiment which would throw the squaw’s beed-box [sic] into the rubbish heap and set her to making lace.  Teach her lace-making, by all means, just as you would teach her bread-making, as an addition to her stock of profitable accomplishments; but don’t set down her beaded moccasins as barbarous, while holding up her lace handkerchiefs as a symbol of advanced civilization.

            The Indian is a natural warrior, a natural logician, a natural artist.  We have room for all three in our highly organized social system.  Let us not make the mistake, in the process, of absorbing them, of washing out of them whatever is distinctly Indian.  Our aboriginal brother brings, as his contribution to the common store of character, a great deal which is admirable, and which needs only to be developed along the right line.  Our proper work with him is improvement, not transformation.


The Arrow, Vol 1, No 37, Thursday, May 11, 1905


The thirty-seventh anniversary of Hampton observed on May 2 and 3. [Angel not mentioned in program.]


The Arrow, Vol 2, No 20, January 12, 1906


[see The Arrow,  May 4, 1905]


Excerpts from the Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Improvement not Transformation


It was not long ago that the eminent American illustrator discovered in a young Indian woman so distinct a manifestation of genius in art that, although she had been educated in the East, she was sent back, on his advice, to live awhile among her own people, study their picturesque side, and make drawings of them selves and their life for future use.  We can imagine our hyperpractical critic throwing up his hands in horror at the suggestion of exposing this girl to the degrading atmosphere of her childhood home.  So should we all revolt at the idea of driving her back into the existence she would have led if no kind friend had taken her away originally.  But she had been trained among good white people; she had reached an age when she would be able to appreciate the difference between the old ways and the new, and to the latter's advantage; and she was a woman of refined instincts and strong character.  If she were ever going to be able to withstand the bad influences of frontier life she could do it then.  She cherished, moreover, that wholesome pride of race which we are bound to respect wherever we find it, and which enabled her to enter sympathetically into the line of art study assigned to her as no one could who had not shared her ancestry and her experience.

The Arrow, Vol 2, No 24, February 9, 1906


            Miss Angel Decora, a member of the Winnebago tribe, who for years has dwelt in New York City where she has done a great deal of work in illustrating books and magazines in addition to other art work, has been appointed teacher of art at Carlisle by Commissioner Leupp.  She is an accomplished artist with the brush and pencil, as well as in other respects.  We are glad to welcome her as one of our teachers.


The Arrow, Vol 2, No 30, March 23, 1906


            The students are making excellent progress in native art under the instruction of Miss Angel Decora.

************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 2, No 35, Friday, April 27, 1906


Arbor Day Notes.


            “The Seniors planted a Maple tree, near the northwest corner of the girls’ playing-ground, and named it Perseverance.  The following was the program given; Song—“The tree we are planting.”  Remarks:--President of the class Nicodemus Billy.  Song “Celebrate the Arbor Day.” Quotations; Elizabeth Walker, John Jackson.  Class Song. “A legend of the trees,” Miss DeCora.  Remarks, “Purpose of Arbor Day,” Major Mercer.  In his remarks Major Mercer said it was a good thing to observe Arbor Day which has done so much to beautify American homes. . .”


The Arrow, Vol 2, No 38, Friday, May 18, 1906


            Miss Angel Decora made a flying trip to New York City last week. ************************************************************************

The Arrow, Vol 2, No 41, Friday, June 8, 1906


Madelyn de Cora, who has been a pupil in Dr. Felix Adler’s Ethical Culture School is visiting her aunt, Miss Angel de Cora. ************************************************************************

The Arrow, Vol 2, No 43, Friday, June 22, 1906


            Miss Decora took the girls out walking last Sunday which was appreciated by all who went with her.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 1, August 31, 1906


            Miss De Cora who has been spending her vacation in New York City returned looking well and glad to get back.


[also Madelon DeCora, new student]


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 5, Friday, September 28, 1906


The Photographic Studio


            It will be welcome news to both student and teacher to learn that the new photographic studio is now fully equipped and in active operation.  Mr. Hensel who is in charge is an experienced and accomplished artist, whose work is well known and who is putting forth every effort to turn out the best class of work obtainable.  The prices charged are far less than the price for cheap work and yet the work itself can not be duplicated anywhere at any price.  Call and talk it over with Mr. Hensel and then see yourself as others see you.

            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -

            The Studio is now completed and the business is rushing.  The first photograph taken by Mr. Hensel was the football squad. . . .


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 11, Friday, November 9, 1906




            Miss Angel DeCora, our efficient instructor in drawing and design, is thus flatteringly referred to in The Nation, in their report of the Congress of Americanists which was held in Quebec last September:--"Miss DeCora is of the Winnebago tribe and is possibly the first of her race to address the Americanists.  Although cultivated in the white man's ways, she exemplifies the gifts of her race.  She is a skilled artist, and has worked in illustrating and designing, in wood carving and in plaster, and has also painted pictures.  Last year the present Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Francis E. Leupp, asked her to become art instructor at the Carlisle Indian School.  She accepted the appointment with the purpose of developing native art in all its branches, and of applying it to various industries.  This step marks a new departure in the education of the Indian, and Miss DeCora may fairly be regarded as a pioneer.  She showed a number of designs made by the Indian boys and girls."

************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 3, No 12, Friday, November 16, 1906


            Miss McDowell and Miss DeCora took a few of the girls out for a short walk and they enjoyed it very much although it was cold. ************************************************************************

The Arrow, Vol 3, No 18, Friday, December 28, 1906


            Miss DeCora is renewing old friendships in New York City and suburban towns.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 20, Friday, January 11, 1907


            Miss De Cora led the large girls prayer meeting Sunday evening.  She gave a very interesting talk on "Unselfishness," after which she called on Miss Ross, who said she was glad to be with the girls and see how they take part in their private prayer meetings.  She also gave the girls some interesting points which helped them along.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 23, Friday, February 1, 1907


            The detail for this Friday evening is:--Invincibles, Misses Hawk and Gedney; Standards, Misses DeCora and Beach; Susans, Messrs Baker and Thompson


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 24, Friday, February 8, 1907


[accompanied with picture of The Leupp Art Studio and Francis Leupp]


Leupp Indian Art Studio


One of the Finest and Best

Equipped photographic Studios

in the State


            A large majority of those who visit our school for the first time, as well as visitors of former years who have returned this winter are impressed with the beautiful new building at the left of the entrance to the Carlisle Indian School grounds.

            Where once was an apparently neglected spot there has arisen a magnificent monument to the industrial training to be obtained here by the Indian youth who seeks to better his condition and to make of himself a self-supporting, universally respected craftsman.

            To the stranger it appears to be a well-built, beautifully arranged, well laid out edifice, but to the Indian and to the friend of the Indian it means more.  It means that there is a perfect, finished product of Indian handicraft.

            To those who have the pleasure of inspecting the building, as well as to those who may perchance only have a general interest in Indian education, it may be well to state a few facts in regard to this studio which might be regarded as information.

            The entire building, as well as its up-to-date equipment is the property of the Athletic Association, and was erected without a farthing of expense to the Government.

            About a year ago the Athletic Association foreseeing a successful season for the year 1906, and having a football team second to none in schools of its class--and aye above its class--conceived the idea that no better use could be made of its earnings in the field of athletics, than by erecting a building on the grounds that would be a credit to the school and at the same time afford an opportunity for the instruction of their fellow students in some line that in future years would revert to the profit of the individual.

            The need of an art studio was manifest.

            The opportunity for the teaching of the profession of photographer was apparent, and the association decided to put their money into the idea, and did it as only Carlisle students do things--i. e. did it right.

            Plans were suggested by various employees and students and the best ideas of those offered were embodied in working plans drawn up by a graduate of the school, Mr. George Balenti: a Cheyenne Indian employee at the time.

            Ground was broken, the work being performed entirely by the students, and foundations laid by the apprentice masons under Mr. Lamason.  The carpenter work, the doors, sashes, and in fact all of the millwork of the building was turned out of our own carpenter shop by the boys under the instruction of Mr. Herr and Mr. Gardner.

            The plumbing and heating arrangements, all of the latest design, are the work of the detail under Mr. Weber, the school engineer's direction, while the color effects and the painting and decorations are the handiwork of the boys receiving the benefit of Mr. Carn's experience as a painter.  The roofing and tin work are all from the school tin shop the work of the Indian youth.

            In fact the entire building from cellar to roof is purely Indian labor, and the material purchased from athletic funds.

            The only material in the edifice not made on the grounds is the stone itself.

            The building is by far the most artistic of the many buildings on the grounds, and is built of cement block with a rock face.  The architecture is of the "battlement" order and its position at the entrance to the beautiful grounds adds greatly to the general appearance of the school property, and creates a favorable first impression.

            The approach from the trolley terminal is by a short flight of three steps and a turn to the left through a concreted walk to the main entrance.  Around the building is a gracefully lined out balustrade of the same material as the building itself and the windows and doors are beautifully illuminated with the vari-colored art squares.

            On entering the art room one is immediately struck with the appropriateness of the name of the building, for we find ourselves in a salon 24 x 32 feet, the walls of which are hung with Indian Art of every description.  Here can be found a large collection of Indian curios, burnt-leather work, bead-work, basket work, Indian drawings and paintings of the most intricate designs, many by members of our Indian Art Class under Miss Angel DeCora, herself a Winnebago, and all genuine, legitimate Indian work.

            Here and there are hung rare prints of the famous chiefs of old.  Prints that have long years ago been drawn from publication and the plates destroyed.

            On the floor are various and unlimited Navajo blankets of design and color to make the heart of the connossieur [sic] beat faster.

            Artistic show cases are here displayed containing samples of the work of the photographic studio and souvenir postals of various views of the grounds and buildings, all the work of the students at Carlisle.

            The operating room opens to the north of the art room and occupies a space 24 x 50 feet, with a light 16 x 20 feet.  This room is equipped with the finest product of the camera maker's skill.  The lenses have no superior in the state and the backgrounds are various and artistic.  All appliances known to the Art are in evidence in this room.  To the east of the operating room may be found the dark room and printing room.  The arrangement of the lights in the printing room is considered to be as near to perfection as possible.  A commodious bay window on the east end of building is constructed in the shape of a semi-octagon, so set as to secure a direct light at any hour of the day.  Photographers pronounce the arrangement of the rooms almost ideal.  Here the apprentices under competent instructors are taught the art of photography in its various details.

            Mr. Alfred M. Venne, a Chippewa Indian graduate of Carlisle, is in charge of this department and is justly proud of his detail.

            When the building was first talked about and as it progressed during construction the entire student body was eager to see the building dedicated to some friend of the Indian of to-day.  When the subject of a name for the building was brought up officially by the association, the officials of the school and the student body, there was a spontaneous and unanimous demand that it be known as the Leupp Indian Art Studio, in recognition of the friendship, interest, and careful nurturing of Indian Art by Commissioner Francis E. Leupp, and therefore it was so named.

            Experts from various portions of the country pronounce it one of the most practical and well-proportioned studios to be found in many days' travel.

            The studio is open every week day for inspection.

            It is intended at some future date to erect a building somewhat similar in design and architecture on the opposite side of the roadway which can be used as a waiting room for the trolley and also be devoted to educational and industrial purposes.  This would make a grand entrance to our already beautiful grounds, and the true Carlisle spirit is on the move, and when a mere trifle of a building or two affects the Athletic association it does not take long for things to materialize.

            Every student at the Carlisle Indian School is a producer.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 25, Friday, February 15, 1907


Society Visitors


            Section 6, of the "Regulations Relating to the Literary Societies, 1906-7," reads as follows:

            "Employees in details of two will take turns in visiting the societies, and give the Assistant Superintendent the benefit of their observation and criticisms."

            The detail for this Friday evening is:--

            Invincibles, Misses De Cora and Beach; Standard, Messrs. Baker and Thompson; Susans, Misses Hawk and Gedney.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 27, Friday, March 1, 1907


"Hiawatha" by the Susans


            The Susan Longstreth Literary Society placed themselves on record on Monday evening last as entertainers of a high order and again emphasized the fact that when the Susans undertake anything it is nearly certain to be a success.  For some time past Miss DeCora has been drilling the girls for the production of Longfellow's Hiawatha.  Long and tedious have been the many rehearsals.  Patience and tact have been required and freely expended to bring the cast to the point when they could be safely presented to the most critical of all audiences--an audience of young Indian students.  But the members of the Society took hold of the matter with a will characteristic of the Susans and brought the matter to a successful presentation on Monday evening.

            The play is a very cleverly written affair, necessarily Indian in its entire make up, using the famous poem of Longfellow as its base.  Through it at appropriate moments a weird Indian song or lullaby is inserted, adding greatly to its presentation.  The following was the



1st Hiawatha                Baby in The Cradle

2nd      "                       Martha Day

3rd       "                       Alice Denomie

4th       "                       Elizabeth Penny

Minnehaha                    Claudie McDonald

Chibiabos                     Cecelia Baronovich

Iagoo                           Margaret Cadotte

1st Nokomis                 Cecelia Baronovich

2nd   "                          Edith Ranco

Arrow Maker               Josephine Gates

Mondamin                    Frances Ghangraw

Kitche Manito              Josefa Maria

Paw Pub Keewis            Elizabeth Hayes

Two Fever Ghosts            Margaret Cadotte

                                    Savannah Beck

Drill Girls, Guests, Indian Maidens, by

the Society


            The young ladies had prepared faithfully and studiously and each acquitted herself in a most credible manner, yet it would be unfair not to specialize in a few instances.

            The Minnehaha of Claudie McDonald was a thoroughly natural piece of acting, ably supported by Elizabeth Penny as Hiawatha.  The dignity and sincerity of Miss Penny with the restrained intensity of Hiawath's wooing of Minnehaha made a beautiful combination.

            During the wedding feast in Act IV, Miss Elizabeth Hayes had opportunity to demonstrate her ability in a war dance in full Indian costume.  She possesses the grace of a Carlisle student coupled with the spirit of her forefathers and her dance was received with great applause.

            Miss Baronovich sang a song in her native tongue which also brought down the house.

            A sweet little lullaby was softly rendered by Cecilia Baronovich to Hiawatha, the babe, which was very pleasing to the audience.

            The costumes, all truly Indian, were elaborate and some of them of great value, being family relics that have been handed down from generation to generation.

            The play presented the first opportunity to put to practical use the new stage settings and scenery.  The scene of Minnehaha Falls and the Forest scene are indeed works of art and under the white glare of the electric light are not equaled in any theatre in the State.

            Preceding the performance and between the act the orchestra, under direction of Mr. Stauffer, rendered the following


1. March                      "Ida-Ho"                              Tilzer

2. Intermezzo                "Autumn"                                 Moret

3. Medley                     "Alice Where art Tho Going"

4. Intermezzo                "Golden Rod"                          McKinley

5. Medley                     "Is Everybody Happy" Hogan

            The Susans are entitled to a great amount of credit for the pleasing outcome of their enterprise and the devotion of Miss DeCora to the work, as well as to Mr. Thompson, for untiring stage work and management are to be commended and appreciated.

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            Collar boxes, glove boxes, pin trays, mirrors, colored skins with beautiful Indian designs in various colors drawn and painted on them by Miss DeCora's Art class have been added to the collection of Indian curios at the Leupp Indian Art Studio.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 28, Friday, March 8, 1907


The S. L. L. Society


            The members of the Susan Longstreth Literary Society assembled at the usual hour.  The meeting was called to order by the president.  Roll was called and each member responded with a sentiment.  The minutes of our previous meetings were read by Vera Wagner who has proved herself to be an excellent secretary.  The Society extended a vote of thanks to Mr. Thompson, Miss Decora and our president, Miss Alice Denomie in behalf of their faithful service and interest shown in trying to make our play a success.

            The Susans have recorded the death of Miss Clarissa Winnie in the minutes of the society, of which she was Vice President when she was among us.

            The program for the evening consisted of the Susans Song, sung by the Susans with much spirit.  Francis Ghangraw volunteered to give an Impromptu in Bessie Charley's place, and told of her summer at the sea shore, which was very interesting.  Mary Redthunder played a Piano Solo.  Martha Cornsilk gave a Recitation and Stella Skye read a Selection.  The Dialogue by Mary Baily and Olga Reinkin and an essay by Malissa Cornelius were all very good.  Clara Spotted Horse told a beautiful legend derived from old Sioux Indians, which was very interesting.

            The program as a whole was excellently rendered.  The question for debate read: "That the democratic party has been a benefit to the country."  The affirmative speakers were Helen Lane and Inez Brown.  The negative speakers were Myrtle Peters and Florence Hunter.  The debate was well prepared on both sides.  They proved the saying without any doubt, that a girl or woman can talk Politics when ever they are given an opportunity.

            After some very very encouraging words from our visitors the meeting adjourned.--                                                     S. B.

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            Miss DeCora has stopped all class work in drawing in order to devote her entire time to special work in the application of Indian designs.  We need another drawing teacher in order to do the necessary work.

