checked 8/3/03

Belinda Archiquette

I think the mrs Robert Hall is probably Belinda Archiquette (oneida) rg. 6036. at carlisle 9/13/1884-3/5/1894 ... graduated class of 1894...there's a cchs photo, album 1 p 6.  Also should be a graduation photo. 

Genevieve Bell NARA database Record Group 75, File 1327 National Archives.

  Martin Archiquette, and Paul Good Bear have gone to country homes for the summer. 

March 16, 1888 INDIAN HELPER

  Joel Archiquette, who left for his home at the Oneida Agency, Wisconsin, on the night of the 1st, writes that he arrived safely in time to take part in the Fourth of July celebration there. On that day he says, "The Indian boys who came back from the Martinsburg school played ball against the club here and the Martinsburg boys got beaten." Joel says he is studying "Rules Of Etiquette and Home Culture." That certainly is encouraging news. He closes his letter with, "The people here are doing well. They raise more crops every year and work better." 

July 20, 1888 INDIAN HELPER 

 Joel Archiquette, who spent his summer’s vacation at his home at the Oneida Agency, Wisconsin, has returned. He speaks of having a splendid time. 
September 21, 1888 INDIAN HELPER 
     The first of our regular monthly exhibitions, for this year was held last Friday evening. There were many faults which we might criticize and yet all who took part showed that they had tried hard. Most of the performers were from among our new pupils, and took part for the first time. One of the most pleasing features was the singing by the choir which was especially good. The first on the program was a piece from the choir, after which followed recitations from Susie Metoxen, Earnest Peters, Richenda Pratt, and Edward Peters. Susie spoke gracefully, and could be heard easily in all parts of the room. Singing came next from the whole school, and then Soloman Collins gave us some good advice in his short recitation, "Look up." 
   Delia Kisma, and Carrie Cornelius did very well with their recitations except that they did not speak loud enough to be heard in all parts of the chapel. Then came the class of little ones, white and red, who showed us "what they could do," and how to do it. Recitations and declamations followed in order from Melissa Green, Frank Campeau, Benj. Wheelock, Lida Standing, Edward Davis, and Martin Archiquette, interspersed with singing by the choir. Phebe Howell then said some "Beautiful Things" to us, and Carl Leider came last with an original oration on "Our Flag." The exercises closed with "Good Night" from the choir. 

October 4, 1889 INDIAN HELPER 

Martin Archiquette has entered the printing-office and makes a good start. 

January 17, 1890 INDIAN HELPER 

The work of keeping the printing office in order is divided betweeu six beginners. They take day about, and the one who sees best when things are out of office and sweeps the best and keeps the office in best shape receives at the end, of the month a small prize. This last month Martin Archiquette of the morning orderlies and Briggs Cornelius of the afternoon force won the prize. 

February 7, 1890 INDIAN HELPER 

Belinda Archiquette Oneida, recited in a graceful and easy manner, "The Rising in 1776" and was followed by Gary Meyers, who declaimed upon "The future of the Anglo-Saxon Race." He was earnest,thougbtful and manly, distinct in utterance and- in every way pleasing. 

February 14, 1890 INDIAN HELPER 

Martin Archiquette received the prize offered in the HELPER two weeks ago fo,r solving prob- 
lems. The answer to the first is Ten Minutes: Scd, Lost, $13. 33 1/3 ; 3rd, 680 acres. 

