See also:  Chiefs
 Pine Ridge

Maggie, a Sioux girl, dictated this letter to an interpreter and a teacher
wrote it down: "Carlisle Barracks, PA, Jan. 24,1881.

     My dear father: AMERICAN HORSE:- I want to tell you something, and
     it makes me feel very glad. You tell me that my brother is married
     and that makes me feel very glad. My cousins, and brothers, and I
     are all very well, at this Carlisle School. We would like to see
     you again. I am always happy here, but lately I sometimes feel
     bad, because you tell me that my grandfather is getting very old.
     Tell me how my brothers are. I would like to see my brother's
     wife's picture. Tell my brother Two-Dogs to write to me again.
     Miss Hyde's father died two weeks ago, and I am very sorry. I
     remember all of my friends. If you don't answer my letter soon,
     I'll feel bad. I don't always answer your letter soon, but it is
     because I can not write. As soon as I get so that I can write
     myself, I will write as often as I can. Tell Brave Bull that Dora
     (Her Pipe) has been a little sick, but is most well now. Tell if
     my grandfather is well. If he gets sick tell me. You wrote to my
     cousin Robert and told him that you had a house to live in, and
     lots of pigs and cows and such things, and I was very glad. You've
     got a white man's house to live in now and I am anxious to learn
     all that I can, so that I can come home by and by and live with
     you. I hear that they have a big school out there and it makes me
     very glad. If you can, come again, and tell me if you can come
     again, when. I want to tell you that some more girls and boys came
     here. Twenty-five. Fifteen of them are girls. There are a great
     many of us here now, and Capt. Pratt is very kind to us. That is
     all I want to say now. Give my love to all of my friends. Your
     daughter, Maggie Stands-Looking."

  DEC. 27, 1887.

  Perhaps pour Carlisle friends would be glad to hear how we are getting along and how pleasantly we are spending the holidays here, so I thought I would write to you and will state that about all of the returned Carlisle students are well and most of them are doing the best they know how and try to behave well.  I am not only speaking of the Carlisle students but also other children, those who returned from the Eastern schools and the children of this agency boarding school.  Quite a number of them are working at the agency and are doing as well as any Eastern returned pupils.  Clarence T. Stars [Three Stars] is still employed at the boarding school.  Edgar Fire Thunder is still working on his trade of blacksmithing.  Mack Kutepi is at his trade of harnessmaking, he has much repairing to do every day.  Frank Twiss is working at his trade yet.  Robert A. Horse [American Horse] is working at the carpenter's trade, but it seems that he does not like the trade at all.  Wallace C. Shield [Charging Shield] is also working for Mr. Chas. S. Cook.
  On Thanksgiving Day the Episcopal Church was decorated with all kinds of grain, vegetables, fruits and evergreens. The grain and vegetables were intended to help the poor, two or three boxes of these things were sent to a poor white man who is living on the road between here and Rushville.
  Pine Ridge was favored with delightful weather for her observation of Christmas, day before yesterday.  There was very little snow on the ground but, a clear and cloudless sky.  There was a large attendance of worshippers at the Episcopal Church, the church was handsomely decorated with evergreens.  The services were imposing and interesting.  In the evening there was a Christmas tree from which many beautiful gifts were distributed among the Sunday School children and the older grown.
  Grand services were held also at the Presbyterian chapel and Catholic school-house.
     I am very truly yours,

     The  Dakota Trip.
  Miss Trvine arrived from Pine Ridge Agency, Dakota, Saturday evening. The sick girls stood the journey very well. When she left, Dessie was at the boarding school but expected soon to go to her home about forty miles out.
  Miss Irvine saw a number of our returned students.
  Clarence Three Stars was still at the Boarding School as Disciplinarian, and she heard that he was very faithful in the discharge of his duties.
  Frank Twiss is growing stout and is much

interested in his trade which he learned at Carlisle - that of tinner.
  Emma Hand continues to make her home with her brother-in-law, Mr. Kolhoff.
  Edgar Fire Thunder has married one of the Agency boarding school girls, and still holds his position in the blacksmith shop, where he gives full satisfaction.
  Amos is putting up a school house at one of the distant camps.
  Alice Wynn, in spite of the rumor a few weeks ago quite to the contrary, is strong and well.
  Martha Bordeaux and Winnie Schweigman were at Pine Ridge from Rosebud on a visit.
  George Firethunder’s record is such that we take no pleasure in publishing it.  Robert American Horse was well and doing well.

June 8, 1888 INDIAN HELPER

   A surprise party was given in honor of Miss Annie Morton, '98, who
arrived Tuesday evening from her vacation.  The following girls were
hostesses, Misses Young, Beale, Gibbs, Felix, American Horse, Warren,
Jamison, Dolphus Brown, Wilber and Silverheels.  The evening was spent in
playing games and music, watermelons being the finishing touch of the party.
Miss Nancy Cornelius, of Oneida, Wisconsin, Miss Sara Smith and Mrs. DeLoss
were among the guests.

August 18, 1899 INDIAN HELPER

 Susie Yupe, Sophia American Horse and Louisa Rogers are the new pupil

March 23, 1900 INDIAN HELPER

Geronimo visited Carlisle en route to Washington for the inaugural parade of
Teddy Roosevelt in 1905. He and head men representing several nations -
American Horse and Hollow Horn Bear (Lakota), Little Plume (Blackfoot),
Buckskin Charlie (Ute), and Quanah Parker (Comanche) rode on horseback
through the streets of Carlisle in their regalia. These six men addressed
the students of the school, with Geronimo speaking the following words
recorded in the "Carlisle Arrow", March 9, 1905:

     "My friends: I am going to talk to you a few minutes, listen well
     to what I say. You are all just the same as my children to me,
     just the same as if my children are going to school when I look at
     you all here. You are here to study, to learn the ways of white
     men, do it well. You have a father here and a mother also. Your
     father is here, do as he tells you. Obey him as you would your own
     father. Although he is not your father he is a father to you now.

     The Lord made my heart good, I feel good wherever I go, I feel
     very good now as I stand before you. Obey all orders, do as you
     are told all the time and you won't get hungry. He who owns you
     holds you in His hands like that and He carries you around like a
     baby. That is all I have to say to you."

  Susie Yupe, Sophia American Horse and Louisa Rogers are the new pupil teachers.

March 23, 1900 INDIAN HELPER

  Melinda Metoxen was at home from three to five o'clock, on Saturday last in her pretty room, assisted by Ada Sockbeson, Joesphine Jannies and Cynthia Lambert.  The guests were Mrs. Dorsett, Mrs. Canfield, Miss Weekly, Miss Kowuni, Susan Gibbs, Sophia Americanhorse, Master O-hi-ye-sa Eastman and Mrs. DeLoss. There were games and refreshments. 

April 13, 1900 INDIAN HELPER

Sophia Americanhorse, under Miss Noble’s able instructions. is “chief-cook-and bottle-washer” at the teachers’ club, in the absence of Mrs. Rumsport, and she cooks things just right.

July 19, 1901 RED MAN AND HELPER

Sophia American Horse writes from her home at Pine Ridge, S D., to Miss Sky that she intends to visit the World’s Fair at St. Louis, before long.

June 10, 1904 RED MAN AND HELPER

Sophia American Horse, now Mrs. J. Morsette, and a former Carlisle student, is living at Pine Ridge, S.

February 13, 1914 ARROW