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            Grace Primeaux has made a beautiful dress embroidered with an Indian design on the waist; the dress is to be sent to the Jamestown Exposition.  Grace deserves credit for her patient work.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 30, Friday, March 22, 1907


Dr. Gordon's Lecture


            Dr. Gordon B. Gordon, ethnologist of the University of Pennsylvania and explorer of considerable note, gave a lecture on Primitive Art before the student body on Wednesday evening which was one of the most instructive discourses heard this season.

            At the solicitation of Miss Angel DeCora, our art instructress, Dr. Gordon consented to come to Carlisle and deliver this lecture in the hope that it would enthuse the young art students in their work.  The Dr. presented a series of views taken by himself in the prehistoric buried cities of Central America, showing the beautiful carvings and heiroglyphics [sic] of the ancients, and with the head of a serpent as a motif, showed with a series of views, the evolution of design and by direct and perfectly apparent tracing brought out many of the designs and patterns used at this time.

            The lecturer succeeded in showing to the students of art and Indian designing that they are not working on an uncertain series of curves and straight lines, but that the very designs on their blankets and on the pottery of the Indians of to-day are the direct carrying out of the schemes found upon the monoliths of time beyond record.

            Miss DeCora's love of art and devotion to her work succeeded in bringing this famous ethnologist here and his lecture will without doubt bear fruit.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 32, Friday, April 5, 1907


At the Art Room


            Through the courtesy of Dr. Edward Everatt Hale and Dr. Putman, of Harvard University, Miss Angel DeCora, our art teacher, has a very rare collection of prints on exhibition in her studio of the prehistoric art of the Incas of South America.  These prints were collected and published at enormous expense by Drs. Reiss and Stubel, ethnologists and excavators of world-wide fame, and are entitled "The Necropolis of Ancon, Peru."  The collection contains about 60 volumes filled with the most beautiful representations of the artistic side of the civilization and industries of the empire of the Incas, in Peru.

            These almost unknown Indians of Peru were in a high state of civilization long ere history records their existence, and their designs on tapestries, vases, urns, etc., show the highest class of art.

            Through personal friendship and interest in Miss DeCora's chosen profession, Dr. Edward Everett Hale has secured the loan of these volumes from the Peabody Museum of Harvard University.

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Navajo Blankets


This sought-for handiwork of the Indian on sale at the Leupp Art Studio


            In response to numerous inquiries for Navajo blankets that are known to be genuine the Leupp Studio will handle a limited assortment of the same and sell them at a reasonable price to those who desire them.  Each blanket exhibited at the Studio is exactly what is claimed for it.  A record is kept of the time, place and weaver of every blanket and prospective purchasers may rest assured of the absolute genuineness of every one of them.

            Navajo blankets will be very scarce this season, according to Herman Schweizer, manager in the southwest for Fred Harvey's great curio business, who has just returned from a two week's trip through the Navajo reservation in New Mexico and Arizona, in which he traveled several hundred miles in the saddle, from Gallup to Farmington and across Arizona, covering practically all the settlements in the great domain of the Indians.

            The season has been a prosperous one, crops of all kinds have been good, and the price of wool has been high, so that the Indians with full grain bins, and full pockets, are not inclined to work.

            "The Navajo blanket market will go skyward before the end of the season," said Mr. Schweizer yesterday, "and I am not engaged in bulling the market either.  There will be a shortage of blankets, and in fact, there is already a noticeable decrease in the number of blankets coming into the market.  There are a good many reasons for it, but chiefly it is the Indians' lack of desire to work so long as there is no immediate need for money.

            "This year has been an exceptionally prosperous one for the Navajos, and their crops of all kinds are large and in splendid condition.  In addition the high price of wool has led most of them to sell their clip rather than hold to it to make blankets of.  The traders who also supply the wool are short, having been attracted like everyone else by the fancy prices, and even if the Indian with his full pocket-book and granary desired to work, it is doubtful if he could get the wool to make very many blankets.  So there is pretty good ground to expect a shortage in the Navajo blanket crop."--Alberqueque, N. M. Journal.

            A genuine Navajo blanket is hand-made from start to finish.  The Indian grows his own wool, cards it, spins it, and weaves it, all by hand in the most primitive way.  He formerly pulled the wool from the sheep with his hands, but with the coming of the trader, the common sheepshears made their advent and he at once began to use them.  To go among these people and see how they live, and again to see the beautiful creations of their simple minds amid such uninviting surroundings, is as wonderfully surprising as anything the creative genius of more enlightened white man has ever flashed upon the canvas of the world's great achievement.

            Were you to visit a Navajo weaver's hogan you would expect to see a large loom and spinning wheel something like those our great-grand-mother used to use.  But a very different loom and spinning wheel would be discovered.  Both are so simple that the weaving appliances of our Colonial ancestors appear, in comparison, as elaborate and intricate as the machinery of the modern woolen mill.  The Navajo spinning wheel consists of a wooden spindle about 18 inches long which is fastened in the middle of a small disc four or five inches in diameter.  This spindle is dexterously twirled with the fingers while the soft wool, which has been carded by small hand cards into little rolls, is twisted into smooth, strong threads.  Often this spinning process is repeated four or five times in order to secure the required tenacity, fineness, and smoothness in the yarn.--Southern Workman.

            No doubt you have heard a great deal about the Navajo blanket.  You may have heard that they are made in eastern factories and shipped to the west and sold by Indian traders as "genuine Navajo blankets."

            Recently a lady from the east was going to California.  She had heard a great deal about the Navajo blanket, so when the train stopped at Gallup, New Mexico, for dinner, she got off at the station and seeing a Navajo Indian wearing a "Mackinaw" blanket, immediately began negotiations with the Indian for his blanket.

            She soon consummated the deal whereby the Indian received $15 for his "treasure." 

            Of course, this was a "genuine native Navajo wool blanket" because she purchased it from a Navajo Indian.

            Now, to be truthful, the Navajo does not wear his own make of blankets.  He prefers the soft, light factory-made blanket, for with the price of one of his own blankets he can purchase three or four factory-made blankets, which he much prefers for his own use.  This lady believed--at first--that she had purchased a genuine Navajo blanket and when someone told her differently she was convinced that the Navajo blanket business was "a fake."

            But the Navajo Blanket is not a fake.  The white man has never been able to reproduce the Navajo effect in a blanket.  No loom has yet been invented that can do this.

            On the white man's loom when a color once starts across the beam, it must be carried through to the other side; but the Navajo, weaving by hand, cuts out one color and takes up another one anywhere he chooses.

            The largest blanket weavers in the country have acknowledged that it is impossible for them to make an imitation Navajo Blanket anything like the original.

            We have in the Art Building a magnificent assortment of native wool Navajo Blankets.  THE INDIAN PRINTERY publishes THE ARROW, THE INDIAN SCHOOL PAPER and occasionally does fine printing besides, all by Indian students; it also supplies lovers of Indian Art with genuine native wool Navajo Blankets and rugs fresh from Navajo looms.

            We are not, commercially speaking, in the blanket business, but we are interested in the Navajo Indian.  We want to help him by selling his blankets.  We want to do what we can to get people to appreciate the art of the Navajo weaver.  A Chilocco Indian School representative recently spent several weeks on the Navajo Indian reservation in Arizona and New Mexico and while there he collected a number of very fine specimens of the Navajo weaver's art.  A part of these are for sale.

            In beauty of designs, workmanship and patterns, they rival the most costly oriental rugs--and they are genuine.

            We will ship one or more blankets to responsible persons subject to approval.

            If they do not please, they can be returned.  We have them at all prices--from $10 to $100 each.  We guarantee every blanket--can tell you just where it was made and who made it.

            Mr. Venne will be pleased to furnish all particulars, and can be addressed at the Leupp Art Studio.


[same issue]


Football and Art


(New York Tribune)


            A mute reproach to the legislators who would have withdrawn the appropriation from the Carlisle Indian School stands at the entrance to the grounds of that institution in the shape of a battlemented building of striking design.  It is a monument to the affection of the Indians for their home and of the dogged perseverance with which the red man will follow up an idea.  The building is an art school and museum of Indian curios, and was built by Indian boys from the proceedings of the football games of last year, in which the redskin experts on the gridiron did so well. 

            With the money thus won the boys bought the stone, the lumber, the glass and other material.  The work they did themselves, for the boys learn everything in the mechanical trades at Carlisle.  The carpenter work, the doors, sashes, and, in fact, all of the mill work of the building, was turned out in the shops of the school by the boys themselves.  Even the plumbing and heating arrangements, all of the latest design, are the work of the boys, while the color effects, painting and decorations are the handiwork of Carlisle Indian artists.  The roofing and tin work were all done in the school shops.  So, everything about the structure is the Indians' own.

            The interior of the building is gay with bright colors that the Indians love.  Genuine Navajo blankets, in gorgeous reds, of curious Indian patterns, adorn the walls and floors.  No store products are these blankets but the real thing, thick as Oriental rugs, soft as wool can be, pliable as velvet and capable of holding water like a bucket, so finely woven is the material. 

            Spread on the tables in the richest confusion of color are beadwork, Indian saddles, baskets, drawings, paintings and models of various devices used in the home life of the tribesmen.  Examples of the burnt leather work of the Indians are to be seen, pictures of the famous chiefs of other days, relics of the redskins who died vowing that their tribes would ever hate the white man with the same implacable hatred that they had shown.  It is curious to view the pictures of these fierce old warriors and then turn to the intellectual countenance of Alfred M. Venne, the Chippewa Indian who has charge of the museum and who conducts a Bible class of students at this institution.  It is still more remarkable to compare pictures of Indian squaws of the old days with dark eyed, placid faced girls who come to the studio to paint, fashion Indian art curios and do the bead-work at which they are deft.

            The building has been named the Leupp Art Studio, in recognition of the friendship, interest and careful nurturing of Indian art by Commissioner Francis E. Leupp.  The plans of the building were suggested by various students at Carlisle and the best ideas of those offered were embodied in working plans drawn up by a graduate of the school, George Balenti, a Cheyenne Indian.  The entire building, as well as its equipment, remains the property of the athletic association.

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            All of this reads well, but The Tribune fails to state that this Art Building is pronounced one of the best arranged photographic galleries in the State, having modern up-to-date apparatus and is a self-supporting enterprise.

            Here the boys are taught the art of photography in all its details.  The instruction given under a competent Indian artist embraces all of the minor details as well as the most intricate problems of photography.  Not one cent of expense to the Government and not under Government control, the instructors and managers being employees of the Athletic Association.--Editor


The Arrow, Volume 3, No 37, Friday, May 3, 1907


Prominent in Professional Life.


In any list of prominent Indians of to day should be included Dr. Charles Eastman, a Sioux; Francis La Flesche, an Omaha Indian, now a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a Government employe; Honore Jackson, a successful lawyer in Chicago, Miss Angela de Cora, a Winnebago, an artist who has met with much success in illustrating Indian life, and Miss Zitkala Sa, a Yankton Sioux, a magazine writer.--The Indian's Friend

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Mokis for Jamestown


            The Jamestown Exposition managers have just arranged for an exhibition of Moki Indians, of Arizona, under the direction of Louis J. Beck.

            The band will consist of six braves, two squaws, and four papooses.  The adults will cavort in their famous war, eagle and snake dances.  In the wilds of Arizona the snake dance last for three days and nights, or until the participants are utterly exhausted.  The braves relieve the monotony by entwining about their arms and necks all sorts of poisonous reptiles.

            The building in which the Mokis will be exhibited will have a seating capacity of 1,000 persons.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 41, Friday, June 7, 1907


Winnebago Camp


            On Decoration Day, Miss Angel DeCora, our art teacher, accompanied by Elizabeth Penny, Grace Primeau and Josephine Gates, three winsome Indian maidens, embarked on the trolley for Mt. Holly and leaving the car at the most infrequent spot at the base of the mountain, with true Indian instinct located a long-abandoned trail and wended their way through a thick under-growth and deep forest, to a spot described in tradition as "the place of solitude," where they pitched camp.  During the long march through the woods they had gathered roots and various fruits known only to the Indian mind which were soon prepared in a great olla which had been left years ago by other campers.  Small game which had been ensnared by primitive Indian methods was added to the already tempting conglomeration.  The fagots were gathered and placed in position.  Fire was kindled with great ceremony, combining rites of Winnebagos, Nez Perces, and Sioux Indians, and after a short time during which the aroma from the feast in course of cooking had developed a good appetite, the quartette seated themselves on the ground and enjoyed a good old fashioned Indian feast.

            After the olla had been emptied an old time dance to the native Indian songs was indulged in, and reluctantly and silently they returned to the border of civilization, having voted a glorious day's sport.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 42, June 14, 1907


Indian Art


            Mr. O'Donnell, a representative of the Sunday Magazine of the Philadelphia North American, was a guest of Miss Angel DeCora on Thursday.  Mr. O'Donnell who is gathering material for an article on Primitive Indian Art naturally cames [sic] to our Art Department for data.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 43, June 21, 1907


At Los Angeles


            Miss Angel DeCora, our art teacher will leave on Saturday to attend the Educational Convention at Los Angeles, Cal., July 2-12, and will represent Carlisle in a most credible manner.  The Commissioner in his circular of recent date has the following special notice: Miss Angel DeCora, teacher of Native Indian Art, Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, Pa., will display a collection of original Indian designs and explain what she is doing for the preservation of Indian art, and show how the Office desires this work carried on in the schools.  The Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in referring to Miss DeCora's work in his last annual report, says: "It is my desire that pupils who study any kind of decorative work shall be encouraged and led to employ Indian combinations of line and color, and that the products of the school shop, so far as they lend themselves properly to ornamentation, shall show the characteristic Indian touch as distinguished from the Caucasian designs which pervade the same branches of industry elsewhere."


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 46, July 12, 1907


            Miss Angel DeCora is enjoying a combination of pleasure and duty at Los Angeles, Cal.  Recent postals show the beautiful scenery she is feasting her artistic eyes upon.

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Employees 1907-1908

A Complete List of the Indian Staff


. . . Angel DeCora . . . Teacher Native Indian Art . . .

************************************************************************ The Arrow, Vol 3, No 47, Friday, July 19, 1907


[front page includes 5 pictures of the Leupp Art Studio]


Indian Education


Extracts from the Los Angeles Times which will Interest Carlisle


            Old-fashioned school teachers in attendance at the session of the Department of Indian Education in Los Angeles recently were actually shocked at the new method of instruction as introduced in many of the Indian schools of the country by Commissioner Francis E. Leupp, head of the bureau of Indian affairs.  This new principle . . . .

            "The great principle in the Indian school today is not to waste energy, but to train the pupils rather in the practical affairs of life as they will find it rather than teach them the history of Greece of the geography of Russia.

            "I am insistent upon the right of every Indian child having the opportunity of learning the "Three R's" said Commissioner Leupp, "If, after that they desire to go further they will have the opportunity."

Indian Art

            Miss Angel DeCora, who is a delegate to the institute from the Carlisle Indian school, where she is teacher of art, is one of the most interesting figures connected with Indian education now in Los Angeles.  She is a handsome young Indian woman, of full-blooded Winnebago, and the exhibit of the work of her pupils is one of the features of the exhibition now to be seen at the Normal School.  Miss DeCora has made a special study of Indian art, and she has made a most complete collection of original Indian designs.  She has studied in many of the large cities of the country, and is an enthusiast upon the subject of preserving native Indian art designs.

            The institute meetings are, if anything, more interesting after the adjournment of the formal meetings than during the session.  It is then that the teachers from all parts of the country meet and compare notes and tell stories of the wonderful progress being made by their charges under the new system introduced.  Anecdotes and stories illustrating the life of the Indian, the brightness of the children, and the uplifting which is spreading throughout the country among the Redskin race, especially the younger generation, are the themes of all.

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From the Southern Workman


            Miss Angel DeCora, ’91, who is now teacher of art at Carlisle and has been assisting Miss Cook of the Indian Bureau in arranging the Government Indian exhibit at the Jamestown Exposition, made her headquarters at the school while in this vicinity.  She brought with her some interesting specimens of the work of her classes, which attracted much attention in the school Museum.

            Miss DeCora is illustrating the Indians’ Book which Harper Brothers are to publish in the fall form Miss Natalie Curtis.


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 48, July 26, 1907


[Cover: photograph of Angel in beaded dress]


"Miss Angel De Cora (Winnebago) Our Teacher of Indian Art"


The Arrow, Vol 3, No 49, August 23, 1907

 [front page with 2 pictures inside the art studio; also copied in Native American, Aug. 31--'07;  Reveille, Sep. 15--'07; Ogallala Light. Sept--'07; Indian's Friend, Oct. '07; Indian News, Sept. '07; Southern Workman, Oct. '07; Chippewa Herald, Sep. '07; Weekly Review, Sep 14, '07; and Indian School Journal, Sep. '07]


Native Indian Art


[Paper read by Miss Angel De Cora, Instructor in Native Indian Art, at the United States Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa., before the Department of the Indian Education at the annual convention of the National Educational Association, held at Los Angeles, California, July 8-12, 1907.  A fine likeness of the author appeared in The Arrow of July 26.]