March 14, 1890 INDIAN HELPER 

          ARBOR DAY. 
   Arbor Day after a week or two of most charming weather turned out to be rainy and damp, on account of which our Arbor Day celebration was not carried out quite as planned. The ceremonies began at 9:30, A.M., by the whole school singing a tree song to the tune of Auld Lang Syne after which Mr. Standing gave an address. 
   The boys of each class then marched to the spot selected for their special tree and planted it while the girls looked on from balconies and windows. There were special trees for the graduating class and choir. 
   In the afternoon the school assembled and were entertained by appropriate Arbor Day recitations and singing. 
   Singing, "Spring has come," "Nature's Tribute," and "April Song," by the choir, and "The brave old oak," by the school; Recitations and Declamations: "The Object of planting trees," Martin Archiquette: "Interesting Trees," Louisa King; "The Elm Tree," Robt. Hamilton; "History of Penn's Elm," Henry Phillips; "Little Acorn," Ulysses Paisano; "Planting of the Apple Tree," Minnie Topi; "Exercise on Trees," boys of No. 5; a declamation by Harvey Warner; "The Live Oak," Otto Zotom; "Among the Trees" Martinus Johns; and marching and singing by the pupils as they marched, comprised the programme, the most of which was excellently performed. 
   The lessons learned cannot easily be forgotten and will be of practical value to us in the future. 

May 2, 1890 INDIAN HELPER 

Martin Archiquette is now trying his hand at making printer’s rollers and is turning out some very good ones. 

April 24, 1891 INDIAN HELPER 

The class which will receive diplomas next Wednesday numbers ten and is as follows according to standing: 1. Martin D. Archiquette, Oneida; 2. Charlie Dagenette, Peoria; 3. Etta Robertson, Sioux; 4. Henry Standing Bear Sioux; 5. John Tyler, Cheyenne; 3. Yamie Leeds,. Pueblo, 7. Josiah Powlas, Oneida; 8. Levi St. Cyr, Winnebago; 9. Harry 10. William PI. Froman, 

May 29, 1891 

Three of the graduating class have determined to take a higher course of study and 
are looking forward to entering the Dickinson College Preparatory in the Fall. Now, 
let us look ahead four or five years and compare these wide-awake young men, eager to 
catch every opportunity to advance, with the rest of the class who stop school nom. FiW 
yrwrr from L~OW, thoee viLI0 go home, if they 
do 110 rrlOre Sttldyillg ~rOJl! this tithe 011, Will 
I)e m12n and w0me11 of small mind, del)endent, 
upou r1Ju.w who ~IIOW more than they do, and 
they will find many, yes, manywho know 
more than they do. They will be occupying 
positions, if any, of small responsibility and 
little a~ nut1 thry will never be called in to 
VOUS\~~ , ulren great issues come up for dis- 
cussion. They will be on the back seats, the 
rlnrlerlingrr? the slaves of the better educated. 
They will reel all the while, “Oh, If I only 
had listened to the advice of Messrs. Know- 
ledge and Experience when they so pleading- 
ly laricd ‘Don’t go home. You have not 
enough education yet.’ If I had listened to 
my better judgrnent, I might now be up among 
the wise men of big thoughts and purposes. 
But see me! I must always be content to dig 
and delve in the low walks of life, just be- 
cause I was in a hurry to get home, when I 
had a chance to grow.” Such thoughts are 
alldost unbearable. But these! These, who 
are not content to give up now, but Wish to go 
CIU and on and an; after finishing the college 
course, in the uwturt~l order of thiugs, will find 
places of trust, in the world; they will be 
looked upon as men of wisdom and under- 
standing. Their advice and council will be 
sought and they will be working in lines 
which will enable them to grow still higher. 
“Up, up, up,” is the motto of those who cling 
to etloc&inn’s ways. We hope that “down, 
down, down” will not mark the lives of those 
who are now giving up the ship. 
Of class ‘91, Martin Archiquette, Charlie 
Dagenett, Yamie Leeds and Levi St.Cyr are 
printers and could have set ~111 a~~rl printed 
t.heir Lwn graduatiuq essays. Yamie and 
Levi could have copied theirs upon the type- 
writer. This knowledge of business was ob- 
txjnerl while taking the regular school course. 
Are WC these superior advantages? 11’ da- 
pendent upon their own exertions for a living 
now, each one of the boys mentioned could 
earn a comfortable living at the trade he has 
partially acquired. Schools where the know- 
ledge of a useful trade may be acquired while 
gaining the book knowledge necessary to 
take one throuqh life respectably are few and 
far between. Let us be thankful that we are 
in such a pk’e and make the very best of 
the chance that is now ours! And let us stay 
long enough to get an abundant supply of use- 
ful knowledge and experience. 

June 12, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

Martin Archiquette gave commencement oration, "Modes and Tenses" printed on page 5 of the June 1891 issue of the RED MAN.
The boys met in the Assemhly room at the Large Boys’ Quarters last Friday evening and 
brgonieed an Athletic Association with Dennison Wheelock as President; Edwin Schanandore, Vice President ; Reuben Wolfe, Secretary and Mr. Fisk Goodyear, Treasurer. A committee on constitutionand by-laws, consisting of Mr. Fisk, Goodyear, Dennison Wheelock and Martin Archiquette, was instructed to report at the next meeling. 

Joe Harris, Martin Archiquette, Benajah Miles and Stailey Norcross went fishing Saturday afternoon and caught 31 suckers, etc. 

April 22, 1892 INDIAN HELPER 

The Invincibles gave a public debnte last _ 
Friday evening op01i the question LLResoIyed, 
That all the Indian palSi!s in the United 
States shonld ssli7te t.he United States flsg on 
t.he 8th day of February in honor of the Dawes 
Bill.” The principal speakers were Affirma- 
tive: Juli. l! s Browjcl._WiIliam Petoskey, Wil- 
liam Denomie, and Edwin Schanandore; Neg- _ 
ative; Samuel Sixkiller, Martin Archiquette
William Leighton, and Benjamin Caswell. 
There were manystrong as Well BS Witty sen- 
timents uttered fnyoriug both sides which 
we winh there was room to record In our IIt- 
tie paper: -The Judges, Messprs. St.apdin.& 
Kensler angl Big Horse rendered a d~C~slou on 
the merits of the argument in favor of the 

February 3, 1893 INDIAN HELPER 

The newly elected officers of the Invincible 
Debating Society are: President,, William 
 Denomie; Vice-President, Julius H. Brown ; 
Secretary, Joseph B. Harris; Treasurer, Levi 
 St. Cyr ; Sergeant-at-arms, Timothy Henry ; 
Reporter, Martin Archiquette; Critics, 1Mr. W. 
P. Campbell and William Leighton. 
Clark Gregg, James Hill, and Nicodemus 
Hill,all good printer boys,went with the farm 
party ou Saturday moroing for a summer’s ._ 
outing. They deserve it and we hope they 
will return rich1 

rewarded in healt.h, bappi- 
ness , an ahun ante 

April 21, 1893 INDIAN HELPER 

Carlisle Pupils Who left for Their Homes In the West, This Week. 
Justin Shedee, Morgan Toprock, Parker 
West, Elmer Sdezy. Albert White Wdf. 
[as. Paints Yellow, Eddie Davis, David Tipsi- 
$0, Joseph Taylor, Samuel Tepkeys, Edward 
qahmais, Jos. Gordon, Miles Gordon, David 
4braham, Julius Brown, Francis Lutiws, Paul 
Lovejoy, Henry Brave, Josiah Redwol?, Hugh 
Thompson, Joseph Bennett, Jas. McAdams, 
Leon Williamsou, George Ladeau, J. W. C. 
Killer. Oliver Goodshield, Edward Brown, 
Charles Red Hawk, Calls H. Looking, Albert 
sitting Eagle, Patrick, F. I. E.Feather, 
41ex Kettle, Nicholson Parker, Enos John- 
bon, Daniel 8. Bear, Francisco Garcia, ‘l’hos. 
Kope, Asburp Clark, Wm. Coahrsne, Robert 
Brown, Thomas Schanandore, Albert Silas,
Paul Shattuck, Chas. Brave, Martin Christiohn, Jas. Phemister, Sam Sixkiller, George 
Januie Nasca, Emma Redbird, Annie Bos- 
well, Flora Pretty L?dge, Alice Longpole, 
Alene Conover,Lulu Alleu, Sabina Miutborn, 
Florence Morrison, Edit.h Slrong, Josephine 
Culbertson, Ida Blue Jacket, Mary Jaue 
Wren, Millie Bisneth, Lucy Medicine Elk, 
Etha Girl, Auuie Lockwood, Mary Bailey, 
Sarah James, Electa Schanandore, Katie Metoxen, Leila Cornelius, Sophia Metoxen,Susie Summers, Ida Powlas,Maggie Thomas, 
Celinda Metoxen, Phebe Baird, Sophia Hill, ’ 
Sarah Archiquette, Ida Schanandore, Sarah 
Petoskey, Maggie Hiokman, Olive Hill, Julia 
Bent, Tessa Brclwning rnd Eva VanWerr. . 