            The time has not been long enough since the subject was put into practice to show some of the possibilities of adapting Indian art to modern usages.

            Indians, like any other race in its primitive state, are gifted in original ideas of ornamentation.  The pictorial talent is common to all young Indians.

            The method of educating the Indian in the past was to attempt to transform him into a brown Caucasian within the space of five years or little more.  The education made every effort to convince the Indian that any custom or habit that was not familiar to the white man showed savagery and degradation.  A general attempt was made to bring him "up to date."  The Indian, who is so bound up in tribal laws and customs, knew not where to make the distinction, nor what of his natural instincts to discard, and the consequences was that he either became superficial or arrogant and denied his race, or he grew dispirited and silent.

            In my one year's work with the Indians at Carlisle I am convinced that the young Indians of the present day are still gifted in the pictorial art.

            Heretofore, the Indian pupil has been put through the same public school course as the white child, with no regard for his hereditary difference of mind and habit of life; yet, though the early art instruction in the white man's art, the Indian, even here, does well and often better than the white child, for his accurate eye and skillful hand serve him well in anything that requires delicacy of handiwork.

            In exhibitions of Indian school work, generally, the only traces of Indian one sees are some of the signatures denoting clannish names.  In looking over my pupil's native design work, I cannot help calling to mind the Indian woman, untaught and unhampered by the white man's ideas of art, making beautiful and intricate designs on her pottery, baskets and beaded articles, which show the inborn talent.  She sits in the open, drawing her inspiration from the broad aspects of Nature.  Her zig-zag line indicates the line of the hills in the distance, and the blue and white background so usual in the Indian color scheme denotes the sky.  Her bold touches of green, red and yellow she has learned from Nature's own use of those colors in the green grass and flowers, and the soft tones that were the general tone of the ground color in the days of skin garments, are to her as the parched grass and the desert.  She makes her strong color contrasts under the glare of the sun, whose brilliancy makes even her bright tones seem softened into tints.  This scheme of color has been called barbaric and crude, but then one must remember that in the days when the Indian woman made all her own color, mostly of vegetable dyes, she couldn't produce any of the strong, glaring colors they now get in analine dyes.

            The white man has tried to teach the young Indian that in order to be a so called civilized person, he must discard all such barbarisms.

            It must be remembered that most of the Indians of the Carlisle school have been under civilizing influences from early youth and have, in many instances, entirely lost the tradition of their people.  But even a few months have proved to me that none of their Indian instincts have perished but have only lain dormant.  Once awakened it immediately became active and produced within a year some of the designs you have seen.

            I have taken care to leave my pupil's creative faculty absolutely independent and to let each student draw from his own mind, true to his own thought, and, as much as possible, true to his tribal method of symbolic design.

            The work now produced at Carlisle, in comparison with that of general school work would impress one with the great difference between the White and Indian designer.  No two Indian drawings are alike and every one is original work.  Each artist has his own style.  What is more, the best designs were made by my artist students away from my supervision.  They came to me for material to take to their rooms and some of the designs for rugs that you have seen were made in the students' play hour, away from the influence of others--alone with their inspiration, as an artist should work.  It may interest you to know that my pupils never use practice paper.  With steady and unhesitating hand and mind, they put down permanently the lines and color combinations that you see in their designs.

            We can perpetuate the use of Indian designs by applying them on modern articles of use and ornament that the Indian is taught to make.  I ask my pupils to make a design for a frieze for wall decoration, also borders for printing, designs for embroidery of all kinds, for wood-carving and pyrography, and designs for rugs.

            I studied the Persian art of weaving from some Persians, because I saw from the start the style of conventional designing produced by Indian school pupils suggested more of this kind of weaving.  We shall use the Navajo method as well, but the oriental method allows more freedom to carry out the more intricate designs. The East Indian and the American Indian designs are somewhat similar in line and color, especially those of the Kasak make.

            I discourage any floral designs such as are seen in Ojibway beadwork.  Indian art seldom made any use of the details of plant forms, but typified nature in its broader aspects, using also animal forms and symbols of human life.

            With just a little further work along these lines I feel that we shall be ready to adapt our Indian talents to the daily needs and uses of modern life.  We want to find a place for our art even as the Japanese have found a place for theirs throughout the civilized world.  The young Indian is now mastering all the industrial trades, and according to the wishes of the Honorable Indian Commissioner, there is no reason why the Indian workman should not leave his own artistic mark on what he produces.

************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 4, No 1, September 6, 1907


Won by California


            Since June the 20th Miss DeCora our Teacher of Native American Art spent the summer in the west and middle-west.  She had on display some fine specimens of Indian art at the National Education Association held in Los Angeles, Cal.  She arrived last Friday somewhat tired after a long journey but wore a smile.  The California sunshine made an excellent impression on her but with the cool breezes from the Japan current, the fragrances from the many varieties of flowers, the fruit growing all around her could not stop her complexion from turning to a beautiful brown.

            Miss DeCora remarked with strong emphasis that she would rather live in California than any other place in the world.  She spoke of the people of Los Angeles as being kind, sturdy and full of ambition and with whom one can get acquainted very quickly.

            She visited Sherman Institute which is situated in a deep, wide, fertile romantic valley of Riverside county and speaks highly of the place.  While at Sherman she was entertained by an eagle dance.  The participants were Hopi children of that Institution.  She also visited Long Beach, Redlands and many other places of interest.

            On her return home she stopped at Albuquerque met and was received by friends formerly of this school.  As she came further east she stopped at Omaha and visited the Winnebago reservation, the place of her birth.  From there to Carlisle she was accompanied by her cousin Charles LaMere.

                                                                                    --Californian, '09 ['07]


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 3, Friday, September 20, 1907


            Joseph Blackhawk, a Winnebago, cousin of Miss DeCora, our art teacher, leaves this week for Hampton, Va., where he is taking a post-graduate course in scientific agriculture.

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            James Thorpe expects to make the varsity team this fall, although this is his first year.

************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 4, No 4, Friday, September 27, 1907


Round Table Conference


Note: The conference was conducted by the Hon. Francis E. Leupp, Commissioner of Indian affairs, during the Institute held at Los Angeles, Calif., July 8-12, 1907, and was held immediately after the adjournment of a general session, which concluded with a paper on Native Indian Art, read by Miss Angel DeCora, and a lesson demonstrating practical orange culture, presented by Miss Maggie Naff with a class of Indian pupils, and the preliminary marks of the Commissioner refer to these exercises.


Nearly everybody else has had a demonstration here, and now I want one of my own. . . .

            These boys, like the others at Sherman Institute, are learning not simply the lessons taught in books, but more valuable things how to carry responsibility, how to take care of themselves, how to hold their own against the whites. . . 

            I want to say just a word about Miss Angel De Cora’s address.  When it is printed I hope you will all read it, because Miss De Cora could not speak loud enough for all of you to hear, on account of the condition of her throat.  Somebody came to me this morning and wanted to know if I had seen an article in the local press in which doubt was expressed whether she would have the support of the authorities in such work as she is doing!  As the idea of reviving, or perpetuating, Indian art and its ideals, was one of my earliest aspirations and as I had to struggle hard with Miss De Cora to induce her to leave the private practice of her profession and come in with us and take up this task because I thought her better fitted for it than anyone else I know, I feel that I am reasonably safe in prophesying that, through this administration at least, she will have “the authorities” behind her.

************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 4, No 10, Friday, November 1, 1907


            The art class is now weaving rugs, and like the change of work very much.  It will take some time to finish one of the rugs.  But they will be finished, as they are all working hard. ************************************************************************

The Arrow, Vol 4, No 18, January 3, 1908


            Miss DeCora, the teacher of Indian Art, spent a most enjoyable season in Philadelphia and other points, returning much improved in health and spirits. [just got married]


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 20, January 17, 1908


Indian Art


            A beautiful specimen of primitive Indian art, as taught in our Art Department, which is under the instruction of Miss Angel DeCora, is now hanging on the wall in the Mercer library, and is the subject of much admiration by the many visitors of the institution.

            A large full length photography of Major Mercer in the full uniform [of] his rank is surrounded by a heavy massive frame of poplar, which has been carved by hand in base relief with beautiful designs of purely Indian character.

            The design which is intricate yet distinctively Indian is the work of Allie Bareing, an Arapahoe, and shows originality of idea and a knowledge of the theory of design, which she has carried through the entire subject.

            The carving which is as nearly perfect as possible was done by DeWitt Wheeler, a Sioux, and Ferris Paisano, a Pueblo, both of whom have exercised patience, care and study in bringing their handiwork to successful completion.

            In the attempt to carry out the wishes of the Indian Office on the line of the preservation of Indian art Carlisle undoubtedly takes the lead, and the various beautiful designs in blankets, rugs, etc., which are being turned out by the pupils under Miss DeCora’s instruction is certainly a credit to any institution and is the pride of Carlisle. ************************************************************************The Arrow, Volume 4, No 22, Friday, January 24, 1908


The Baskets of the Zuni


            The Zuni Indians make great use of baskets, especially in connection with grinding flour.  They commonly employ for this purpose coiled baskets which they obtain by trade from the Apache and Piute and value highly.  They, themselves, manufacture wicker baskets which are not much esteemed.  The industry is entirely confined to women.  They employ an awl of deer bone, and use some six kinds of willow, which they make into circular trays and bowls, tsi-lai.  One kind, salt willow, is used for baskets to hold paper bread in the house, the willow giving it a salt flavor, and another kind, "smooth" willow, for baskets to hold bread at meals; white and yellow willow baskets are used for cornmeal; those of red willow as colanders for washing wheat and hominy, and those of mak tsu-tsi as sieves for wheat and beans.  White willow baskets are painted with white clay, stained red, yellow or black with native dyes or now dyed with aniline dyes, for use in dances.  Either white willow, or all, the different kinds of willow mixed together, are employed for this purpose.  These sacred baskets, tha-li-nai, are used to hold plume sticks, masks, etc.

            The women have a dance in the fall, called Abyuna, in which they use baskets painted with different colors.  It is said that the name is Pima, and that the dance, which is danced to secure rain, was brought to Zuni not many years ago by two old men who visited the Pima with Mr. Cushing.  An inverted painted basket, corresponding with the box or gourd resonator of the Hopi, is put under the notched stick, ki-wi-a-nan-nai, which is scraped with a stick as an accompaniment to dances.

            The Zuni also manufacture small globular baskets of salt willow in which they collect locusts used as food.  Panniers to carry peaches, melons, cucumbers and other fruit are made of red willow.  Twilled baskets of yucca, similar to those seen at other pueblos, are used to dip up salt from Salt Lake.  The art of making these baskets, which are called ho-tsi-lai, was learned from Acoma.  The Zuni also make a rectangular twilled tray of the same material, with an edge of cedar or oak, which they use to put paper bread on, or to lay long plume sticks or images upon at the Yellow and Blue Corn dances.  These swallowing sticks were formerly placed upon such trays at the Stick-swallowing dance.

            The Zuni formerly had a number of old coiled globular and jar-shaped baskets, the origin of which is not definitely known.  The pitch-covered water bottles which they use come from the White Mountain Apache or the Navajo.

            A splendid collection of these Zuni baskets may be seen in the Leupp Art Studio.


The Arrow, Volume 4, No 23, Friday, January 31, 1908


Indian Art


(Opinion of an Authority) [from Leupp’s speech, The Arrow, May 4, 1905]


            The thoughtless make sport of the Indian's love of personal adornment, forgetting that nature has given him an artistic instinct of which this is merely the natural expression.  What harm does it do to him that he likes a red kerchief around his neck or feels a thrill of pride in the silver buckle on his belt?  Does not the banker in the midst of civilization wear a scarf pin and a watch chain, and fasten his linen cuffs with links of gold?  The highest of us is none the worse for the love of what is bright and pleasant to the eye.  Our duty is plainly not to strangle the Indian's artistic craving, but to direct it into a channel where its satisfaction will bear the best fruit for himself and the world.

            A white visitor among the Moqui in Arizona, looking at some of the earthenware, course and rude in quality, but ornamented elaborately with symbolic figures of serpents and lighting and clouds and dropping rain, remarked on the symmetrical grace of the outline of a certain vase.  A friend rebuked him with the comment that the Indian who made that vase would have been better employed hoeing in his corn patch at the foot of the mesa.

            The criticism was founded on a wrong principle.  Here was a piece of work showing real artistic spirit.  Hoeing corn is right enough, but we can not all hoe corn.  Some of us must teach, and some write for the press, and some sell goods, and some build houses.  We are all equally producers, and if it were not for diversity of occupation and production the world would be a cheerless and uncomfortable place indeed.  Corn will feed us, but it will not clothe us or shelter us or furnish us with mental occupation.  Aside entirely from the question of the relation of diversified production to the higher civilization, we may well ask ourselves whether beauty has no place in the social economy.  We can live without it, but life is certainly fuller for having it.  The vase has its use in the world as well as the ear of corn.--Ex.


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 25, Friday, February 21, 1908


From Commissioner’s Report


            An interesting feature of the Los Angeles institute was an exhibit of native Indian art, prepared by Miss Angel DeCora, a Winnebago and art instructor at the Carlisle school, Pennsylvania.  All of it attracted marked attention, but especially the specimens illustrating aboriginal ideas in decoration. -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -          

Distinguished Anthropologist


            During the past week the Teacher's Club has been entertaining one of the most famous anthropologists of the day in the person of Dr. Franz Boaz, of New York City, who is the guest of Miss DeCora, our teacher of Native Indian Art, and a friend of many years. 

            On Wednesday evening the learned gentleman delivered a lecture to the student body along the line of Indian Art, and tracing the various designs used by the Indians in basketry and pottery from different sections of the world back to one general design and to the carrying out of a well-defined plan and scheme.

            Dr. Boaz is a man of very extensive travel and experience and has devoted his entire life thus far to the study of anthropology and is an authority the world over.  Born in Westphalia, N. W. Prussia, he attended the universities of Heidelberg, Bonn and Keil, receiving the degree of Ph. D. in 1891.

            Dr. Boaz spent a couple of years in the Artic regions and also some years in British Columbia investigating the usages and customs of the Indians, and was the chief assistant at the Worlds Exposition in Chicago of the Anthropological department.  He was lecturer at Columbia University and Curator of the American Museum of Natural History.  Dr. Boaz holds membership in all the anthropological societies and has published many works on Indian subjects.

            Dr. Boaz is here at Carlisle interviewing various of the students getting data and information which will be of great value to him in his present undertaking, that of grammaticizing the Shoshoni language.

            The learned doctor leaves on Friday for his museum duties in New York amid the best wishes of many new friends.


The Arrow, Volume 4, No 27, Friday, March 6, 1908


Encouraging Letter


Light Street, PA., March 1, 1908.


            Dear Friend:--I received your most welcome letter some time ago but sorry I did not get to answer it.  I am well and having the best of board and lodging so I guess I can't complain.  I am getting along very good in my school.  I have taken up the eighth grade this year and will be ready to take the final examination for high school in a few weeks.  We are having a very stormy day and likely we will have a late spring.

            I have a very good teacher.  We are working difficult problems and we have to hand in five problems every morning so it doesn't give me much time to sleep, but I do not regret it.  The little boy that came with me works up the river about six miles and I was up to see one Sunday afternoon and he told me he would pay me a visit but he never came.

            The farmers are scouring up their plows and getting ready for business.

            Well, give my best regards to my cousin, Miss Decora, and write again.  I will now come to a close with regards.

            I remain your devoted friend.            


                                                            CHARLES LAMERE


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 36, Friday, May 8, 1908


Practical Photography at Carlisle


            In connection with the arrival here Mary 1st of Mr. E. E. Strong, it will be of interest to the readers of The Arrow to know that the work in photography at this school is to be developed into a regular department of instruction.  Mr. Strong is a practical photographer, having been in business in New York state for a number of years and comes prepared, not only to turn out artistic photographs, but to instruct a select number of students as well.  His headquarters will, of course, be in the Leupp Art Studio.

            It is intended to make the Art Studio the business center for sending out Indian blankets and other products of the native Indian craftsman.  This department is but one of the great benefits which is due to the existence here of our athletic association.

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Indian Curio Shop


            People of he East who are lovers of Indian Handicrafts, who like to buy the real thing at a reasonable price, are invited to inspect our Curio Department in the Leupp Studio.  We have some Navajo Blankets, Beadwork, Baskets, Pottery, etc.  Mail orders solicited.  All goods guaranteed as represented. ************************************************************************The Arrow, Vol 4, No 37, Friday, May 15, 1908


Studying Indian Art.


            Mr. Paul Radin, a member of the faculty of Columbia University, is here to look into the development of the Indian art work.  He is making a study of the question and is here to see the classes and interview Mrs. DeCora Dietz, who is in charge of the Art Department.