Martin Archiquette of Dickinson prepdom’l is spending his vacation in useful occupation as a printer. 

July 7, 1893 INDIAN HELPER

Miss Burgess and Mr. Wheelock came in from Wisconsin yesterday afternoon with a party of fourteen boys and sixteen girls. Of these, Nicodemus Hill, Brigman Cornelius, John and Whitney Powlas, Taylor Smith, John Webster, Chauncey Archiquette, Nancy Wheelock and Alice Powlas are old pupils. 

September 20, 1895 INDIAN HELPER 

The following new officers elected for the ensuing term by the Invincible Society, are:
President, Jacob Jamison ; Vice-President, Edward Rogers; Secretary, Rienzi Moore;
Treasurer, William Carrefull; Reporter, John Dillon ; Sergeant-at-Arms, Chauncey Archiquette; Critic, Mr. H. W. Spray; Assistant Critic, Timothy Henry.

April 17, 1896 INDIAN HELPER

  The "rubber" game of ball between Dickinson and the Indian School team occurred on Monday afternoon.  The Indians won by a score of 13 to 1. The first game several weeks ago was won by the Indians -- score 3-1; then Dickinson won the next game: 10-1; Monday's game was exciting, but there was no blood shed.  Pitcher Jamison, was at his best.  Hudson's work at 1st base and Miller's in centre field were particularly noticeable.  Our boys had no difficulty in hitting Dickinson's pitcher, Jones.  Geo. Shelafo, ss., Jacob Jamison,p., Wallace Miller, 3b., Artie Miller, cf., Frank Hudson, 1b., Hawley Pierce, c., Chauncey Archiquette, lf., Christian Eastman, 2b., Jonas Mitchell, rf. were our players. 
  Indians . . . . . . 4 0 1 4 0 1 0 3 -- 13 
  Dickinson . . . . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 --  1 

June 11, 1897 INDIAN HELPER 

  Martin Archiquette, class '91, is teaching at the Menominee Boarding School. 

July 2, 1897 INDIAN HELPER 

   The 1st baseball team will probably stand thus: Pitcher, Frank Hudson; catcher, Jonas Mitchell; 1st base, Hawley Pierce; 2nd base, Chris Eastman; 3rd base, Wallace Miller; short-stop, Artie Miller, Capt: right field, Joseph Scholder; centre field, Edw. Rogers; left field, Chauncey Archiquette

March 25, 1898 INDIAN HELPER 

  What's that dust the Man-on-the-band-stand sees in the distance? 
  O, yes, it is a game of ball at Buckingham, Bucks County. 
  On one side are nine Indian boys, on the other are nine white boys. 
  Naylor is the pitcher for the white boys, and the Indians bat his balls away out in the potato patch. 
  Ah, Chauncey Archiquette is making a home-run, and another, see?  He is the star catcher in the field, too. 
  Who is that pitching for the Indians? 
  Oh, that is Artie Miller.  He is all right. 
  The game ends.  What is the score? 
  8-20 in favor of the Indians. 

August 5, 1898 INDIAN HELPER 

  The names and positions of our football team stand thus:  Frank Hudson, quarterback and Captain; Jonas Metoxen, full back; Artie Miller, right half back; Frank Cayou, left half back; Edwin Smith, center; Bemus Pierce, right guard; Martin Wheelock, left guard; Isaac Seneca, right tackle; Hawley Pierce, left tackle; Chauncey Archiquette, right end; Edward Rogers, left end.  The substitutes have not yet been selected. 

September 23, 1898 INDIAN HELPER 

Libby Archiquette's little brother, at home in Oneida, Wisconsin, was lost on the 27th of September.  Mr. and Mrs. Archiquette, Libby's father and mother, searched for their little boy, in the woods and near-by towns for several days.  On the 1st, Mr. Archiquette started again taking the Shawano road to advertise the lost boy.  He went to Green bay, returning by the way of DePere.  Another Indian was with him. As the two men were crossing the railroad track at DePere, a train struck them and killed both Indians, also the horses.  In the meantime the little boy was found dead in an old well in the woods.  The sad news cast a gloom over the Oneidas at our school, and Libby, who mourns the loss of a father and brother, has the sympathy of many friends. 

October 14, 1898 INDIAN HELPER 

  Out of the fifteen male graduates this year there are six harnessmakers - Chauncey Archiquette, J. Jennings Gouge, Louie McDonald, Corbett Lawyer, Thomas Denomie, and Vincent Natailsh. 

February 17, 1899 INDIAN HELPER



Christian E. Eastman, Sioux. Annie M. Gesis, Chippewa. J. Jennings Gouge, Chippewa. George Hazlett, Piegan.  Sarah A. Williams, Chippewa. Chauncey E. Archiquette, Oneida. E. Lillian Smith, Clallam. George I. Wolfe, Cherokee. Lydia H. Gardner, Arapaho. 
John Lemieux, Chippewa.  Jennie M. Brown, Sioux.  Vincent Natalish, Apache. Seichu Atsye, Pueblo. Mary Moon, Alaskan. Jeannette M. Backles, Assinaboine. Corbett B. Lawyer, Nez Perce. Lettie B. Scott, Cayuga. 
Sara B. Price, Sioux. Jonas S. Mitchell, Ottawa. Dollie Wheelock, Oneida. Louie McDonald, Ponca. Robert Emmett, Assinaboine. Bertha E. Dye, Seneca. Stuart L. Hazlett, Piegan. 
[bottom row illegible on copy - see original for detailed listing.  The following names are taken from a subsequent list of graduates pamphlet.] 
Jeannette A. Horne, Klamath. Thomas Denomie, Chippewa 
Minnie Finley, Caddo Etta Catolet M. Hill, Cherokee Nettie Horn Beaver, Klamath 
Edward Peters, Chippewa Olive Larch Smith, Cherokee S. Kendall Paul, Alaskan 
Cora Wheeler, Seneca Dahney George, Cherokee Rose  Duverney Tolley, Ottawa 

March 3, 1899 INDIAN HELPER 

  The question is often asked, What will your graduates do?  Here is what some of class '99 have gone into.  George Hazlett has departed for Hoopa Valley, California to be Disciplinarian; Sarah Williams left on Monday for Tomah, Wisconsin, to take a position in the Government school at that place; Lydia Gardner is attending High School at Landsdowne; Vincent Natailsh goes shortly to New York City to engage in business;  Seichu Atsye will continue her training as a nurse; Nettie Buckles has entered Metzger College in town; Kendall Paul will enter the University of Philadelphia to take a course in shorthand and typewriting; Clara Price has a position at Standing Rock, Dakota; Jonas Mitchell has gone home to work at his blacksmithing trade. Dollie Wheelock will take a course at Drexel Institute, Philadelphia; Louie McDonald will enter Commercial College in Carlisle; Robert Emmett has a position as printer in the job department of the Harrisburg Telegraph; Stuart Hazlett enters a printing office near is home in Montana; Thomas Denomie continues his studies in town; Chauncey Archiquette, Bertha Dye, Joseph Gouge and Christian Eastman went home; Electa Scott, Mary Moon, John Lemieux, Annie Gesis, Rose Duverney, Edward Peters, Olive Larch, Etta Catolst, Minnie Finley and Nettie Horne have gone to country homes to await developments and gain experiences they need; Cora Wheeler will enter Bellevue Hospital, N.Y. City for a course in nursing; Jennie Brown and Dahney George go to the West Chester Normal School; Corbett Lawyer has a position at Santa Fe, New Mexico, and George Wolfe will remain here to help on buildings to be erected. 