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 38, Friday, May 22, 1908




Navajo Indian


And Other Curios


            A very nice assortment of Pueblo Pottery, Beadwork, Basket work, Silver work, Reed work, Weaving, etc., can be purchased at the Leupp Art Studio, right here at the School.  A nice feature of buying Indian goods of this department is that the purchaser is assured of the genuineness of the article he buys.  Being connected with the United States Government, as a part of the Carlisle Indian School, no misrepresentation is possible and, at the same time, no exhorbitant [sic] price will be asked.  Besides articles of Indian manufacture from remote Reservations we have on sale Photographs of the school and prominent Indians who have visited us, Souvenir Postals, Sketches by our Native Indian Art Department, etc., which we offer at very reasonable prices.

            If you are interested in these goods and can visit us, we shall be glad to show you what we have; if not, and you will write us, we shall endeavor to give you any information we can.  Pottery from 15c up; Navajo Blankets from $5.00 up; Baskets from $1.00 up; Photos and views at all prices.  A large illustrated catalog of Carlisle for 25c.  Address all orders and other communications to


The Leupp Art Studio,

Carlisle, Pa.


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 41, Friday, June 12, 1908


Cleveland Program.


            We print below the program of the Department of Indian Education to be rendered at Cleveland, Ohio, June 29th to July 3:

            School commencements--Practical demonstration by students from Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa.  Rug weaving and designing--Mrs. Angel DeCora Dietz, instructor.  Oration: "My People,"--Elizabeth Penny, illustrated with five full-blood Nez Perce Indians in costume.

            Mrs. Angel De Cora Dietz, instructor in native Indian art, Carlisle Indian School, Pa. will display specimens of her pupils' work, showing what the Office is doing for the preservation of Indian art, and will explain to the teachers how best to carry on this work in the schools.  She will also give a demonstration of weaving, with a class of Indian children and native looms, showing how the Office is teaching the pupils to make practical application of these native designs in the manufacture of rugs of Persian and other weaves in common use.  This will eventually not only open up a larger field for the sale of the products of the Indian, but will enable him to make a practical contribution of the native art of America to the art of the world.


The Arrow, Vol 4, No 42, Friday, June 19, 1908.


            Mr. Dietz and his staff of designers are very busy preparing Indian designs for the Carlisle Indian School magazine which will make its appearance in the fall.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 1, Friday, September 11, 1908 [first name change to “Carlisle Arrow”]


            All the art work you see on The Arrow was done by Indians in the Carlisle Native Indian Art department. . . .

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Our Exhibit at Cleveland.


            Washington, D. C., Aug. 8, 1908. 

Editor The Arrow,

            U. S. Indian Industrial School,

                        Carlisle, Pa.

            The annual Institute of the Department of Indian Education was held at Cleveland, Ohio, the latter part of June, and the demonstration of rug-weaving by Miss Angel De Cora-Deitz, together with the oration, "My People," by Elizabeth Penny, illustrated with native songs and dances by five Indians in tribal costume, aided materially in making the meetings so successful.  These two features made such a deep impression at the first day's session it was necessary to repeat them on the second day, because of the large number of special requests to that effect.  The very excellent paper on "Horticulture and Landscape Gardening," by Mr. R. H. Hoffman, florist, will be published in our annual report, and will be of great service to the Indian workers in the field.

            Carlisle is to be congratulated on the splendid showing made by her students.

                                                Very respectfully,

                                                            E. Reel,

                                                Supt. of Indian Schools


            C. F. Larrabe

               Acting Commissioner.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 7, Friday, October 23, 1908


            Mr. and Mrs. Friedman and Mrs. DeCora-Dietz left Tuesday morning for Lake Mohonk, where they will be entertained by Hon. A. K. Smiley, at the Lake Mohonk Conference meeting.  Mr. Friedman and Mrs. DeCora-Dietz are on the program Indian day.

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 [artwork signed by “Lone Star.”] “An Initial Letter Cut by the Carlisle Native Indian Art Department” ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 8, October 30, 1908


            Notice the distinctly Indian-design heading of The Arrow this week.  It is a production of the Native Indian Art Department of this school.  It is after a Thunder-bird design of the Winnebago's. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Volume 5, No 12, Friday, November 27, 1908


The New Printing Department.


            The Arrow is issued this week from Carlisle's new printing department--The Carlisle Indian Press.  The move from the old shop to the new was made last week, and we are now located in our fine new building, just south of the Dining Hall.

            The industrial shops at this school have been re-equipped with the purpose in view of giving Indian youth the fullest opportunities for the best industrial training.  With this object in hand, and the additional one that much Departmental printing is expected to be executed here for the purpose of demonstrating to the "uninitiated" that Indians are capable of becoming real craftsmen, the Carlisle Indian Press was established.

            Our new building was planned solely for a print shop.  It is 50x80 feet, built with white brick and mission style roof.  The inside is cut up into five rooms and a lobby.  One-half the building is used for a combined composing and press-room; the other half is divided into business office, the lobby, a cutting and binding room, mailing room, wardrobe and lavatories. We have also three closets and the entire up stairs is finished to be used for a stock storeroom.

            The furnishings of our department were manufactured by the Hamilton Mfg. Co., and are in mission finish, weathered oak.  The machinery at present consists of a power Oswego cutting machine, Boston wire stitcher, Stimpson punching machine, Rosback perforator, Challenge Gordon 12x18 jobber, C. & P. 14x20 jobber, Pearl press and Miehle two-revolution.  All machinery is run by individual motors.  A full equipment of new type and other material, all modern and labor-saving, has been added to the best that was saved out of our old equipment.

            It is unnecessary for us to say we have the "finest print shop in the Service," but we will say that the printers are very proud of their department and expect to show, by the quality of their productions, that nowhere (in all this country) will a boy find such grand and complete opportunities for learning this fine trade as will be found right here in the printing department of [t]he Carlisle Indian School.

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The Indian Art Department.


            Thirteen students in Indian Art are now enjoying the many advantages offered by the new art department.  The new room is twice the size of the old one and shows the work of The Indian Craftsman to good advantage.  Susie Porter has just completed her first rug and is proving to be a very apt and painstaking student.  The work of the three Hopi students, William Nahongavi, Glenn Josytewa and Joshua Hermeyesva, is very near perfect.


The Carlisle Arrow, Volume 5, No 14, Friday, December 11, 1908


General School News.


The Native Indian Art Department of Carlisle is advertising at least a little of its beautiful work by illustrations in The Arrow, at once artistic in conception and striking in execution.--Indian's Friend.

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John Baptiste received an official appointment from the Smithsonian Institution accompanied by a railroad ticket and was ordered to report at once to Columbia college, New York City, where he will assist Professor Radin.  It will be remembered that Professor Radin spent a part of the summer here this year.  John is a Carlisle graduate and possesses the qualifications for success.--Winnebago Chieftain.         


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 19, Friday, January 15, 1909


            "How to get Results with Older Pupils in the Primary Grade," was the subject ably handled by Miss Hetrick at the teachers' meeting held on the 12th inst.  Mr. Stauffer also furnished the teachers with new material for a Lincoln and Washington Day programs.  At our next meeting Mrs. DeCora-Dietz will take up that part of the course of study which relates to Native Indian Art.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 21, January 29, 1909


            The classes in native art work have completed the study of Sioux Symbols and are now studying the Arapaho.  Fannie Charley is working on a fancy pillow-top.  The design is Indian, worked in colors.  A number of red and old gold pillow-tops have been completed.

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            Miss Andrus, from Hampton Institute, paid a short visit to this school this week.  The Hampton students were extremely glad to see her and have a talk with her about their friends and other things concerning Hampton.  Miss Andrus has charge of the Indian museum there and is greatly interested in all Indian work.

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Notes of the Art Department.


                        Lottie Tramper and Fannie Charley have each completed two pretty sofa pillow tops.  They are made in Carlisle colors.

            Another rag rug has been finished by Rose Whipper in the Art Room.  These are very pretty, and serviceable as well.  They are especially adapted for bath-room use.

            Mrs. F. G. Hoyt, of Albany, N. Y., while attending the Mohonk Conference in New York last fall, ordered a rug two by three feet.  The rug has just been finished by Ethel Daniels and is very beautiful.

            Dr. Stratton, director of the School of Industrial Art, of Philadelphia, paid a visit to the school last Friday.  He was greatly impressed with Carlisle and was wonderfully pleased with the work being done in the Art Department.  He believes that Indian designing is one of the coming things in American Art.  Mr. Stratton enjoys the reputation of being at the head of America’s foremost school in the advancement of arts for practical purposes.  He also states that Rueben Sundown and Thomas Saul are making rapid strides at his school in Philadelphia. ************************************************************************

The Indian Craftsman--By Indians, Vol 1, No 2, February 1909

Native Indian Art


            Nearly every one who has given thought to the elevation and assimilation of the Indian people seems to be interested in the development and utilization of what is available, distinctive and appropriate in the Indian life.  The Indian possesses much that is not only valuable for historical reasons, but should be preserved because of its intrinsic worth.  Acting upon this principle, there has been established at this school, through the efforts of Commissioner Leupp, a department of Native Indian Art.  The instructors in this department are Mrs. Angel DeCora-Dietz, a Winnebago Indian, and her husband, William Dietz, a Sioux.  Some of the results they have obtained can be seen in this initial number of The Indian Craftsman.  The cover page, embellishments, initial letters, and borders have all been designed by Indians, and indicate that after all the art of the aboriginal American has much in it that is beautiful and valuable.


Our Own Photographs


            The photographs of the school which appear in this number, and will from time to time appear in subsequent numbers of the CRAFTSMAN, are the product of the Leupp Art Studio.  This building was erected by the Athletic Association about two years ago.  It is a medium for distributing some of the handwork of our students and the products of the older Indians on the reservations.  We aim to help the older Indians dispose of their blankets, baskets, pottery, beadwork, etc., at a price which will be a fair remuneration to the worker, as well as a reasonable price to the buyer.  The Studio is not conducted for making money, but rather in order to assist in the development of Indian art and Indian handicraft.

            A photograph gallery is operated in connection therewith, affording some of our boys an opportunity for the study of photography.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vo. 5, No 22, February 5, 1909


Indians Studying Art.


            Among the student body of the School of Industrial Art, Philadelphia, are two Indians, one a Sioux and the other of the Seneca tribe.  They are Thomas Saul, or “Wanyey’[”] Speeding Arrow, and Rueben Charles whose Indian name, “Gwee-yeh-is,” means Sundown.  They have been awarded the Gillespie Scholarship by the Carlisle Indian school and are being trained in art.  Saul is taking a course in illustrating and Charles will study interior decorating.—Carlisle Volunteer.

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            Mr. Peter Paquette, superintendent at Ft. Defiance, Arizona, brought in a nice class of Navajo students last week.  Some of these boys are excellent Navajo silversmiths and will join our Native Art Department.  Mr. Paquette was a guest here several days and looked carefully into our work.  He was much pleased, especially with our shops.  He left for Washington Friday noon.

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An Excellent Magazine.


            The first number of The Indian Craftsman from the press of the Carlisle school is at hand and we wish to congratulate the institution on being able to present such an excellent magazine as the first number.  The Craftsman contains a number of very interesting articles and the workmanship is first-class in all respects.—The Weekly Review, Flandreau, South Dakota. ************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 23, February 12, 1909


First Issue of The Indian Craftsman.


            The first number of the Craftsman, our monthly publication, is out.  The work on it is a credit to all the boys.  All the composition was practically executed by this year's apprentices and the press-work was done by four boys who never before attempted to handle a cylinder press.  These boys are taking hold in the right way and each number will probably show an improvement in the press-work, as they become more familiar with their work and the machinery.  These boys are: Frank Lonestar, Chippewa; Harrison Smith, Oneida; Roy Large, Shoshone, and Louis Roy, Sioux.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 26, Friday, March 5, 1909


            Mr. William Deitz, instructor in Native Art, is on a short visit to Philadelphia to purchase tools for the silversmiths.


 The Indian Craftsman--By Indians, Vol 1, No 3, April 1909


Indians to Foster Their Native Art: From The Philadelphia Ledger


Among the student body of the School of Industrial Art are two Indians, one a Sioux, and the other of the Seneca tribe.

            They are Thomas Saul, or "Wanyeya"--Speeding Arrow--and Reuben Charles, whose Indian name, "Gwee-yeh-is," means Sundown.

            They have been awarded the Gillespie Scholarship by the Carlisle Indian School and are being trained in art.  Saul is taking a course in illustrating and Charles will study interior decorating.

            Just as Greek and Egyptian art have been made much of in schools, it is the aim to foster the artistic instincts of the Indian instead of blotting out all his tendencies and civilizing him too completely.

            Francis E. Leupp, Commissioner of Indian Affairs at Washington, introduced the study and fostering of native Indian art at Carlisle.  Superintendent Friedman, of Carlisle, is entirely in sympathy with this movement and during the year he has been in office has done wonderful work in developing it.

            Mr. Friedman has eight Navajo Indians who are expert workers in silver, on their way from the Southwest to Carlisle.*  They will carry on their craft at the Indian school with the advantage of instruction in design and the most modern equipment.

            The art department at Carlisle is under the direction of Mrs. Angel de Cora-Dietz, a Winnebago Indian, and her husband, William Dietz--Lone Star--who are working to develop the arts of blanket weaving and working metals.

            Mr. Howard Fremont Sratton, director of the art department of the School of Industrial Art, in an interview, says of this work:

            "We have here in our country an opportunity for studying the transition of a primitive people from their peculiar elemental art to a more advanced type.  I refer, of course, to the native Indian.

            "The policy of the government, which assumes the guardianship of these tribes, has hitherto been to stamp out all natural tendencies, fancies, traditions and feelings, and all individual spirit in  . . .  [rest cut off]


*These Navajo Indians arrived at the school recently from Arizona.  A number of special benches have been built in our carpenter shop and tools have already been purchased.  This important division of the work will soon be under way.--Editor.

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Indian Art a Reality


            Particular attention is called to that portion of the article recopied from the Philadelphia Ledger dealing with the development of Native Indian Art which deals with the general principles underlying this attempted endeavor to utilize what is best in the art of the American aborigine, and is quoted directly as given out in an interview by Dean H. F. Stratton, who is at the head of the Philadelphia School of Industrial Art.

            Professor Stratton is a trained artist and one of America's foremost educators in art.  In fact, the school of which he is at the head is undoubtedly one of the very finest schools of Industrial Art in the world.  That what he says on this subject is of great importance, and commands respect and thorough consideration because it is given from a life which has been spent in the study of art matters, goes without saying.  It may be that a reasonable amount of doubt could be expected should such conclusions be presented by a person who had neither experience in art nor a knowledge of the Indian and his environment.

            The publishers of the CRAFTSMAN attach a special importance to this interview because the Carlisle school has, during the past year, been making an especial effort to bring to the surface the best that is within the Indian and building thereupon, instead of crushing out of him the native inherent qualities which will mean so much in his development.

            Commissioner Leupp has been a pioneer in this movement and it was through his efforts that the art department was established, and because of his encouragement that Carlisle has made such strides as to win public recognition during the past year.

            Through the influence of Congressman M. E. Olmstead of this district, and the generosity of Governor Edwin S. Stuart of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, there was recently presented to Isaac Quinn, a Sioux Indian of this school, a free scholarship in addition to the two which are already filled at present in the Philadelphia School of Industrial Art.

            The Art instructors are aiming, at present, at an enlargement of this work at Carlisle, and by means of the cooperation of, and the extended training which our students can obtain in the Philadelphia School, it is hoped to do much, not only in aiding certain individuals to obtain an artistic education, but in further developing, broadening, and adapting the peculiar artistic talent which belongs to the entire Indian race.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 34, Friday, April 30, 1909


            Mrs. William Deitz, our Indian teacher, is busy getting things for the Indian Exhibition in South America.  She has selected two rugs, one a Persian weave and the other a Hopi Indian weave.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 25, May 7, 1909


            William Deitz, the talented artist of the Indian school, whose Indian name is William Lone Star, has a comical picture in the current number of “Judge.”  William is becoming famous.  He teaches art at the school and is a good speciman of the educated Red Man.—Carlisle Sentinel. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 37, May 21, 1909


General School News.


The printers are feeling "puffed up" over two letters displayed on our bulletin board.  One is from The American Printer, New York City; the other from The Public Printer, in charge of the Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.  They both compliment us very highly on the results of our efforts.  Several other such letters are also displayed.

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Indian Art A Coming Thing.


            Dr. Stratton, director of the School of Industrial Art, of Philadelphia, was greatly impressed with Carlisle during a recent visit, and much pleased with the work done in the Art Department.  He believes that Indian designing is one of the coming things in American Art.  Mr. Stratton enjoys the reputation of being at the head of America's foremost school in the advancement of arts for practical purposes and his opinion may therefore be taken as that of an expert.--Indians Friend.


The Arrow, Vol 5, No 35, June 4, 1909


            About two dozen of the employes [sic] took advantage of the holiday Monday, and the beautiful weather, and went out to Mt. Holly for a picnic.  A very delightful afternoon was passed out there, the best part of which was the “spread” served by the ladies of the party.  The picnic developed two things: that Mr. Ramsey knows something about coffee-making and that Lone Star is the champion eater. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 41, Friday, June 18, 1909


            The printing department is under obligation to the young ladies from girls quarters who have helped us, from time to time, during the past school term.  The services rendered were not only appreciated, but were perfectly satisfactory in every way.