March 10, 1899 INDIAN HELPER

The wedding announcement of Martin Archiquette, class ‘91, to Flora May Lewis at Oneida, Wisconsin, July 27th, is a bit of happy news just received. Martin was a printer when here, and he has the  congratulation of many friends at Carlisle and elsewhere in the East. 

August 15, 1902 ARROW 

Martin D. Archiquette, class 1891 now in the Government service at Ponemah, Minnesota, puts his aunuity to good use when he sends it as a subscription to the RED MAN & HELPER. It is not an exorbitant sum-forty nine cents, but with one cent added it gives him the news of the school for two years. Would that the annuity of every living Indian, save the decrepit and needy, were as small, then there would be many more on the hopeful list of manly self-supporting citizens. 

December 19, 1902 ARROW 

Archiquette, Lillian (Oneida) 
Arrived 9/19/1895 -- departed 3/25/05 graduated class of 1905 
Aged 14; 62 " 92 lbs at arrival to CIIS. 
Full blood 
Father : Elijah Archiquette; mother deceased 
80 months previous schooling 
1917 living in Nenah Wisc. Married John Skenandore

Genevieve Bell NARA database Record Group 75, File 1327 National Archives.

Misses Florence Welch and Lillian Archiquette spent the day last Saturday at Mt. Holly visiting Mrs. Taylor with whom Lillian had lived one summer. They also visited the paper mills, brick 
works, printingofflce and knitting factory, and learned many things from them. They report having had a delightful time. 

May 1, 1903 ARROW 


Mr. [James] Wheelock who returned from Oneida, Wis., last Friday morning with eight Oneida students, makes a very favorable report of the returned Carlisle students at Oneida.  In his travels through the reservation collecting students. he was enabled to see nearly all the returned Carlislers and saw what once one was doing and their various accomplishments. In the Episcopal Church choir on Sunday afternoon he saw the familiar faces of John Powlas, Martin Archiquette, Josiah Archiquette, and others. John Powlas is farming his father’s farm and is held up as an exemplary young man. His brother Whitney is farming his own farm and his new house is about completed. Martin and Josiah Archiquette are also farming and doing work that makes  Carlisle  proud to see such industrious school mates. Jonas Metoxen has the finest house on the reservation- his place looks like a city suburban home with its fine large windows. Thomas Schanandore is also a nice looking house and is doing fairly well. His wife, Zippa(Metoxen) is the same Zippa as when here. 
Jemison Skenanadore is just building himself a fine house-when completed it will also have an eastern city house appearance. There seams to be competition among the Carlisle returned students as to who shall have the best house and who can raise the largest crop-in fact the whole tribe seems to have wakened up in that line and it is gratifying to see such competition. There are also many others who are doing equally well, but have not space to mention all. There are now on the Oneida reservation 4 steam engines and threshers   owned and operated by Indians. Just at the time when Mr. Wheelock was there two crew of Indian threshers, owning and operating the machines were threshing among the white farmers south and east of the reservation, und two crews were busy day and night threshing the grain on the reservation, threshing from 100 to 1200 bushels a day. He met his brother Dennison, now Headmaster at Haskell Institute, who was also at Oneida on business connected with Haskell. Dennison looks well and speaks in the highest terms of Haskell and its workers. 

September 18, 1903 RED MAN AND HELPER 

Lillian Archiquette with her friends Pearl Hartley and Deley Dyke spent last Saturday at Mount Holly Springs. 

Martin Archiquette has left the school where he has been employed. He and his wife are going to live at his home in Oneida, Wis. 

October 23, 1903 ARROW 

Through a new student we learn that Joseph Two Hearts is comfortably situated at Fort Simcoe, Wash. Also that Martin Archiquette, ‘91, is now disciplinarian there and doing well. 

December 23, 1910 ARROW 

Martin Archiquette, an Oneida Indian from Wisconsin, who graduated in 1891, is now employed as disciplinarian and bandmaster in the Indian school at Fort Simcoe, Washington. Mr. Archiquette has been in the Service for fourteen years as teacher, band instructor and disciplinarian. 

January 1911 RED MAN 

The Musical entertainment of Friday evening offorded an unusual treat to an audience of about 600. The singing of the Carlisle Quartette, the interpretation of two hymns in the sign language by Miss McFarland, the soprano solos by Miss Sadie Wall, the cornet solos by Mr. Archiquette, and the powerful baritone solos by Dr. Frank Wright, as well as the recital of Chippewa customs by Michael Wolf from Hampton, all combined to send a most favor-able report throughout the city, and so to attract larger numbers at the next meeting in Memorial Hall. 


IT IS a pleasure to those interested in Indian education to know that such a large representation of graduates and returned students of Carlisle were at the convention and took a leading part in its 
deliberations. The following graduates, ex-students and students of the Carlisle Indian School, Pennsylvania, attended the American Indian Conference at Columbus, Ohio, October 12-16, 1911: Esther Miller Dagenette, Class 1889; Rosa Bourassa LaFlesche, Class 1890; Nellie Robertson Denny, Class 1890; Charles Dagenette, Class 1891; Martin Archiquette, Class 1891; 
Henry Standingbear, Class 1891; Siceni J. Nori, Class 1894; Dr. Caleb Sickles, Class 1898; Albert Exendine, Class 1906; Wallace Denny, Class 1906; James Mumblehead, Class 1911; Horton G. Elm, ex-student Albert Hens-ley, ex-student; Clement Hill, John Goslin, Abram Colonahaski, Jane Butler, Nora McFarland, students. 

November 1911 RED MAN 

One of the most successful enterprises which the Government conducts in connection with the Indian Service is the work of finding employment for Indians, both old and young. This system 
is an outgrowth of the Outing System at Carlisle, and gratifying results have been obtained in extending it to the entire Indian field. Under its jurisdiction the Indians have demonstrated that they have real mechanical ingenuity, and are being employed in factories and by some of the largest railways of the country. They are found in the beet fields of Colorado, on the irrigation projects in Montana and Utah, in the shops of the Santa Fe Railroad all along its system, in the sawmills of Wisconsin, and in the logging camps of our largest forests. Last year, under the Department of Indian Employment, the Indians earned $374,783.40. The man who inaugurated and promoted this work, and who is now successfully at its head, is Charles E. Dagenett, a Peoria Indian and a Carlisle graduate. In the same department are a number of Carlisle graduates and returned students. Stuart Hazlett, a Piegan, of the Class of ‘99, and Martin Archiquette, an Oneida, of the Class of ‘91, are both valuable aids in the work. A number of others are in the office of the headquarters at Denver. 

February 1912 RED MAN 

Changes in Indian Service.
Separations - Competitve.

Martin D. Archiquette, to disciplinarian, Yakima School, 720, from disciplinarian, Yakima School, 600.

December 1912 ARROW

Chauncey Archiquette writes from Pawhuska, Okla., that he is occupied at the Osage Agency as clerk. 

February 27, 1914 ARROW

Photos at Smithsonian NAA: 

ARCHEQUETTE, and Simon King                           682 
ARCHIQUETTE, William, and Joseph Wheelock 
     (Refer to #964, 397, 682)                             976 
ARCHIQUETTE, and sisters 
     (Refer to #976, 682)                                  397 
M________, Benjamin; SMITH, F.; ARCHIQUETTE, Martin         964 


23 Park St. 
Albany, NY 

Dr. Carlos Montezuma, 
Chicago, Ill. 