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            Mrs. Deitz our able Indian Art instructor, has placed on exhibition in the art room a fine collection of Indian designs--the work of students of various grades. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 5, No 42, June 25, 1909


Mr. Leupp's Resignation and President Taft's Reply.


My dear Mr. President:


            Three months ago, when at your personal request I withdrew my resignation, I did so in good faith, believing that I should find it practicable to continue my work as Commissioner of Indian Affairs for a considerable period still.  The experiment has not proved a success.  I have found myself more tired than I supposed, and shall need a longer resting-spell than I can afford to take with the responsibilities of office on me.  I am physically as sound as ever, but for my fagged nerves.  Very much to my regret, therefore, I shall have to ask you to release me from my promise, and let me carry out my original plan of resigning my commission so that I can spend the whole coming season in the mountain country unweighted with the anxieties which heretofore proved fatal to my every attempt at a real vacation.

            As the Indian Office is now in fine working order, and its machinery in the hands of a competent corps of men, all identified with the progressive policies we have been pursuing, I feel that there could be no more opportune time than the present for my retirement, and shall ask to be relieved at the close of business on June 15, or as soon thereafter as suits your convenience.  I have communicated my purpose to nobody outside of my own family except yourself, Secretary Ballinger and Assistant Commissioner Valentine.  In maintaining this secrecy I have had in view not only my obligation to you, but the desire to avoid the pain of taking formal leave of the members of my official staff, whose loyalty has won for them a very warm place in my heart.

            The sympathetic approval you have always given to the work done by the Indian Service during the last four and one-half years, leads me to hope that my successor may be one who will carry it forward along the same constructive lines.  If so, he may count upon any assistance I can give him; for my interest in the solution of our great problem is in no wise abated because prudential considerations demand that I lay aside the direct responsibilities borne so long.

            With thanks for all the kindness and courtesy I have received at your hands, and with every good wish for the continued success of your administration, I am

                                                                        Sincerely yours,

                                                                                    Francis E. Leupp.


To the President.



Dear Mr. Leupp:


            Secretary Ballinger has handed me your letter of resignation as commissioner of Indian affairs.  In accepting your resignation I wish to express my appreciation of your indefatigable labors in advancing the interests of the Indian service, and my regret that the condition of your health impels you to withdraw from further active connection therewith.

            I sincerely trust that your relief of the responsibilities of this position will fully enable you to regain your health, and with the kindest regards and best wishes, I am,                                          

                                                            William H. Taft.


The Indian Craftsman, Vol 2, No 1, September 1909 


Indian Art Attracting Much Attention.


The Winona Printer, a publication of the Winona Technical Institute, Winona, Indiana, recently issued an "Indian" edition in which were used a great many Indian initial letters, borders, illustrations, tail pieces, etc., loaned them by the Carlisle Indian Press.  The edition was a work of art and a great compliment to Carlisle.

            The art work, as produced by the Native Indian Art Department, under Mrs. Angel DeCora-Deitz and "Lone Star," and given circulation by our printing department, has caused wide comment and attracted so much attention that we are constantly replying to communications from all parts of the country asking our cooperation in helping other shops to get hold of some of this art work to be used in executing the higher and better grades of printing .

            Owing to the particular style of its, work, The Carlisle Indian Press is receiving daily requests for samples of work from the noted printing establishments of the country.  In this particular it might be added that in recent issues of The American Printer, The Inland Printer, and The Printing Art, the three leading exponents of typographical art in this country, favorable comment has been made, not only of the excellency of the work produced by the Carlisle Indian apprentices, but of the beautiful results gotten by the combination of their talent as craftsmen in both branches of the work.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 1, September 10, 1909


A Word [work?] of High Art.


            The Indians of Carlisle School are issuing a very creditable monthly magazine, known as The Indian Craftsman, which shows marked ability on the part of all who have any connection with the publication.  The book is a work of high art, not only in the matter of reading matter, which is well selected and well written, but also in the make-up and press work as well.  The mechanical work, which is done by apprentice-students, under the direction of the superintendent of printing at the school, would do credit to any high-class establishment.—Every Evening, Wilmington, Del., July 26. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 2, September 17, 1909


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Deitz . . . Teacher Nat. Ind. Art

Wm. H. Deitz . . . Asst. Teacher Nat. Ind. Art . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 4, October 1, 1909


Indians Doing Excellent Work.


            The Indian Craftsman, bearing the imprint of the Carlisle Indian Press, United States Indian School, Carlisle, Pa., is an interesting magazine with illuminated cover and attractive illustrations.  The design of the cover of the June issue is by William Deitz, a Sioux known as “Lone Star” and the contents include “Legends, Stories, Customs,” by Carlisle Indian students.  The leading feature is a batch of extracts from personal letters written by Commissioner Leupp to various persons who have addressed him personally on matters of interest to workers in the Indian field.  The other contributions are: “A Chickasaw Tradition,” by A. Patton . . . .Enclosed with the issue as received by The Evening Wisconsin, are neatly printed booklets and artistic wall leaflets bearing impressive advice from various sources.  These auxiliaries to the magazine itself show that the Carlisle Indian Press is capable of doing excellent work.—The Evening Wisconsin, (Milwaukee), August 17, 1909.

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            Mr. Dietz, our instructor in silver-smithing, has moved form the academic building to the shop building.  He is quite pleased with his new quarters.

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            Mr. Herr, and his assistants, have recently placed in the lobby of the Indian Press two large wall cases with glass doors.  These cases will be used for the display of Carlisle Indian Handicraft made by students of the Native Art Department under the direction of Mr. And Mrs. Dietz.  The cases are nicely made and came from the carpenter shop.


The Arrow, Vol 6, No 10, November 5, 1909


A Halloween Frolic.


            Spirits and sprites, black cats and other creatures of mystery held high carnival in the gymnasium last Monday night, the occasion being the long anticipated bal masque of the employes.  The gymnasium had been arrayed in the autumn garb of shocked corn and chrysanthemums, and the entertainment committee added to the Hallowe’en effect by having apples hung on strings and bobbing in tubs of water placed about the room.  The grand march of all masqueraders began the program. . . . and then the prizes were announced.  Mr. Whitwell awarded them as follows: To the most artistic costume, Miss Johnston, who appeared as a cadet; to the most ridiculous costume, Mrs. Dietz, who appeared as a black cat, and to the most complete disguise, to Miss Reichel, who represented an Aunt Dinah from Dixie . . . ************************************************************************

The Arrow, Vol 6, No 15, December 17, 1909


The Native Indian Art Department has on display and for sale in the lobby of the Print Shop a variety of articles, including rugs of various weaves, cushion covers, Hopi scarfs, and bead watch fobs.  The product of this department offers many timely suggestions to the Christmas shopper. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 20, January 21, 1910


The Monthly Faculty Meeting.


            The faculty meeting, which was scheduled for Wednesday night following the monthly address to the students by the superintendent, and which was postponed until Thursday afternoon, so that all could attend the Albright-Carlisle basket-ball game, proved of especial interest, owing to the excellence of the papers presented.  The articles prepared by Mrs. Deitz on "The Indian and Art," Mr. Stauffer on "The Indian and Music," and Mrs. Henderson on "The Indian and American History," were read and aroused great interest and some discussion among all who heard them.  The papers all showed familiarity with the subjects considered and contained much interesting data and useful suggestion.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 21, January 28, 1910


            At the Catholic meeting last Sunday evening Mr. and Mrs. Deitz were visitors.  We are always glad to have any of the employees present at our meetings.

The Arrow--February 1910??? Can’t find!! Indian Craftsman?

[picture of Angel in beaded dress]


Angel DeCora


A Representative of the Winnebago Woman

Copyright Photo by Hensel, Carlisle

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 22, February 4, 1910


“The Fra” Visits Us.


            The printing department was honored last week by a visit from one of the world’s most famous printers, Elbert Hubbard, of the Roycrofters, East Aurora, New York.  He was very much interested in our shop and did not hesitate to say, in no uncertain language, what he thought of our work—and what it was doing for the Indian Service and the Indian.  Mr. Hubbard’s words were very encouraging and his visit an inspiration.  He spent a couple of hours going through our institution, and a number of our teachers and instructors enjoyed his lecture that night at the Carlisle Opera House.

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            The Art Department is an interesting place to visit, for many different occupations are represented: basket-weaving, original designing, bead work, and free-hand and mechanical-drawing.  Every girl bends over her work with an air of interest and devotion truly surprising.  The room, with its yellow and purple shades of decorations, is quite Oriental in appearance and appeals very strongly to the artistic sense.

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            The silversmiths have finished some very pretty bracelets and candlesticks.  The designs on the bracelets are entirely original and they show excellent taste as well as decided talent for designing.  The candlesticks would ornament any mantel.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 23, February 11, 1910


            The Art Department has lately received from the School of Arts in Philadelphia, for a present, three large boxes which contained casts, masks, architectural ornaments, and animals in bas-relief. ************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 24, February 18, 1910


About Carlisle Athletics.


Presentation of C's.


            An enthusiastic demonstration was given the winners of the Carlisle C at the annual athletic celebration in the Auditorium last Friday night.  Coach Warner presided at the meeting, the C men occupied the front seats in the auditorium, and the School Band seated on the stage, furnished music for the occasion.

            A brief account of the past year's athletic activities at Carlisle was given by Mr. Warner, who then introduced Captain Wauseka of the basketball team. . . .

            Dr. William Mann Irvine, president of Mercerburg Academy, was next introduced and spoke on the benefits which come to a school and to its individual members as a result of a strong interest in good, clean athletics.  His remarks were greeted with great applause.

            An added feature of the program was a talk delivered in the Winnebago language by First Chief, who was visiting his cousin Mrs. Dietz.  He appeared in gorgeous Indian costume, and through Frank Johnson, who acted as interpreter, gave a clever and interesting talk.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 25, February 25, 1910


            The Standard Literary Society held a very interesting meeting in their hall Friday evening.  The question for the evening was: “Resolved, That the United States should permanently retain the Philippine Islands.”  The affirmative was upheld by Monteville Yuda and Francis Coleman, while Raymond Hitchcock and Alvin Kennedy defended the negative.  All the speakers were well prepared and they did remarkably well.  The judges decided in favor of the affirmative.  The visitors were Mrs. Dietz and Mr. King.

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            Anona Crow is now detailed to the Native Art Department and is busily engaged making bead fobs.  She likes her new work very much.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 28, March 18, 1910


            Mr. William Deitz, our silversmith, has been quite ill for the last few days.  At last reports he was feeling better and hopes to resume his duties soon.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 29, March 25, 1910


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Deitz . . . Teacher Nat. Ind. Art

Wm. H. Deitz . . . Asst. Teacher Nat. Ind. Art . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 30, April 1, 1910


            In the art room are many handsome rugs, the result of painstaking work on the part of both the instructor and the students of that department.  One of the handsomest was made by Susie Porter, from a Pueblo design.  The soft colors, so carefully blended, form a color plan that is both pleasing and restful to the eye.  Susie deserves commendation for her excellent work.

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            Mr. Warner and Mr. Deitz were kept very busy for several days retouching the scenery on the curtains in the auditorium; the result is a decided improvement.

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            Mr. and Mrs. Deitz are entertaining Mrs. Clapp and her daughter Miss Louise, and Miss Quimby of Northampton, Mass.  Mrs. Clapp and Miss Quimby have known Mrs. Dietz for many years and their friendship is of long standing.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 33, April 22, 1910


The Artists’ Picnic.


            Alice Jake, Marjorie Jackson, Susie Porter, Emma Rowland, Florence Whiteman, Nora McFarland, Sarah Montieth, Marie Cox, Anna Miles, Mollie Mantel, Cora Battice, Sake Ingalls, and Mary C. Harris, with Mrs. Dietz, for chaperone, held a picnic at Holly Park, on the 16th.  They left here at ten o’clock, and returned at 5:30.  Immediately upon arrival they pitched their tent in the heart of the forest, where they were kept busy cooking, for every one was famished.  Sadie assumed the responsibility of most of the cooking while Susie and Marjorie acted as head waitresses.  Every one had to cook her own meat by holding it over the fire in true Indian fashion.  After luncheon until time to return, the party roamed around observing and enjoying the beautiful scenery for which Mt. Holly is famous.  The girls wish to thank Mrs. Dietz for her kindly chaperonage throughout that happy day. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 6, No 41, June 17, 1910.


            Mrs. Angel De Cora-Deitz, Indian art instructor, has gone to Northampton, Massachusetts, to attend Smith College commencement, of which institution she is an Alumnus.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 1, September 9, 1910,


Vacation News Notes.


            Mrs. Deitz spent a pleasant vacation here at the school and with Mrs. Pratt, a very dear friend of hers, at Amherst, New Hampshire.

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            Lone Star, artist for the Carlisle Indian Press, had a very pleasant trip in the Dakota country, and in visiting relatives--in Wisconsin and Minnesota.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 2, September 16, 1910


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Deitz . . . Teacher Nat. Ind. Art

Wm. H. Deitz . . . Asst. Teacher Nat. Ind. Art . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 4, September 30, 1910


            The game Wednesday between the Indians and Muhlenburg was one-sided, Carlisle winning by 39 to 0.  Dupuis, Lone Star, Hauser, Wheelock and Jordan started. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 5, October 7, 1910


            The annual report is finished; all the work is being done by the Carlisle Indian Press.  It has a very beautiful cover designed by our artist Lone Star.

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            Mr. and Mrs. Deitz accompanied some girls to the Cave Sunday afternoon where they went boating to their great delight.

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            Cora Battice brought from her home in Oklahoma various kinds of beautiful bead work which was made by her mother who is an expert at that kind of work.  The art students appreciated them for they furnish new and clearer ideas in designing and stenciling. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 6, October 14, 1910


            Anna Miles, who has been studying art under the instruction of Mrs. Dietz, left last Monday morning for Philadelphia, where she will continue her studies in one of the art schools.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 9, November 4, 1910


            The Mercers gave the following program at their last meeting; Song, Mercers; penpicture, Della John; vocal solo, Emma Newashe; story, Rebeca Thomas.  The debate; resolved, “That the young man of today has greater opportunities for making life a success than had his forefathers[.]”  On affirmative side were Charlotte Welch and Ollie Bourbannais; negative, Helen Johnson [and] Rose Pickard, [.] The negative won.  Mrs. Deitz was the official visitor.

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About Carlisle Athletics.


            The official score of last Saturday’s game between Pennsylvania and Carlisle goes down in football history as 17 to 5 in favor of Quakers, but this does not give any idea of the relative strength of the two teams, nor indicate the splendid fighting spirit which Carlisle showed at Franklin Field in this annual gridiron battle.  Everyone who saw the game could not help but realize the fact that the Indians put up one of the grandest struggles every seen on a football field . . .

            The players who stood out prominently as always being in the thickest of the battle, were Captain Hauser, Newashe, Burd, Sweetcorn, Garlow and Wheelock, while Powell, Jordan, Bracklin and Lone Star were working up to their limit . . .


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 10, November11, 1910


The Masquerade Ball.


Robert Tahamont, Abenaki.


            The masquerade ball given by a party of girls in the gymnasium on the evening of October thirty-first, was, according to a statement made by Supt. Friedman, one of the finest “get-ups” ever given by the pupils. . . .

            There were pretty maids dressed in costumes representing Red Riding Hood, Gypsies, Swiss girls, Scotch girls, and many other quaint characters.  The boys represented Indians, monkeys, girls, darkies, tramps, rustic lassies and happy sons of Erin. . . .

            The prize for the best dressed couple was given to Mrs. Deitz and Suzanne Porter; they were dressed in hobble skirts with enormous peach-basket hats.  Texie Tubbs and Harry West were the winners of the prize-waltz. ************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 16, December 23, 1910


            A number of girls in the art department under the instruction of Mrs. Deitz, are making beautiful baskets for Christmas presents.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 17, December 30, 1910


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Deitz . . . Teacher Nat. Ind. Art

Wm. H. Deitz . . . Asst. Teacher Nat. Ind. Art . . . ************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 19, January 13, 1911


            In a very interesting game of basket-ball Tuesday evening the bachelors won from the married men by the score 11-19.  Grey, Ellis, Wheeler, Denny and Deitz, married; King, Wyatt, Mayhew, DeFoney and Garlow, unmarried.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 22, February 3, 1911


            The band has some new circulars and stationery.  Lone Star made the design, and it is a fine one. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 25, February 24, 1911


            Last week Mr. and Mrs. Deitz entertained Mr. and Mrs. Hallet Alberti and Mrs. Thomas Shea, of New York City.  Mrs. Alberti is an actress of note and Mr. Alberti is a noted tenor singer as well as a composer of acknowledged merit.  They were deeply interested in the school and in the work which was shown, ************************************************************************

The Red Man by Red Men, Vol 3, No 7, March 1911


Angel DeCora--An Autobiography:


            I was born in a wigwam, of Indian parents.  My father was the fourth son of the hereditary chief of the Winnebagoes.  My mother, in her childhood, had a little training in a convent, but when she married my father she gave up all her foreign training and made a good, industrious Indian wife.

            During the summers we lived on the Reservation, my mother cultivating her garden and my father playing the chief's son.  During the winter we used to follow the chase away off the Reservation, along rivers and forests.  My father provided not only for his family then, but his father's also.  We were always moving camp.  As a child, my life was ideal.  In all my childhood I never received a cross word from any one, but nevertheless, my training was incessant.  About as early as I can remember, I was lulled to sleep night after night by my father's or grandparent's recital of laws and customs that had regulated the daily life of my grandsires for generations and generations, and in the morning I was awakened by the same counselling.  Under the influence of such precepts and customs, I acquired the general bearing of a well-counselled Indian child, rather reserved, respectful, and mild in manner.

            A very promising career must have been laid out for me my grandparents, but a strange white man interrupted it.

            I had been entered in the Reservation school but a few days when a strange white man appeared there.  He asked me through an interpreter if I would like to ride in a steam car.  I had never seen one, and six of the other children seemed enthusiastic about it and they were going to try, so I decided to join them, too.  The next morning at sunrise we were piled into a wagon and driven to the nearest railroad station, thirty miles away.  We did get the promised ride.  We rode three days and three nights until we reached Hampton, Va.

            My parents found it out, but too late.

            Three years later when I returned to my mother, she told me that for months she wept and mourned for me.  My father and the old chief and his wife had died, and with them the old Indian life was gone.

            I returned to Hampton, and after graduation, some of my teachers prevailed upon me not to return home as I was still too young and immature to do much good among my people.

            I went to Northampton, Mass., and through the efforts of some friends there, I entered the Burnham Classical School for Girls, and later when I decided to take up the study of art, I entered the Smith College Art Department, taking the four years' course under Dwight W. Tyron.  During my study in Northampton, I worked for my board and lodging and also earned my four years' tuition at Smith College by holding one of the custodianships of the Art Gallery.  The instruction I received and the influence I gained from Mr. Tyron has left a lasting impression upon me.

            After the four years at Smith College, I went to Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, to study illustration with Howard Pyle, and remained his pupil for over two years.

            While at this Institute I used to hear a great deal of discussion among the students, and instructors as well, on the sentiments of "Commercial" art and "Art for art's sake."  I was swayed back and forth by the conflicting views, and finally I left Philadelphia and went to Boston.

            I had heard of Joseph DeCamp as a great teacher, so I entered the Cowles Art School, where he was the instructor in life drawing.  Within a year, however, he gave up his teaching there but he recommended me to the Museum of Fine Arts in the same city, where Frank Benson and Edmund C. Tarbell are instructors, and for two years I studied with them.

            I opened a studio in Boston and did some illustrative work for Small & Maynard Company, and for Ginn & Company.  I also did some designing, although while in art schools I had never taken any special interest in that branch of art.  Perhaps it was well that I had not over studied the prescribed methods of European decoration, for then my aboriginal qualities could never have asserted themselves.

            I left Boston and went to New York City, and while I did some illustrating, portrait and landscape work, I found designing a more lucrative branch of art.

            Although at times I yearn to express myself in landscape art, I feel that designing is the best channel in which to convey the native qualities of the Indian's decorative talent.

            In 1906, Hon. Francis E. Leupp, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, appointed me to the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania to foster the native talents of the Indian students there.  There is no doubt that the young Indian has a talent for the pictorial art, and the Indian's artistic conception is well worth recognition, and the school-trained Indians of Carlisle are developing it into possible use that it may be his contribution to American Art.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 26, March 3, 1911


The Invincible Meeting.


            The Invincible Debating Society met at the usual time and place.  The president being absent on account of illness, Mitchell La Fleur was appointed chairman for the evening. . . . The debate: Resolved, “That the coast defense of the United States should be strengthened.”  The affirmative, Robert Weatherstone and John Carter; negative, Lyman Madison and Josiah SaraciNo  The judges gave their decision in favor of the negative.  Miss Reichel and Mrs. Deitz were the official visitors. . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 31, April 7, 1911


            Mr. Deitz left Saturday morning for New York, where he will spend a week at the home of Prof. Gilberte, who was here as his guest during commencement week. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 35, May 5, 1911


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Deitz . . . Teacher Nat. Ind. Art

Wm. H. Deitz . . . Asst. Teacher Nat. Ind. Art . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 36, May 12, 1911


            A new tennis court has been made in the rear of Mr. Deitz’s home.  It is the only “skin” court we have. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 7, No 40, June 9, 1911


            Last Sunday Mr. and Mrs. Warner, Miss Blanche Warner and Mr. and Mrs. Deitz motored to Big Spring. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 1, September 15, 1911


            Mr. and Mrs. Deitz were guests this summer of Mr. Hallett Gilberte, the composer of music, at his summer home at Lincolnville Beach, Maine.  They took some delightful trips by auto and motor boat to Bar Harbor, Castine and other places, and on their way home visited friends in Massachusetts. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 4, October 6, 1911


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Deitz . . . Teacher Nat. Ind. Art

Wm. H. Deitz . . . Asst. Teacher Nat. Ind. Art . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 5, October 13, 1911


            How do you like our new heading?  Lone Star made it. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 7, October 27, 1911


            At their meeting last Friday evening, the Susan Literary Society rendered the following program: Song, Susans; recitation, Bessie Waggoner; pen picture, Jeanette Pappin; pianola solo, Pearl Bonser; select reading, Delia LaFernier; vocal solo, Esther Dunbar; impromptu, Cora Bressette. . . . .Mrs. Dietz, the official visitor, gave helpful suggestions. ************************************************************************ The Red Man, Vol 4, No 3, November 1911 (109-117)


The First National Conference of Indians: By F. A. McKenzie.


The vision of the day when from the fourquarters of the land there should come the representatives of the native peoples to labor for the welfare of all the tribes, a vision which has long occupied the minds and hearts of many men and woman, has at last been realized.  The first national conference by Indians to plan for permanent organization and persistent and undying activity in the interests of the Indians of the United States held its sessions, as announced, from the 12th to the 16th of October in Columbus, Ohio.  When the historic six, representing five Indian tribes, met in April, no one could prophesy what the results in October might be.  Far easier would failure than success be forecast. But the plans were built not on surface enthusiasm, and were not relinquished because of known and large difficulties. . . . Out of that little gathering has come an organization, permanent in spirit, though free of constitutional forms, which numbers an Active and Associate Membership of over 300. . . . The first gathering brought together more than 50 Indians, beside their friends, to consult over the needs of their own race.

            The associate members from a distance shared in the same spirit of interest and altruism, other wise such people as Mr. Foote and Miss Annie Fuller, of Boston, Mr. John W. Converse, Grand Sachem of the Improved Order of Red Men, of Massachusetts . . . Miss Andrus of Hampton Institute . . .

            It was not a spectacular convention.  The delegates were there to wrestle with serious and difficult problems.  Nevertheless there were features of attraction for those interested in the curious, unique, or artistic, and there were meetings exciting wide attention and publicity.  The rare exhibition of blankets and pottery, as well as the literary and industrial exhibit sent by a number of Indian schools, including Carlisle, Hampton, Haskell, and Phoenix, drew sightseers and purchasers from the opening day to the close of the Conference . . .

            Thursday evening a large audience gathered in Memorial Hall to listen to the addresses of formal welcome by representatives of the city and to the responses by representatives of the Conference. . . . The responses were by Chairman Dagenett, Mr. Sloan, Mr. Parker, and Miss Cornelius. . . .

            The high order of discussion was not lowered in the afternoon.  Arthur C. Parker's "Philosophy of Indian Education" was thoroughly modern in its matter and tone.  Its advocacy of "social betterment stations" was thoroughly in harmony with Miss Cornelius' paper in the morning.  Mrs. Deitz demonstrated anew both the existence and value of Indian art in our modern life.  Mr. Oskison and Mr. Davis in spirited papers showed that the Indian is succeeding in large numbers in the professions, Mr. Davis held that it was better to live by brain than by brawn. . . .


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 9, November 10, 1911


            Newashe and Lone Star were star tackles, the center trio was superb and the rapid backfield men simply dazed Penn. . . .

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 20, January 26, 1912


            Anna Miles, one of our Osage girls, who is a student in the Philadelphia School of Fine Arts, was the guest over Sunday, of Mr. and Mrs. Dietz. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 12, February 2, 1912


Preparing for March.


            Mr. Dietz it[is] now at work upon the cover for the March Red Man.  This is one of a series each of which tells its own story of Indian development as a worker and citizen.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 26, March 8, 1912


National Indian Association.


            The Annual Report of the National Indian Association for 1911 presents a splendid kaleidoscopic view of the manifold activities of this serviceable association.  With branch associations scattered in many cities throughout the country, and by interesting philanthropic people in the Indian’s cause, this society is scattering seeds of blessing among many Indians tribes.

            Mrs. Amelia Stone Quinton, that pioneer in Indian uplift, still continues as honorary president, while Mrs. Otto Heinicke is the active president.  For years Mr. John W. Clark has been corresponding and executive secretary, and has rendered yeoman service in the cause of Indian civilization; he is untiring in his efforts for the betterment of Indian conditions.

            The annual report appears with an attractive cover and on the inside is this note: “The cover for this report was kindly designed for the National Indian Association by Mr. William Dietz-Lonestar, a member of the Sioux tribe of Indians and art instructor at the United States Government Indian School, Carlisle, Pa.” ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 28, March 22, 1912


            Anna Miles, one of our students who is now a pupil in the School of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, was the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Dietz, Saturday and Sunday.  She is getting along splendidly and the directors of this noted school speak well of her work. ************************************************************************

The Red Man, Vol 4, No 8, April 1912 (331-332)


Encouraging Native Indian Art and Folklore.


            The Department of Native Indian Arts is the most distinctively Indian of Carlisle's institutions.  Those in charge of the department are aiming to make out of a crude and primitive art something that will be of vital interest in art development and susceptible of useful application to the decorative arts of this country.  Already the creations of students in the department have attracted attention, especially from artists.  The rugs and blankets woven by students from designs made by themselves have met with a ready sale, and the crafts department has undertaken to sell Pueblo pottery, baskets, Navajo art-squares, looms and blankets for the old Indians.  Beadwork and metal-work are being developed.  Silversmithing received an impetus last year by the arrival of a number of Navajo boys at Carlisle.  Of some of their work The Arrow had the following to say:  "The silversmiths have finished some very pretty bracelets and candlesticks.  The designs on the bracelets are entirely original, and they show excellent taste as well as decided talent for designing.  The candlesticks would ornament any mantel."

            At the head of the Department of Native Indians Art is a full-blooded Winnebago, Angel De Cora, whose own efforts secured her an education in various art schools of this country.  Of Indian art she says: "Although at times I yearn to express myself in landscape art, I feel that designing is the best channel in which to convey the native qualities of the Indian's decorative talent.  There is no doubt that the young Indian has a talent for pictorial art, and the Indian's artistic conception is well worth recognition, and the school-trained Indian of Carlisle is developing it into possible use that it may become his contribution to American art."

            Special attention is being paid at Carlisle to the study of Indian folklore and the manners and customs of various tribes.  The students are being encouraged to put into writing the historical and mythological information that has been imparted to them by the older members of their tribe, and the very best of them are being published in the two school papers, The Arrow and the RED MAN.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 30, April 5, 1912


How Art Misrepresents the Indian.


In Two Parts—Part I


From the Literary Digest.


[see above, Literary Digest, January 27, 1912] ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 31, April 12, 1912


How Art Misrepresents the Indian.


In Two Parts—Part II


From the Literary Digest.


[see above, Literary Digest, January 27, 1912]


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 8, No 41, July 4, 1912


Vacation Happenings of Interest from Campus and Quarters


Mr. Dietz will spend a week in Massachusetts, after which he and Mrs. Dietz will camp at Laurel Lake, a beautiful place ten miles of Mt. Holly.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 1, September 6, 1912


Mr. and Mrs. Deitz to Illustrate Calendar.


            Carlisle is receiving unusual recognition from abroad this year.  Besides Thorpe's victory at Stockholm, Mr. and Mrs. William Deitz, who are better known as "Lone Star" and "Angel de Cora" in the world of art, have been retained by a German firm to illustrate a calendar containing the philosophy of famous Indians.  There will be twelve paintings of Indian scenes and designs in six colors. 

            The illustrations will be published in connection with the Sayings of Indians, gathered by Natalie Curtis, a niece of George William Curtis, the author.  Although the calendar will be made in Germany, it will be sent to America for distribution.  Mr. and Mrs. Deitz are considered the leading Indian artists in the world.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 5, October 4, 1912


Participate in Indian Congress.


            Mrs. LaFlesche, Mrs. Deitz, Anna Hauser, Sadie Ingalls, Jeanette Pappin, and Leila Waterman, left last Tuesday for Columbus, Ohio, to attend the Indian Congress, which is being held there.

            Mr. Nori left for Columbus on Wednesday evening.  Superintendent and Mrs. Friedman went Thursday evening and will remain until Sunday.  Mr. Friedman will speak on Friday. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 9, November 1, 1912


            Mrs. William Newashe, of Harrisburg, was the guest of Mrs. William Deitz at luncheon last Monday.

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Thanks of The Society of American Indians.


            The following resolution was unanimously adopted by The Society of American Indians in conference assembled, Monday, October 7th:

            Resolved,   That Society of American Indians express to Professor Friedman its sincere thanks for the services which he has rendered in making the conference of the Society a success, and that this resolution be spread upon the minutes and a copy be sent to Professor Friedman.

                                                            Marie L. B. Baldwin,

                                                            Angel DeCora-Dietz,

                                                            Thomas L. Sloan,

                                                            Rosa B. LaFlesche.

                                                            Resolutions Committee.


            Sherman Coolidge, President.

            Arthur C. Parker, Sec. Treas.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 20, January 17, 1913


            Under Mr. Deitz’s instruction, the Freshman class made some beautiful calendars for 1913. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 21, January 24, 1913


            Mr. Deitz is teaching the Juniors to do pretty landscaping scenes. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 22, January 31, 1913


Indian Associations Issue Reports.


            The Annual Report of the New York Indian Association, and the Report of Missions of the National Indian Association have been issued.  These pamphlets are neat and attractive in appearance and contain much of value to those interested in the welfare of the Indian.  The cover designs and all of the cuts and initial letters used, with the exception of the frontspiece in the last-named report, are the work of the Art Instructor, Mr. William Deitz (“Lone Star”), and students of the Art Department of the Carlisle Indian School. ************************************************************************

The Red Man, Vol 5, No 6, February 1913


[Picture of Dietz and Angel in beaded dress, "conditions of Cherokee" picture from this issue] (233-241)


The Story of Two Real Indian Artists:

By E. L. Martin.

"Each figure has its meaning;

Each some magic song suggested."


            In the world to-day, there are just two real Indian artists.  They are Lone Star and wife, Angel De Cora.  Both are instructors in art at the United States Government Indian School at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and both are themselves students of nature, which the real artist must ever continue to be.

            These artists, true to the instincts of their race, "see something more in nature than general effect."  Their criticism is that hitherto, with the exception of Frederic Remington, who lived with and studied the red man in his own environment, artists have not seen the Indian soul speaking in the Indian face.  The conception of the Indian character has been altogether unlike the Indian himself, which has left the impression upon the general mind that the Indian possesses certain peculiar qualities which in no respect belong to him.  The white man, they say--the artist--invariably gives the expression of stoicism to the Indian face.  And it is only by living with and coming into close relation with these primitive people that he is enabled to find out his great mistake.  For a great mistake it certainly is, they inform us, to so depict him.

            It is easy to recall what a great mind has told us, that "nature is inexhaustible, and alone forms the great masters.  Say what you will of rules, they alter the true features and the natural expression."  So, Lone Star says, by following conventional rules and practices, false ideas of his race have been given to us.  For, "of all things the Indian has been, he has first of all been an artist."

            This seems like a fair statement, too, and one that might be expected.  For always the Indian has lived with and been governed by nature.  Always he has loved the "haunts of nature."   Likewise the Indian has had faith in "God and nature," and, like Hiawatha, in his song he has made records of his thoughts in symbolic language.  Hence he has learned to look at nature with an artist's eye.

            Realizing the essential truth of all this, Lone Star and his wife, Angel De Cora, both of whom have studied art under such instructors as Joseph De Camp, Howard Pyle, Edmund Tarbell, and Frank Benson, feel that they have just cause for regretting that this misunderstanding of the original American should exist.

            There is enough of romance in the life of each one of these artists to enable them fully to appreciate and love the people among whom they are born and with whom they lived in their early childhood.  In fact, the opening chapter in the life of Lone Star closely resembles the corresponding one in some tale of fiction.