My Dear Doctor, 
   As you are probably aware, I am no longer at the Carlisle School.  All, or nearly all, those who served under General Pratt have left one way or another.  As you know I have been a strong advocate of clean sport, and as the present Supt. and also the coach care only to win and at any price, I failed to dovetail in their schemes as well as I could have.   The school has degenerated into a school of professional athletics, where everything -- the welfare of the individual as well as that of the community -- must step aside to gratify the desire of Major Mercer and "Pop" Warner (the coach) to win, and create a large account to use as they with, without supervision from Washington.  When an official was there from Washington about a year ago, the athletic finances were not inspected, the Supt. making a fight against it, claiming he should not have to account to the government for such money, etc.  An inspection of the athletic finances would have shown some undesirable conditions -- conditions that might have reflected upon the School management very much. 
   You will recall when I introduced football in 1894, that I required the boys that took part to be pretty good boys, and the team was made up of boys who were bona fide students and who, when away on trips, not only behaved properly, but took active part in church and Y.M.C.A. meetings wherever they were.  You also know that not a penny was ever paid to a player.  But how all this has changed!  The discipline of the school has so degenerated (caused very much thru the loafers brought to and kept at Carlisle for athletics) that not long ago the ministers of Carlisle were on the point of petitioning the authorities at Washington but were held off by a prominent divine who is one of the chaplain's of the school.  the disciplinarian has at different times received orders not to permit punishments to interfere with the students athletic duties -- athletic "duties" above everything ! 
   When "Pop" Warner came to Carlisle in the fall of 1899, began the professional side of athletics.  At that time Metoxen was brought back for the season and paid, as I remember, $200.  In 1900, as I remember, every players was paid something at the end of the season.  This, of course, was in violation of the ethics of college sport and made the players professionals.  One year Warner went West, under the subterfuge and at the expense of the  government to look up returned students, but really to pick up football players.  He did not get any.  These conditions have constantly grown worse until they have reached a point where publicity is the only remedy.  Last year nearly every player was either a graduate of from two to four years standing, retained under pay to play ball, or were players brought there under pay.  to illustrate, Exendine, Bowen, Mt. Pleasant, Charles, Lubo, are graduates of from two to four years standing and were attending school (Business of Prep) in Carlisle, except Charles who was an em loyee.  Shouchuk, the Eskimo, left Carlisle, went West, but was induced to return and became an employee.  Dillon was an employee.  Dillon and Charles were married men.  They left when their seasons closed.  Dillon was blacksmith but during the season (Sept., Oct., Nov.) was in his shop so little that it would have been better to have had it closed.  Charles who was Asst. Coachmaker was in his shop very little.  In fact it is a common saying at Carlisle that if you are an athlete you can do as you please, stay out nights, get drunk -- anything.  Hunt (who played center, killed himself in prison while awaiting trial for murder), Dubois (also married), Porter, Archiquette, Houser (Emil Houser who is playing under the name of Wauseka) and Gardner played for years at Haskell and were on the champion Haskell team of 194.  Many of these are graduates of Haskell.  They were at Carlisle under pay and attending or pretending to go to school in town.  A few, however, just loafed when not playing.  LaRocque was brought back for the season.  Not only is this true, but in order to induce better playing, a schedule of prices was paid for each game -- a goal, touchdown, blocked kick, etc. each having its special price.  Not only are most of these men playing again this year but Houser (who is playing fullback and is a brother of Emil Houser who is playing as Wauseka) who was an all-Western star in 1904 on the Haskell team, has been added to the team under the same conditions as the others, as has also another old player, Felix, who evidently is playing under an assumed name. 
   That the colleges that have been kind enough to place the Carlisle Indians on their schedules should thus be imposed upon as well as the public, the discipline of the school ruined, all the departments of the school interfered with, the individual students welfare neglected, etc., etc. is too bad, and it seems the public should know something about it. 
   If you will read the speech made in Congress last term by Congressman Olmstead you will see the importance of some of these facts being made known. 
   I give them to you to use as you wish, presuming you will write something for the Chicago papers.  I will stand by all I have said but will ask you not to use my name.  Let me hear from you. 
  Cordially yours, 
                W.G. Thompson 

Letter of C.M. Thompson, WG-CM, [c. 1907] 
Larner, Jr., John William, ed., The Papers of Carlos Montezuma, Wilmington, DE., Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1984.