            Wicarhpi Isnala was the boy's name.  "Lone Star" his father called him, which is the true interpretation of the Indian significance of the title.

            When Lone Star was between two and three years old, his father, a white trader and agent, having become a very wealthy man, concluded to visit his home in the East.  He stayed away five years.  Then he came back and carried Lone Star off with him.  In the meantime he had met and married an old sweetheart, whom he had lost sight of during his stay with Chief Red Cloud's tribe.

            Lone Star was now a boy of eight years, so his father entered him in a school here in the East.  Being of a bright mind and quick to grasp and retain whatever study he was given to learn, his own language did not prove to be any great handicap.  So, at the age of eighteen, he was graduated from high school.  Then he was sent to college and given a course of instruction at an art school.

            His father had great ambition for his promising young son, and laid out a most brilliant course for him to pursue.  But life on the plains was calling to Lone Star.  It almost always happens so!  For were not his people there--his beautiful Indian mother, who loved her boy as devotedly as the white mother loves hers, and the sister they left behind?  So, back the Indian youth went to see them all.  Then he returned to his art and finished his course.  For an artist he was, and should ever continue to be.

            As an artist, Lone Star has already achieved considerable distinction.  And his career is only just begun, as he considers.  He has worked as a staff artist on different newspapers, and at the same time of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis he supervised the interior and mural decorations of the Indian exhibit.  That was in 1904, the year he met and became acquainted with Angel De Cora, who is a descendant of the hereditary chief of the Winnebagoes.

            Nothing could have been more productive of their greatest good than the meeting of these two young Indian artists.  Fate must have anticipated what was in store for them when she brought them along the paths which finally merged into one long road, which they soon made up their minds to travel along together until the end is reached.

            It is four years since Lone Star became an instructor in the United States Government Indian School at Carlisle.  His wife, Angel De Cora, received her appointment two years earlier.

            As a little Indian girl, Angel De Cora had been entered in the reservation school.  After she had been there a few days, she tells us, a strange white man appeared among them.  When, through an interpreter, he asked her if she would like to take a ride in a steam car, childlike she said yes.  She was all the more eager to go when she found that six others were accepting the same invitation.  The following morning, by sunrise, they all climbed into a big wagon and were driven to the railroad station.  Angel De Cora had never seen a steam car or a railroad track in all her life and the situation was a wonderfully exciting one.

            All day they rode on and on, and when night came they still continued their journey.  And so it was for three days and three nights.  Then they arrived at Hampton, Virginia.  Angel De Cora was going to be educated as no one had ever dreamed of.

            It was three years before she saw her mother again.  When her parents found out about her leaving the reservation school they were heartbroken over being thus separated from the daughter.  But it was too late to interfere.  And when, after a three years' stay at Hampton, Angel De Cora went home for a vacation, her father and the old chief and his wife had all died.  "And with them," she says, "the old Indian life was gone."

            Her mother's grief over parting with her little daughter was truly pitiful.  For months, she told Angel De Cora, she wept and mourned for her.  By the time, however, that Angel was ready to return to Hampton again the mother had become reconciled to the changed life, for she saw it was inevitable, as well as being best for them all.  There was a great career awaiting the daughter, and one that the mother could take pride in.

            Recognizing what her natural gift inclined her to, and what the true bent of her nature was, friends stood ready to urge her on.  Through friendly effort she entered the Burnham Classical School for Girls.  Then, later, Angel De Cora was entered at the art department of Smith College, at Northampton, Massachusetts.  So, with all this painstaking instruction, supplemented by private study under our best art instructors, she is thoroughly well prepared to aid and companion her talented young husband in the career which he has chosen to follow.

`           Both Lone Star and his wife, Angel De Cora, maintain that art misrepresents the Indian.  Few, if any, of us have ever stopped to consider whether or not there is any distinction between the Indian man and the Indian woman in the wearing of feathers.  With the Indian himself, however, it is of the greatest importance.  A feather to the Indian means the same as a medal or college letter awarded to a paleface for athletic merit.  But under no circumstances does an Indian woman ever adorn herself with feathers.  Yet the paleface artists and illustrators, as well as the writers of fiction and otherwise, commit the error of making the Indian woman wear feathers, and also with what seems to be their only means of beatifying their persons, for which they have been laughed at by their red-skinned brothers.  Before an Indian is entitled to wear eagle feathers he must have distinguished himself by some act of bravery.  And every feather stands for a separate count.

            Lone Star tells us that at first the Indian "made symbolic records of his thoughts."  Then, in course of time, these symbols developed into a regular system of decorative designing.  And he reminds us that we have only to recall the garments he wore and the utensils he employed to satisfy ourselves that this is so.

            Likewise, the early primitive fashion is the one best suited o the Indian's style for carrying out his natural conception of true art, an instance of this being shown by "the parting of the hair in the middle, then braiding it in two parts and bringing them forward over the shoulders."  No other way of arranging the hair, this artist contends, becomes the Indian woman so well.  Then there is the use of the fringe, which lends artistic grace to the gestures.  Always the Indian has been lavish with this kind of trimming for his skin garments.

            The trouble has been that the white man pictured the Indian as his imagination saw him, and not as the Indian actually exists in his free and untrammeled life.  Everything there is done for a purpose, and each tribe has a style peculiar to its own.  But the time has come, so our two real Indian artists believe, when, if pictorial records of the Indian are to be made, they should be done correctly.  And with two such interpreters of the art for their race, this ought not to be difficult of achievement.

-           -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -          

The Real Indian of the Past, and the Real Indian of the Present:

By George P. Donehoo, D. D. [Check out who he is]


            About a century and a half ago, when our noble Scotch-Irish ancestors were engaged in building log cabins, hunting deer, bears, and "red varmints," little reliable knowledge was extant concerning the last-mentioned wild animals now known as Indians.  An Indian was an Indian, and because he was an Indian he deserved to be cheated, debauched, killed, scalped, and otherwise treated according to the plan of the Infinite Father, as interpreted by the enlightened Christian sentiment of the last century.

            Ignorance, intolerance, and prejudice are hereditary, as are other mental and physical deformities.  Because our grandfathers thought that the "only good Indian was a dead Indian," we think so, too, which decision is reached by the same logical deduction, namely, we don't know what we are talking about.  Because the Indian of our grandfather's day defended his life, liberty, his family and his native land, instead of cheerfully giving up all of these possessions to the horde of Irish, English, German, and other enlightened peoples of the earth, which swept like a devastating scourge over the mountains into the place of refuge into which the red man had been driven from the seaboard, he was a bad one.  We Americans are "patriotic" because we will defend our so-called rights to the very last ditch.  An Indian was a savage--a heathen who deserved to be blotted from the face of the earth because he did the same thing.  "Patriotism" should have a new definition in American dictionaries.  It all depends upon the point of view. . . .

            Suppose that we had put the thousands of negro slaves on reservations at the close of the Civil War, and had kept them there by the help of sword and gun.  What to-day would be the condition of the negro race in America?  The Indian race is the only race which has ever been "herded" like cattle, and yet, notwithstanding all this, it is taking its place beside the white race, not as a suppliant asking for quarter, but as a real rival in every line of human effort. . . .

            Besides the Indians engaged in the occupations noted, there are hundreds of ministers, doctors, lawyers, teachers, printers, machinists, carpenters, blacksmiths, nurses, dressmakers, etc.

            Of the Indians who have attained positions or[of?] international reputation, these may be mentioned: Robert Owen, Cherokee, who is United States Senator from Oklahoma; Charles Curtis, Kaw, United States Senator from Kansas; Charles K. Carter, Member of Congress from Oklahoma; Hon. Charles E. Dagenett, Supervisor of Indian Employment, United States Department of Indian Affairs; J. N. B. Hewitt, Ethnologist, Smithsonian Institution; Arthur C. Parker, Seneca, Archaeologist, New York State Museum; Rev. Sherman Coolidge, Arapaho, President of the Society of American Indians; Charles A. Eastman, M. D., Sioux, author, lecturer, and physician; Henry Roe Cloud, Winnebago, a Yale graduate and authority on Indian social conditions, etc.; John M. Oskison, Cherokee, magazine writer; Dennison Wheelock, Oneida, lawyer and authority on Indian administration; Rev. Frank Wright, Choctaw, the famous Southern evangelist; Angel DeCora Deitz, Winnebago, artist, and teacher of art at the Carlisle Indian School; and there are others in various callings. . . .

            So to-day the pictures which are drawn of the Indian, clad in feathers and paint, tearing over the plains on a wild horse, seeking men and women to plunder and scalp, is a true picture of the real Indian as he appears in the imagination of the boyish reader of "yellow" novels, or to the artiste of the "yellow" photo-play.  But, the real Indian of the man who knows what the Indian really has become is building houses, plowing the ground, healing the sick, writing books, leading great movements for the betterment of men, teaching, preaching--in short, the real Indian of to-day is doing just about the same things as the real men of every race on the face of the earth.

            As has been stated, there are about 266,000 Indians in the United States.  Take the same number of people of any race in the United States, or upon the face of the earth, and I doubt whether they will make as good a showing as do the Indians.  The trouble has been that we compare what 260,00 people are doing with what 90,000,000 people are doing.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 25, February 21, 1913


The Football Banquet and Reception


            The reception and banquet given by the Athletic Association was held in the Gymnasium on the evening of the 12th.

            The Varsity boys and others who have won their C’s by their skill in different branches of athletics were given a banquet in the dining room of the Athletic Quarters.  There were about seventy-five guests, girls, boys, and employees, among whom were Coach and Mrs. Warner, Superintendent Friedman, Mr. Nori, Mr. and Mrs. Denny, Miss Ridenour, and Mr. Dietz . . . .

            The guests then proceeded to the Gymnasium to join the rest of the crowd.  Twenty-six dances made up the programme for the evening.  Punch and wafers were served in the Gymnasium. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 27, March 7, 1913


            Last Saturday morning Mrs. Deitz took a trip to Harrisburg to spend the day at the home of Mr. and Mrs. William Newashe. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 29, March 21, 1913




            The annual Orange Meet last Saturday night in the Gymnasium proved to be as interesting and exciting as usual, and the closely contested races furnished good sport for the spectators and brought out some new material which can be used to the advantage of the track team. . . .

            Mr. Deitz proved to be a good announcer and score keeper. . . .

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9, No 33, Friday, April 25, 1913


            Mrs. Angel DeCora Deitz has returned from a very pleasant visit to Washington, D. C.


The Carlisle Arrow, September 5, 1913 Volume 10, No 1


Personals About Educational Leave.


            Mrs. Dietz sojourned at Chautauqua, N. Y., where for the two weeks of her educational leave she studied designing and arts and crafts.  Mr. Dietz journeyed to Wisconsin, where he remained for awhile, after which he went to Booth Bay Harbor, in Maine, where there is quite a colony of artists.  While there he studied methods of teaching.

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10 [11], No 4, September 26, 1913


Mrs. [Mr.] Dietz Instructs in Mechanical Drawing.


            Mr. Dietz, whose artistic ability in many lines is well known, is now in charge of the mechanical drawing classes.  Last Monday the carpenter boys went in for their first lesson, and they are enthusiastic over the prospects of learning to draw their own plans.

-           -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -            -          

The Standard Society.


            After singing their song, there was a volunteer debate on the question: Resolved, That the game of football is physically beneficial. . . .

            The Standard Orchestra accompanied a song by Tony La Jeunesse and Adolph Morrin.  Newton Thompson gave his summer experiences in an entertaining way, after which there were short talks by the visitors, Mrs. Foster, Miss McDowell, and Mrs. Drips.  Mrs. Dietz was also a visitor.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10 [11], No 5, October 3, 1913


The Susans.


            The program began with the society song, after which the following numbers were given . . .

            Mr. Brooks, an alumnus of Haskell Institute, was a visitor.  Supt. Friedman, Mr. Hart, and Mr. Minor came for a short time.

            Mrs. Dietz was the official visitor. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10 [11], No 6, October 10, 1913


The Mercers.


            Song, Mercers; essay, Marie Garlow; recitation, Alice Logan . . .

            Mrs. Dietz was the official visitor.  She gave a very interesting talk. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10 [11], No 8, October 24, 1913


            Francis Zohn is specializing in art work under the tuition of Mr. and Mrs. Dietz. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 9, October 31, 1913


            Superintendent Friedman, Mrs. Warner, Mrs. Stauffer, Mrs. Deitz, Miss Reichel, and Miss Beer went to Philadelphia to see the big game. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 11, November 14, 1913


Comments on Indian Affairs.


            The earliest native Americans are and always have been very interesting people, whether Delawares, Oneidas, Comanches, Piutes, or anything else.  But there are few people who realize how much the Indians of today are doing for themselves and how extremely well some of them succeed.  A magazine, which Indians print, write for, and illustrate, appears monthly from the United States Indian School at Carlisle and is now closing its fourth volume.  It is one of the most attractive and readable of all the dollar magazines, and its name it THE RED MAN.  In the June number, Dr. Franz Boas the distinguished anthropologist, writes an article on “Where do the Indians come from.”  The striking cover is by William Dietz (Lone Star) of the Sioux tribe.  Other illustrations show scenes from the life of the Pima Indians. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 17, December 26, 1913


Across the Navajo Desert.


The Navajos Are Making Long Strides

toward Civilization.


            Theodore Roosevelt, writing for The Outlook of October 11, 1913, after a tour of the Indian country in the Southwest, says:

            “The Navajos have made long strides in advance during the last fifty years, thanks to the presence of the white men in their neighborhood.  Many decent men have helped them—soldiers, agents, missionaries, traders; and the help has quite as often been given unconsciously as consciously; and some of the most conscientious effort to help them have flatly failed.  The missionaries have made comparatively few converts; but many of the missionaries have added much to the influences telling for the gradual uplift of the tribe.  Outside benevolent societies have done some good work at times, but have been mischievous influences when guided by ignorance and sentimentality.

            “A notable instance on this Navajo Reservation is given by Mr. Leupp in his book “The Indian and His Problem.”  Agents and other Government officials, when of the best type, have done most good, and when not of the right type have done most evil; and they have never done any good at all when they have been afraid of the Indians or have hesitated relentlessly to punish Indian wrong-doers, even if these wrong-doers were supported by some unwise missionaries or ill-advised Eastern benevolent societies.  The traders of the right type have rendered genuine, and ill-appreciated, service, and their stores and houses are centers of civilizing influence.

            “Good work can be done and has been done at the schools.  Wherever the effort is to jump the ordinary Indian too far ahead and yet send him back to the reservation, the result is usually failure.  To be useful the steps for the ordinary boy or girl, in any save the most advanced tribes, must normally be gradual.  Enough English should be taught to enable such a boy or girl to read, write, and cipher so as not to be cheated in ordinary commercial transactions.  Outside of this the training school should be industrial, and, among  the Navajos, it should be the kind of industrial training which shall avail in the home cabins and in tending flocks and herds and irrigated fields.  The Indian should be encouraged to build a better house; but the house must not be too different from his present dwelling, or he will, as a rule, neither build it nor live in it.

            “The boy should be taught what will be of actual use to him among his fellows, and not what might be of use to a skilled mechanic in a big city, who can work only with the first-class appliances; and the agency farmer should strive steadily to teach the young men out in the field how to better their stock and practically increase the yield of their rough agriculture.

            “The girl should be taught domestic science, not as it would be practiced in a first-class hotel or a wealthy private home, but as she must practice it in a hut with no conveniences, and with intervals of sheep-herding.  If the boy and girl are not so taught, their after lives will normally be worthless both to themselves and to others.  If they are so taught, they will normally themselves rise and will be the most effective of home missionaries for their tribe.”

************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 21, January 23, 1914


Indian Designs Wolfhound Medal


            The official prize medal to be used by the Russian Wolfhound Club of America, which has its headquarters in New York city, has been designed and made by an American Indian.

            At last year’s meeting of the club, which was attended by many of the wealthiest dog fanciers in this country, it was decided to have a new medal which will be struck off in metal as a prize designed to stimulate the development in Russia before the Napoleonic wars.

            Lone Star, well known as a football player and later assistant coach at the Carlisle Indian School, volunteered to make a cast, which has been received by the Board of Governors of the American Kennel Club, at New York city, who have decided to adopt it as a standard.  The bas relief was made after a young dog owned by Lone Star, which is expected to be a sensation at the coming show in the metropolis.  Lone Star has given much attention, as seems appropriate in an Indian, to this hardy type of animal, and has devoted the last few years to efforts in the line of raising as nearly as possible the ideal type of wolfhound.—New York Herald. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 23, February 6, 1914


            Mrs. H. B. Fralic, with the children’[,] was the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Deitz last Sunday. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 31, April 10, 1914


Marriage of Carlisle Students.


            Miss Pearl Bonser, a member of the Freshman Class and honored president of the Susan Longstreth Literary Society, was married on Saturday, April 4th, to Mr. Samuel Saunooke, a worthy member of the Cherokee tribe, and for a number of years an efficient and faithful employee of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the carshops at Altoona, Pa.

            A small and select company of friends and admirers of the young people assembled in Mr. Lipps’s parlor to witness the ceremony. . . .

            The guests were Mrs. McMillan, Mrs. Newton, Mr. and Mrs. Denny . . . Miss Reichel . . . Mrs. Deitz . . . .  

            Mr. and Mrs. Saunooke left Saturday afternoon for a wedding trip through North Carolina, after which they will begin house-keeping in Altoona, Pa. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 10, No 32, April 17, 1914


The Invincibles.


By Guy Burns.


            The meeting was called to order by president Hiram Chase.  There was no regular program for the evening on account of the election of new officers. . . .

            Mrs. Deitz was the only visitor.  She congratulated the members on the spirit they had shown in the meeting. . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 2, September 11, 1914




            The frequent rains during the summer, together with the efforts of Mr. Simons, have put the athletic field in the best condition it has been for some time, and the thick green grass makes an excellent surface upon which to begin the foot ball season. . . .

            Mr. Dietz will assist Mr. Warner with the Varsity squad, while Ex-Captain Antonia Lube, of the famous 1907 team, will have change of the Reserves . . .

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Alumni Hall Opens.


            The Studio, with Mrs. Robitaille in charge, opened for business on the 27th.  There is a large and attractive array of pennants, table scarfs [sic], and pillow covers in the school colors, besides scarf and hat pins, cuff links, watch fobs, and other desirable trinkets.  All of these have upon them, in artistic design, the thunderbird, which is the Carlisle emblem.

            There are also choice confections, consisting of candies, assorted cookies, cracker, etc.

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            Mr. Dietz spent his vacation at Rice Lake and Lodi, Wis.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 3, September 18, 1914


Carlisle Roster of Employees.


. . . Angel DeC. Dietz . . . Teacher Native Indian Art

Wm. H. Dietz . . . Teacher Mechanic4 Drawing . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9 [11], No 4, September 25, 1914


The Carpenter Shop.


By Aloysius Cheauma.


General Repairing is being done about the Campus.

            Mr. Dietz has organized his mechanical drawing classes. . . .

            Several handsome pieces of furniture are now read for staining and polishing. . .

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The Invincibles.

By Thomas Standing.


            The meeting was called to order by Vice-President Jesse Wofford. . . .

            The official visitors were Miss Reichel and Mrs. Deitz. . . .  ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 9 [11], No 6, October 9, 1914


            Mrs. Deitz is attending the Indian conference at Madison, Wis. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 8, October 23, 1914


            Mrs. Dietz has returned from a weeks absence during which she attended the annual conference of the Society of American Indians. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 9, October 30, 1914


Indians at Hampton.


Hampton, Va.—Forty-five Indians (29 boys and 16 girls) representing 17 tribes, are now enrolled at Hampton Institute.  This is more than at any time since the Government appropriation was withdrawn in 1912.  Sixteen new Indians (8 boys and 8 girls) have come this fall. Three have returned after some absence from Hampton.  All the Indians have come without any expectation of Government aid. . . . ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 12, November 20, 1914


Notes of the Chicago Game.


            At the hotel it was pleasant for Gilman and Pratt to sit by the window and gaze.

            Captain Calac was one of the fortunate ones Saturday evening at dinner, but Poodry the unfortunate.

            Coaches Warner, Dietz, McGillis, and Chief Clerk C. V. Peel accompanied the football team to Chicago.

            Rosa Monroe, of Wilmet, Ill., was one of the pretty Indian maidens who called upon the football team in Chicago and was an active rooter in the game.

            Joseph Guyon, a former Carlisle football star, and who is now attending the Keewatin Academy at Prairie du Chien, Wis., came to Chicago to see his former team mates and the game.

            On arriving at the Great Northern Hotel in Chicago, Nick Lasa, one of the members of the team, received a telegram from a close friend of his, who was to call at the hotel later in the evening, but ask Nick why he failed to see her. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 16, December 18, 1914


            Mrs. Robitaille, Mr. and Mrs. Denny, Mrs. Deitz, and Messrs. McGillis, Lubo, Welch, and Chase and Wheelock went to Washington, D. C. to attend a meeting of the Society of American Indians.

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Conference in Washington.


By Mrs. Denny.


            The Society of American Indians held its local conference and banquet in Washington, D. C., Thursday, December 10, 1914.  Those privileged to attend the conference from our school were Mrs. Deitz, Mrs. Robitaille, Mr. and Mrs. Denny, Miss Thamar Dupuis, and Messrs. John McGillis, Gus Welch, Antonio Lubo, Charles Coons, Hiram Chase, and Edmund Wheelock.

            Arriving in Washington Wednesday evening, we were met by Mr. Dagenett, who found us comfortable rooms and then took us to Keith’s.  Thursday morning he tooks us to the Indian Office, where we met our good friend Mr. Sells, who kindly showed us all through the different departments.

            Near noon, all the members of the Society and their friends, numbering about fifty, met in the reception room of the Powhattan Hotel and from thence proceeded to the White House, where we shook hands with Mr. Wilson and through Mr. Dennison Wheelock, an Oneida, Carlisle Class 1890, presented our memorial.  Mr. Gabe. E. Parker, a Choctaw, Register for the U. S. Treasury, acted as spokesman and introduced Mr. Sherman Coolidge, Mr. William J. Kershaw and Mr. Charles D. Carter, who in turn made short speeches relating to the memorial.  The President received us very kindly and graciously, and in answer to our plea said he would give it thoughtful consideration.  Immediately preceding our interview, Hon. Robert L. Owen, U. S. Senator from Oklahoma, also an Indian, had been in session with the President relative to the finances of the Nation.  We were all very glad to shake hands with him.

            After lunch at the Powhattan, we opened our conference in the Indian room of the hotel.  Here we discussed many subjects relating to the Indian.  Mr. Matthew K. Sniffen, the Secretary of the Indian Rights Association, told us about the Alaska Indians whom he had just visited.  Mr. Hiram Chase, an Omaha lawyer, spoke on the “Indian and Law.”  Father Gordon, a Chippewa Catholic priest, talked on “The Church and the Indian.”  Mr. Wm. J. Kershaw, a Menominee lawyer from Milwaukee, explained the memorial which had been presented to the President.  General R. H. Pratt, the pioneer in Indian education, spoke on Indian education.  There were othe[r] speakers.  It was a most inspiring meeting.

            In the evening all assembled again in the Indian room, where the banquet tables had been set for about sixty people.  Representative Charles D. Carter, who was there with his wife and two daughters, acted as toastmaster and presented Mr. Wheelock, Mr. Sells, Mr. Roe Cloud, Mr. Hurley, Mrs. Baldwin, Mr. Moffett and others who all in their turn gave us something good.  Among the prominent people who attended the conference and banquet and who have not been especially mentioned in this account were Mr. Cato Sells and wife; Mr. E. B. Meritt and wife; Mr. Gabe E. Parker and wife and son; Mr. W. A. Durant, Speaker of the House of Representatives of Oklahoma; Hon. Patrick Hurley, Special Attorney for the Five Tribes; Mr. Moffett, General Secretary Y. M. C. A.; Hon. Francis E. Leupp, former Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Mr. Arthur C. Parker, Mr. Charles E. Dagenett; Mr. S. M. Brosius, Washington agent of the Indian Rights Association; Mrs. R. H. Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. Mason D. Pratt, and Mrs. Kershaw.

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Tin Shop.

            . . . The tinners were glad to have Mr. Deitz return from the South, so that they can continue with their lessons in mechanical drawing.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 18, January 8, 1915


Athletic Banquet and Reception.

By John B. McGillis.


            Amid trophies won on the track, diamond, and gridiron by Carlisle athletes, the annual Athletic Association banquet and reception was held in the Athletic Quarters and in the Gymnasium on New Year’s Eve, December 31, 1914.

            . . . Among the guests of the banquet were: Mr. and Mrs. Lipps, Mr. and Mrs. Warner, Mr. and Mrs. Dietz, Mr. and Mrs. Griffiths, and Mrs. M. G. Ewing. . . .

            As the evening advanced the hour was fast approaching when the old year would pass away forever and the new year set in.  At twelve o’clock the bells began to ring, the band played out in the moonlight, and those in the Gymnasium, imbued with the spirit and presence of the New Year, entered into it with enthusiasm manifested by handshakings and mutual good wishes.  The last waltz, “Dream of the South,” played to the final strains of “Home, Sweet Home,” brought the joyous occasion to a close.

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Greetings from Tee[The] Commissioner


            Commissioner Cato Sells sent each employee of the Indian Service a pretty Christmas card ornamented with a four-color design of the “Peace Pipe.”  The design was made by Mrs. Angel Decora Dietz and the cards were printed by the Carlisle press.  The greeting on these, written by Mrs. Sells, follows:

            Open-armed the Red Man welcomed

            Paleface pilgrim to his shore;

            Greetings glad as his, I send you.

            And goodwill, forevermore.


            Let us strive to help this broth&[er]

            Greed and graft. Injustice. Cease;

            Let us seek his lodge of council:

            Let us smoke the pipe of peace. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 22, February 5, 1915


Afternoon Tea.


            Saturday afternoon Mrs. Warner gave an informal tea in honor of her aunt, Mrs. Day, of Eau Claire, Wis., and Miss Jean Senseney, of Chambersburg, Pa.  Mrs. DeHuff poured the tea and Miss Reichel helped Mrs. Warner to serve.  The table was beautifully decorated with sweet peas, the soft coloring of which blended charmingly with the dainty accessories of the table.

            The guests were Mesdames Rader, Lipps, DeHuff, Griffiths, Denny, Weber, Foster, Robitaile, and Deitz.  Miss Beach, Miss Reichel, Miss Donaldson, Miss McDowell[,] Miss Roberts, and Miss Williams. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 25, February 26, 1915


First Prize in Indian Essay Contest.


            The Society of American Indians has just awarded the first prize in its annual essay contest to Lucy E. Hunter, a Winnebago Indian who is now a member of the senior class at Hampton Institute.  “The higher academic training for the Indian” was the title of first prize essay.

            Mr. Arthur C. Parker, the secretary-treasurer of the Society, warmly commended Miss Hunter for the splendid argument she had presented.

            Miss Hunter is one of the forty Indians who remained at Hampton without any Government assistance, and is preparing herself for a life of larger usefulness to her people.

            Two other Winnebagoes who are well known are Mrs. Deitz, a Hampton graduate who is famous in the world of art as Angel De Cora, and Henry Roe Cloud, the first Indian to make his own way and graduated from Yale College.  These two have already done a great deal to show mankind that there is still the desire and longing for the best things of life, not only in the Winnebago tribe, but in the whole Indian race. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 26, March 5, 1915


Farewell Reception to Mr. and Mrs. Glenn S. Warner.


By John B. McGillis


            On Thursday evening, February the 25th, the “C” men and their guest and friends gave a farewell reception to the man who fully deserves the honor for having made Carlisle famous throughout the land in an athletic way.  The hours were filled with merriment and sociability in the Athletic Quarters, the home of the “C” men, which was selected as an appropriate place for the occasion.  The rooms in which the evening was spent were beautifully decorated with red and gold colors, pennants, trophies, and pictures of Carlisle’s great athletes.  It was an occasion to be remembered by all those who attended, as it marked an important event in the annals of the school—a farewell tribute to the man who not only trained and developed athletes of ordinary reputation but the world’s greatest athlete, James Thorpe.  Furthermore, a prominent newspaper writer recently termed the honored guest of the evening as an “All-American coach.” . . .

            Mr. Harvey K. Meyer, the first speaker talked on the “Glories of Carlisle under “Pop.” . .  . He mentioned how scores of young men who had previously had very little knowledge of athletics before coming to Carlisle became some of the most noted athletes of the country.  Among whom were such men as Mr. Pleasant, Dillion, the Houser brothers, Balenti, Johnson, Rogers, Lubo, Tweainma, Bender, Thorpe, Welch, and others. . . .

            Guests and hosts were: Mr. and Mrs. Warner, Mrs. Lipps, Mr. and Mrs. Meyer, Mr. and Mrs. Griffiths, Mr. and Mrs. Denny, Mr. DeHuff . . . Mrs. Deitz [no Mr.], Miss Bender . . . Anna LaFernier . . . Cora Battice . . . Emerald Bottineau, Bessie Eastman . . . Grover Martell, Jesse Wofford . . . Fred Skenandore, and Boyd Crowe. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 11, No 33, April 23, 1915


Notes from Room No 9.


            Charles Peters won three first prize medals in the handicap meet last Saturday afternoon.

            We are greatly interested in reviewing the work in arithmetic, physiology, and geography.

            Last Friday afternoon Mrs. Deitz gave us an interesting talk on the history of art, showing that much of it can be traced back to the Egyptians.

            Our classmate, Thomas Hawk Eagle, a member of the football team, is again trying for the lacrosse team. . . . ************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 12, No 1, Friday, July 30, 1915


            Bessie Eastman is spending her vacation in the camp established by her uncle, Dr. Eastman, at Munsonville, N. H.

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            Mr. Dietz leaves in the near future for Pullman, Wash., where he will take up the duties of his new position as head coach in football and baseball at Washington State College.

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Thorpe Playing with Harrisburg Baseball Team.


            "Jim" Thorpe was an over-Sunday guest of Mr. Dietz recently.  Mr. Thorpe is a member of the Jersey City baseball team; and since the Newark team (belonging in the same league) was transferred a short time ago to Harrisburg, the famous athlete has rather frequent opportunity for visiting his old school home.

            Later--After the above was written, the following dispatch was received: "To fill the vacancy created by the injuries to Callahan, Jim Thorpe has been attached to the Harrisburg team at his own request."

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            Mrs. Dietz, accompanied by Bessie Eastman [his niece], is at Camp Oahe, Dr. Eastman's summer camp for girls at Munsonville, N. H.  She is also giving some instruction along the lines of native Indian art.

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Miss Ella Petoskey Returns to Her Home.


            Miss Ella Petoskey, granddaughter of Chief Petoskey, has returned for the summer.  The little Indian princess will again impersonate Minnehaha in the Hiawatha play at Wayagamug.  Miss Petoskey spent the winter in Grand Rapids with Mrs. James Frances Campbell.  Last May she attended the commencement at Carlisle Indian School.  While there she was a guest of Mrs. Angel DeCora Dietz, the famous Indian artist.  At the annual banquet Charles Dagenett, of Washington, D. C., president of the alumni association, called upon Miss Petoskey to welcome the class of 1915 into the association.  As Miss Petoskey was the only member of the association invited to speak, the honor was a marked one.  Gen. Richard H. Pratt, founder, who retired eleven years ago, was the speaker of the evening.  Cato Sells, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C., was another distinguished speaker.--Petoskey (Mich) News.

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Alumni Department Notes.


            During the absence of Mrs. Robitaille on her annual vacation, Richard W. Johnson took charge of the Alumni Store with Mrs. Dietz as chaperon, and much credit is due Richard for the businesslike way in which he attended to the affairs of the association. ************************************************************************ The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 12, No 3, September 17, 1915.


Mrs. Dietz Resigns.


            Word has been received from Mrs. Deitz saying that she has decided not to return to Carlisle.  She is at present at Northampton, Mass., but does not state anything as to her plans for future work.  Needless to say, the very best wishes of her many friends here go with her wherever she may be.


The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 12, No 7, November 19, 1915


Lone Star Having a Successful Season in the West


            William H. Dietz, better known as Lone Star, and former Carlisle football warrior, has had a most successful season with his Washington State College football team at Pullman, Wash.  His team has won the championship of the Pacific Coast.  Victories over teams such as Oregon University, University of Idaho, Montana University, and Oregon Agricultural College by decisive scores indicate that Dietz must have had a strong aggregation.  The Washington State College defeated the Oregon Aggies 29 to 0.  The latter team won from the Michigan Aggies, the conquerors of Michigan. ************************************************************************

The Carlisle Arrow, Vol 12, No 17, January 7, 1916


A Striking Coincidence.


            One of the remarkable features of football during the autumn just passed is that the teams coached by the head coach and the assistant coach at Carlisle during the 1914 season have come through without a single defeat.  Warner’s Pittsburgh aggregation have been invincible in the East and Dietz’s braves at Washington State have taken the scalps of everything that came their way.  And to show that it was no accident, Washington State gave Brown University a proper trouncing to the tune of 14 to 0 in the post-season game played at Pasadena January 1st.  Following are extracts from the Associated Press reports of the game:

            “The game was arranged as a feature of the annual Carnival of Roses at Pasadena.  Brown University team made the longest trip ever undertaken by a college football eleven for a single game.  After the game, there was a battle of roses on the football field.  The Brown alumni of Pasadena brought a real brown bear from the Rockies as a mascot for the Brown team.  Lone Star has made a great reputation as a coach this fall.  He is a lecturer in the department of fine arts (at Washington State College) and his discourses on art and architecture have attracted considerable attention.  He is known as the Beau Brummel of the western coaches.  He never wears a football suit but coaches each afternoon dressed in fashionable clothes.  He always carries a stick and has often appeared on the field in coach wearing a silk hat and frock coat.”